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Articulations

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Specific articulations of the human body

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Articulations

  1. 1. ARTICULATIONS
  2. 2. ARTICULATIONS?  Also known as joints  Created between: bones bone and cartilage bones and teeth
  3. 3. 3 MAIN STRUCTURAL CATEGORIES  FIBROUS JOINTS  CARTILAGINOUS JOINTS  SYNOVIAL JOINTS
  4. 4. FUNCTIONALLY 3 CATEGORIES  SYNARTHROSIS  (immobile)  AMPHIARTHROSIS  (slightly movable)  DIARTHROSIS  (freely movable)
  5. 5. FIBROUS JOINTS  GOMPHOSIS (tooth to jaw)  SUTURE (cranial sutures)  SYNDESMOSIS (between radius and ulna)
  6. 6. Cartilaginous joints  SYNCHONDROSIS (epiphyseal/growth plates)  SYMPHYSIS (pubic symphysis)
  7. 7. SYNOVIAL  UNIAXIAL  (one plane, i.e elbow joints)  BIAXIAL  (two planes, MP joints)  MULTIAXIAL  ( multiple planes, glenohumeral joint) 7
  8. 8. BURSA  contains synovial fluid/ helps lessen friction at a joint 8
  9. 9. JOINTS   PIVOT JOINT  BALL AND SOCKET JOINT 9
  10. 10.  HINGE JOINT   GLIDING JOINT 10
  11. 11.  SADDLE JOINT  CONDYLOID JOINT 11
  12. 12. ANGULAR MOTION movement at synovial joints  abduction  adduction  flexion 12
  13. 13.  extension  hyperextension 13
  14. 14.   circumduction 14
  15. 15. SPECIAL MOVEMENTS  DEPRESSION  ELEVATION  DORSIFLEXION 15
  16. 16.  PLANTAR FLEXION   EVERSION  INVERSION 16
  17. 17.  PRONATION  SUPINATION 17
  18. 18.  RETRACTION  PROTRACTION 18

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