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WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANContentsContents................................................................................
WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANWhat Does Modern Roofing MeanA roof for your home or commercial building is a very important ...
WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANmaterial costs. Poor workmanship and the use of commodity materials may reduce the lifeexpect...
WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANFigure 2: An Asphalt Shingle roofDimensional ShinglesThough bearing great similarities with c...
WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANThe more traditional look can be obtained by using clay roofing tiles. These are mostly favor...
WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANmaterials. When it comes to appearance, the metal roofs can be made to look like any other ty...
WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANFigure 5: A Slate roofed bungalow in Heol Buddug in the UKProblems Associated With RoofsYour ...
WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANAbout The AuthorsOutsource Bd have a wide experience in conducting marketing services for con...
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What does Modern Roofing Mean

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What does Modern Roofing Mean

  1. 1. WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANContentsContents......................................................................................................................................1What Does Modern Roofing Mean..............................................................................................2Factors to Consider When Roofing..........................................................................................2Building Codes....................................................................................................................2Climate................................................................................................................................2Roof Slope ..........................................................................................................................2Modern Roofing Materials ......................................................................................................2Cedar Wood ........................................................................................................................2Composition Shingles..........................................................................................................3Dimensional Shingles..........................................................................................................4Tiles ....................................................................................................................................4Metal...................................................................................................................................5Slate....................................................................................................................................6Problems Associated With Roofs ............................................................................................7Summary.................................................................................................................................7About The Authors..................................................................................................................8Table of Figures ..........................................................................................................................8
  2. 2. WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANWhat Does Modern Roofing MeanA roof for your home or commercial building is a very important aspect of the property. Today’sroofs perform a myriad of different functions all blended into one structure. A typical roof shouldadd to the property’s aesthetic appeal, should be made of long-lasting material, shouldsignificantly reduce carbon emissions, should reflect the sun’s harmful ultra violet and infra redrays, should reduce energy costs, should protect the building’s interior from the vagaries ofweather, and should be maintenance-free and waterproof.Factors to Consider When RoofingBuilding CodesBefore doing any installation, re-roofing, or even repairs to your roof, you should take steps tofind out if there are any codes or regulations that stipulate the kind of roofs or materials that maybe approved for your area. Check with your city council authority and any home owners’associations for your area. Also, check on the best practices and materials for the kind of weatherexperienced in the area. Check the codes on the number of shingle layers allowed andfireproofing requirements.ClimateThe accumulation of algae is a cause for worry, especially in highly humid areas. To decrease thelikelihood of algae accumulation, use shingles treated with copper or zinc as these resist algaeaccumulation.Roof SlopeMost roofing materials only work best at certain pitch ranges. Have a roofing specialist measureand evaluate the gradient of your roof to determine the best kind of roofing materials to use foryour roof. A very steep gradient will reduce the choices you have for roofing materials.Modern Roofing MaterialsGlobally, there has been a shift towards engineered roofing materials and this shift is driven by afew factors. One of the most important factors is the ever-rising cost of wood coupled with theincreased environmental awareness and concerns about environmental degradation. Secondly,many city by-laws and regulations by professional bodies and home-owners’ associations dictatethe use of fireproof materials for both residential and commercial roofing. The third importantreason is that most people want to build with materials that not only look good but will last longtoo. Some of the modern roofing materials include:Cedar WoodCedar wood shakes or shingles combine modern roofing performance and reliability with thetraditional look. They are a favorite for historic buildings or homes that are located in newupscale suburbs that have high aesthetic-appeal standards. Cedar shakes also provide anenvironmental-friendly option for profession al roofers and property owners. The cedar shakesmade of high quality materials have a life expectancy of approximately 30 years. Most homeowners’ associations with high safety concerns typically have a requirement for communitymembers to install pressure-treated fire-retardant shakes and this usually leads to an increase in
  3. 3. WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANmaterial costs. Poor workmanship and the use of commodity materials may reduce the lifeexpectancy to as little as ten years.Figure 1: An Oak Farm cottage with Cedar Wood Shingles roofingComposition ShinglesAsphalt composition shingles are the most commonly used roofing materials in America today.This is due to their affordability and cost-effectiveness. Composition shingles are typically madeof an organic or fiberglass base containing asphalt saturation. They are commonly coated on oneside with minerals to guard against the vagaries of weather. Fiberglass shingles are more populardue to their flexibility as compared to organic shingles. Composition shingles come in a wideselection of vibrant colors and the initial roof can be overlaid by another layer if it is still in goodcondition. In general, composition shingles have a life expectancy of about 20-30 yearsdepending on their quality rating. Most repair issues for composition shingles occur due toimproper installation which may leave the roof prone to flashing and ventilation problems. Mostmanufacturers will offer product warranties which will only be valid if the installation is done bya qualified, professional, certified roofing specialist.
  4. 4. WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANFigure 2: An Asphalt Shingle roofDimensional ShinglesThough bearing great similarities with composition shingles, dimensional asphalt shingles arethicker and have a longer life expectancy of about 40 years. They can be used by propertyowners to create a more customized appearance for the home or building. Just like compositionshingles, the dimensional shingles should be installed in a manner that avoids ventilation,flashing, and moss buildup issues.TilesTiles are perhaps the longest lasting roofing materials with a life expectancy of about 50 years.They cannot be harmed by insects and they neither rot nor burn. They do not require a lot ofmaintenance and can be found in a wide selection of colors, brands, types, and styles. However,they have two major disadvantages. First, they are very heavy and this makes it necessary toinvest more in the roof supports. Secondly, they are brittle and if walked on they break. Thiscomplicates maintenance of gutters, chimneys, fireplaces, and the roof itself. The initialinstallation can also be complex and requires a focused professional roofer.
  5. 5. WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANThe more traditional look can be obtained by using clay roofing tiles. These are mostly favoredby home owners building in a traditional Spanish, Italian, or Southwestern design and can bemade in several exciting patterns.For a more modern look and a wider array of styles and colors, concrete roofing tiles are morepreferred by property owners and roofing professionals.Figure 3: The tiled roof of Guinsa near Danyang, in South KoreaMetalOne of the biggest advantages of metal roofing is the weight. They are far much lighter than tilesand composition shingles. They are also less expensive compared to tiles and slates though theyare more expensive than asphalt shingles. They have much lower heating and cooling costscompared to the other roofing materials and have a much longer life expectancy with mostmanufacturers giving a warranty of 50 years. A commonly held opinion is that an appropriatelyinstalled metal roof will last as long as the house.For environmental concerns, there are wide varieties of recycled metal roofing options. Metalroofs in general come in many more styles and colors compared to all the other roofing
  6. 6. WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANmaterials. When it comes to appearance, the metal roofs can be made to look like any other type.for instance, you can install metal roofs that look like either tiles or wood shakes. The advantagehere is that you will get the same high quality look but with a longer life and less weight. Metalroofs are naturally resistant to accumulation of moss and algae. They come in easy to installsheets though there are also metal shingles which take a little bit more time due to the individualplacement.Figure 4: The Sheet Metal roofing of the Helsinki University Museum Arppeanum in FinlandSlateSlate roofs are probably the most costly kinds of roofs and are very heavy. They are not used somuch in modern buildings and home though some of the very rich people prefer them. Theyoffer a very beautiful finish and last for many years running into centuries. They naturally shedice and snow.Most modern homes and buildings that may want to replicate the beauty of slate roofs usefabricated materials that look like slate. Most people will appreciate the beauty of theseengineered materials though a more discerning eye will be able to tell that they are not the realslate. These engineered materials are much less expensive and so much lighter than slate. Theyare also easy to install and the roofing professional can use the standard techniques and tools forother types of roofs. These engineered versions come with 50 year guarantees from theirmanufacturers.
  7. 7. WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANFigure 5: A Slate roofed bungalow in Heol Buddug in the UKProblems Associated With RoofsYour roof can easily fall into disrepair after a while, especially if no inspection and maintenanceis regularly carried out by roofing professionals. For instance, roof tiles made out of concretetend to break down within 25 years. Algae, lichen, and moss are likely to cover your roof withtime. This traps in rain water and moisture from the atmosphere and can lead to a significantincrease in the weight of the roof by up to several tones. This will increase the stress upon theroof’s supporting structures such as the underlying timbers. Additionally, any water that may betrapped may freeze and expand causing splinters and cracks and make the roof porous. Once thedampness penetrates the roof itself and reaches the underlying timber, it will cause damp rot anddry rot and also cause warping and buckling. Most home insurance covers do not cover againstwear and tear and this exposes the home or building owner at risk.SummaryModern roofing requirements take into account various issues regarding safety andenvironmental concerns. Most home owners and property owners will also find that they arebound by city by-laws and codes set up by community associations. Professional associations forarchitects, roofers, and urban planners may also have codes that have to be adhered to.Nevertheless, there is still a wide array of roofing materials and techniques that can give yourproperty the desired finish that can be both functional and aesthetic.
  8. 8. WHAT DOES MODERN ROOFING MEANAbout The AuthorsOutsource Bd have a wide experience in conducting marketing services for construction firmsand roofing professionals. This e-book was produced in collaboration with Brunwin ProfessionalRoofing Services Ltd who provided much of the information on roofing best practices andmethods. We would like to thank the Brunwin team for their cooperation and any errors ofomission or commission in the e-book are entirely our fault at Outsource Bd and not a reflectionon the professionalism of Brunwin services. For more details, contact us at:OutsourceBD.NetEmail: contact@outsourcebd.netPhone: +8801534575415You can also contact the Brunwin Professional Services Company at:Brunwin Professional Roofing Services Ltd34 Woodside RoadPurleyCR8 4LNTel: 0208 660 6939Mobile: 0797 354 9331Email: info@brunwinroofing.co.ukhttp://www.brunwinroofing.co.uk/contact.phpTable of FiguresFigure 1: An Oak Farm cottage with Cedar Wood Shingles roofing ............................................3Figure 2: An Asphalt Shingle roof...............................................................................................4Figure 3: The tiled roof of Guinsa near Danyang, in South Korea................................................5Figure 4: The Sheet Metal roofing of the Helsinki University Museum Arppeanum in Finland....6Figure 5: A Slate roofed bungalow in Heol Buddug in the UK ....................................................7

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