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The Strategic and Operational Use of Digital Spatial Data to Support Survey  &  Mapping Activities Prof. Richardus Eko Ind...
IT-Based Spatial Data Source <ul><li>Geographical or geospatial data ( geodata ) and  geoinformation , obtained through co...
Example of Spatial Data
Level of Spatial Data <ul><li>RASTER </li></ul><ul><li>VECTOR </li></ul><ul><li>Real World </li></ul>
Representation of Spatial Data
Various of SD Representation Raster Real world Vector
A Resource of the 21 st  Century <ul><li>Up to 80 percent of all political, economic and private decisions are of spatial ...
Geodata Services <ul><li>Geodata services or  geoservices  are electronic services or network applications which facilitat...
Geospatial Communities <ul><li>Due to the broad source and the importance of geodata as well as the enormous range of appl...
Spatial Data Infrastructure <ul><li>In order to use geo-information effectively, it must be  up-to-date, compatible and av...
Level of SDI <ul><li>SDIs exist on different levels:  </li></ul><ul><li>- the  Global   Spatial Data Infrastructure promot...
National Spatial Data Infrastructure <ul><li>a broad and effective contact network, which includes all partners </li></ul>...
Archipelago Strategy of Geodata <ul><li>Interdepartmental GI&GIS-Coordination Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Spatial...
Example of NSDI in Europe
Various Use of NSDI
NSDI in Action <ul><li>#1: Mapping Cultural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>#2: Surveying Political Issues </li></ul><ul><li>#...
#1: Mapping Cultural Resources
#2: Surveying Political Issues
#3: Simulating ND Recovery Strategy
#4: Calculating Potential Economy
#5: Developing GIS System
#6: Conducting Process Analysis
#7: Predicting Phenomena
#8: Clustering Variables
#9: Spotting the Areas
#10: Monitoring the Cases
#11: Representing Statistics
#12: Analysing Events and Patterns
#13: Profiling Detail Sites
#14: Answering Queries
#15: Learning Network Behavior
Aspects to Consider <ul><li>quality, accuracy, reliability </li></ul><ul><li>integrity, coverage </li></ul><ul><li>consist...
About ISO/TC211 <ul><li>An international organisation to develop  a family of standards in the field of geographic informa...
About ISO/TC211  (continue) <ul><li>Why Are GI Standards Necessary ? </li></ul><ul><li>For data documentation, collection ...
About ISO/TC211  (continue) <ul><li>aims to establish a structured set of standards for information concerning objects/ ph...
About ISO/TC211  (continue) <ul><li>increase the understanding and usage of geographic information </li></ul><ul><li>incre...
About ISO/TC211  (continue) <ul><li>ISO 19101 - Reference model </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19102 - Overview (Incorporated into ...
SD-Based Technology
Simple Applications
Behind the Scene Mobile Switching Center Web Hosts/Servers
Who Needs Spatial Data ? <ul><li>Land Records Adjudication </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Response </li></ul><ul><li>Transport...
Thank You Q & A and Discussion
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Digital Spatial Data

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Digital Spatial Data

  1. 1. The Strategic and Operational Use of Digital Spatial Data to Support Survey & Mapping Activities Prof. Richardus Eko Indrajit [email_address]
  2. 2. IT-Based Spatial Data Source <ul><li>Geographical or geospatial data ( geodata ) and geoinformation , obtained through combinations of geodata, reproduce or describe a territory and its characteristics by means of spatially referenced data such as coordinates, postal addresses, place names or similar criteria. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Example of Spatial Data
  4. 4. Level of Spatial Data <ul><li>RASTER </li></ul><ul><li>VECTOR </li></ul><ul><li>Real World </li></ul>
  5. 5. Representation of Spatial Data
  6. 6. Various of SD Representation Raster Real world Vector
  7. 7. A Resource of the 21 st Century <ul><li>Up to 80 percent of all political, economic and private decisions are of spatial nature and related to geodata . </li></ul><ul><li>In everyday life, almost everyone uses geoinformation regularly, often without even being aware of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Geodata and geoinformation are an economic good of great importance. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Geodata Services <ul><li>Geodata services or geoservices are electronic services or network applications which facilitate and simplify the use of geodata and allow access to structured geodata. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Geospatial Communities <ul><li>Due to the broad source and the importance of geodata as well as the enormous range of applications for geoinformation there is a great community of producers, suppliers and users being involved: - central, regional and local government and agencies, - organisations in the private sector, - the scientific community as well as - the general public. </li></ul><ul><li>With a wider and more intensive use, greater economic benefit can be achieved from the available geographic information, adding value for each and all. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Spatial Data Infrastructure <ul><li>In order to use geo-information effectively, it must be up-to-date, compatible and available on a broad basis. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinated policies as well as uniform standards and technologies are essential on global, national and local levels. </li></ul><ul><li>A S patial D ata I nfrastructure is a public access system of (political) measures, institutional facilities, technologies, data and people allowing a common exchange and efficient use of geographical information. </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of a SDI is to provide users direct access to geodata, geoinformation and geoservices from a variety of suppliers. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Level of SDI <ul><li>SDIs exist on different levels: </li></ul><ul><li>- the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure promotes international cooperation since mid 1990’s </li></ul><ul><li>- the National Spatial Data Infrastructure includes public organisations as well as private enterprises on the national level </li></ul><ul><li>- the Provincial Spatial Data Infrastructure concerns the geodata of the archipelago </li></ul><ul><li>- the Local District Spatial Data Infrastructures are being set up by various parties within the region </li></ul>
  12. 12. National Spatial Data Infrastructure <ul><li>a broad and effective contact network, which includes all partners </li></ul><ul><li>political support on the highest level, defining the legal basis </li></ul><ul><li>defining basic geodata and geoservices which are maintained and updated by the administration </li></ul><ul><li>defining the required metadata and guaranteeing their actuality </li></ul><ul><li>designing and installing the required technical infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>establishing and adopting binding standards for metadata, modelling and data exchange </li></ul><ul><li>promoting education, training and research </li></ul><ul><li>developing and introducing a common strategy for pricing and distribution </li></ul>
  13. 13. Archipelago Strategy of Geodata <ul><li>Interdepartmental GI&GIS-Coordination Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National Spatial Data Infrastructure for the whole country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic geoinformation shall be available easily and on easy terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination with the local authorities and communities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New legal bases if needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal data protection, copyrights, liability, etc. are taken into consideration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Standards for data production and data transfer (metadata, modelling, formats) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Example of NSDI in Europe
  15. 15. Various Use of NSDI
  16. 16. NSDI in Action <ul><li>#1: Mapping Cultural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>#2: Surveying Political Issues </li></ul><ul><li>#3: Simulating ND Recovery Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>#4: Calculating Potential Economy </li></ul><ul><li>#5: Developing GIS System </li></ul><ul><li>#6: Conducting Process Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>#7: Predicting Phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>#8: Clustering Variables </li></ul><ul><li>#9: Spotting the Areas </li></ul><ul><li>#10: Monitoring the Cases </li></ul><ul><li>#11: Representing Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>#12: Analysing Events and Patterns </li></ul><ul><li>#13: Profiling Detail Sites </li></ul><ul><li>#14: Answering Queries </li></ul><ul><li>#15: Learning Network Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>… and many more … </li></ul>
  17. 17. #1: Mapping Cultural Resources
  18. 18. #2: Surveying Political Issues
  19. 19. #3: Simulating ND Recovery Strategy
  20. 20. #4: Calculating Potential Economy
  21. 21. #5: Developing GIS System
  22. 22. #6: Conducting Process Analysis
  23. 23. #7: Predicting Phenomena
  24. 24. #8: Clustering Variables
  25. 25. #9: Spotting the Areas
  26. 26. #10: Monitoring the Cases
  27. 27. #11: Representing Statistics
  28. 28. #12: Analysing Events and Patterns
  29. 29. #13: Profiling Detail Sites
  30. 30. #14: Answering Queries
  31. 31. #15: Learning Network Behavior
  32. 32. Aspects to Consider <ul><li>quality, accuracy, reliability </li></ul><ul><li>integrity, coverage </li></ul><ul><li>consistency, compatibility, combinations </li></ul><ul><li>easy access, simple use </li></ul><ul><li>visualisation </li></ul><ul><li>actuality, updating </li></ul><ul><li>time series, archives </li></ul><ul><li>costs, tariffs, prices </li></ul><ul><li>education, training, research </li></ul><ul><li>publications, user groups </li></ul>
  33. 33. About ISO/TC211 <ul><li>An international organisation to develop a family of standards in the field of geographic information (e.g. Global SDI Initiatives): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Spatial Data Infrastructure (GSDI) to encourage the growth of compatible SDI capable of supporting collaboration on regional and global issues of importance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Earth to help advance the state of technology to create a virtual representation of the planet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Mapping to establish a set of spatial framework data coverage for the Earth </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. About ISO/TC211 (continue) <ul><li>Why Are GI Standards Necessary ? </li></ul><ul><li>For data documentation, collection and exchange of geospatial data </li></ul><ul><li>Who Wants GI Standards ? </li></ul><ul><li>all businesses that produce, distribute or utilise spatial information benefit from spatial standards </li></ul><ul><li>ranges from decision support, data warehousing to modelling and simulation </li></ul><ul><li>application areas include automated mapping, geo-engineering, computed-aided drafting and design which support planning and infrastructures such as communication, transportation and utilities </li></ul>
  35. 35. About ISO/TC211 (continue) <ul><li>aims to establish a structured set of standards for information concerning objects/ phenomena that are directly/ indirectly associated with a location relative to the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>the standards may specify methods, tools and services for data management, acquiring, processing, analysing, accessing, presenting and transferring data between different users, systems and locations </li></ul><ul><li>shall link to appropriate standards for information technology and data where possible, and provide a framework for the development of sector - specific applications using geographic data </li></ul>
  36. 36. About ISO/TC211 (continue) <ul><li>increase the understanding and usage of geographic information </li></ul><ul><li>increase the availability, access, integration, and sharing of geographic information </li></ul><ul><li>promote the efficient, effective, and economic use of digital geographic information and associated hardware and software system </li></ul><ul><li>contribute to a unified approach to addressing global ecological and humanitarian problems </li></ul>
  37. 37. About ISO/TC211 (continue) <ul><li>ISO 19101 - Reference model </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19102 - Overview (Incorporated into Business Plan) </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19103 - Conceptual schema language </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19104 - Terminology </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19105 - Conformance and testing </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19106 - Profiles </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19107 - Spatial schema </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19108 - Temporal schema </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19109 - Rules of application schema </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19110 - Feature cataloguing methodology </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19111 - Spatial referencing by coordinates </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19112 - Spatial referencing by geographic identifiers </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19113 - Quality principles </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19114 - Quality evaluation procedures </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19115 - Metadata </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19116 - Positioning services </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19117 - Portrayal </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19118 - Encoding </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19119 - Services </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TR 19120 - Functional standard + new rev </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TR 19121 - Imagery and gridded data </li></ul><ul><li>ISO/TR 19122 - Qualifications and certification of personnel </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19123 - Schema for coverage geometry and functions </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19124 - Imagery and gridded data components </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19125 - Simple feature access – SQL option </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19126 - Profile – FACC Data Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19127 - Geodetic codes and parameters </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19128 - Web Map Server Interface </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19129 - Imagery, gridded and coverage data framework </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19130 - Sensor and data model for imagery and gridded data </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19131 - Data product specification </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19132 - Location based services possible standards </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19133 - Location based services tracking and navigation </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19134 - Multimodal location based services for routing and navigation </li></ul><ul><li>ISO 19135 - Procedures for registration of geographic information items </li></ul>
  38. 38. SD-Based Technology
  39. 39. Simple Applications
  40. 40. Behind the Scene Mobile Switching Center Web Hosts/Servers
  41. 41. Who Needs Spatial Data ? <ul><li>Land Records Adjudication </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Response </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation Management </li></ul><ul><li>Water, gas & electric planning </li></ul><ul><li>Public Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Defense </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resource Management </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunications Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Development </li></ul><ul><li>Civic Entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Stewards </li></ul><ul><li>and so many more … </li></ul>
  42. 42. Thank You Q & A and Discussion

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