Chapter ObjectivesSection 4: Life During the Civil War• Identify the role that women played in the war. • Compare how the...
Why It MattersThe Civil War–a war in which Americansfought other Americans–transformed the UnitedStates. It shattered the ...
The Impact TodayKey events during this era still shape our livestoday. For example: • The institution of slavery was abol...
Guide to ReadingMain IdeaCivilians as well as soldiers had an impact on thewar effort. Key Terms• habeas corpus         ...
Women and the War• During the war, women took on new  responsibilities, such as becoming teachers,  government workers, an...
Women and the War (cont.)• Women who stayed home in the North did not  suffer the disruption in their daily lives that the...
Women and the War (cont.)• Some women were spies and disguised  themselves as men to become soldiers.   - Harriet Tubman ...
Women and the War (cont.)• Thousands of women were nurses, although  some men disapproved of women doing men’s  work or te...
War and the Economy• The Southern economy suffered. • It did not have industry to provide arms  and ammunition and other ...
Ch. 16 4 pp
Ch. 16 4 pp
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Ch. 16 4 pp

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This is the presentation for Chapter 16 Section 4.

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Ch. 16 4 pp

  1. 1. Chapter ObjectivesSection 4: Life During the Civil War• Identify the role that women played in the war. • Compare how the war affected the economies of the North and the South. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  2. 2. Why It MattersThe Civil War–a war in which Americansfought other Americans–transformed the UnitedStates. It shattered the economyof the South while contributing to the rapideconomic growth of the North and the West.African Americans gained freedom whenslavery was abolished, but the war left a legacyof bitterness between North and South thatlasted for generations.
  3. 3. The Impact TodayKey events during this era still shape our livestoday. For example: • The institution of slavery was abolished. • The war established the power of the federal government over the states. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  4. 4. Guide to ReadingMain IdeaCivilians as well as soldiers had an impact on thewar effort. Key Terms• habeas corpus  • greenback • draft  • inflation• bounty  Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  5. 5. Women and the War• During the war, women took on new responsibilities, such as becoming teachers, government workers, and office or factory workers. • Some managed farms. • Many worked to help the armies by collecting and distributing food, clothing, and medicine. • Some made ammunition, wove blankets, and rolled bandages. • Many also mourned the loss of the men who went to war. (pages 479–481) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  6. 6. Women and the War (cont.)• Women who stayed home in the North did not suffer the disruption in their daily lives that the women in the South did. • The blockade caused the South to run out of almost everything: animal feed, meat, clothing, medicine, and shelter. • The marching armies destroyed the crops and homes of those that lay in their path. (pages 479–481) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  7. 7. Women and the War (cont.)• Some women were spies and disguised themselves as men to become soldiers.  - Harriet Tubman spied for the North.  - Rose O’Neal Greenhow spied for the South, was caught, convicted of treason, and exiled.  - Belle Boyd was an informant for the South. (pages 479–481) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  8. 8. Women and the War (cont.)• Thousands of women were nurses, although some men disapproved of women doing men’s work or tending to strangers. • Women such as Dorothea Dix, Clara Barton, and Sally Tompkins became well-known for their work as military nurses. (pages 479–481) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.
  9. 9. War and the Economy• The Southern economy suffered. • It did not have industry to provide arms and ammunition and other necessities. • Farmland was ruined by troops, and rail lines were torn up during the battles. • The North’s blockade caused severe shortages of essential goods. • Prices rose because of the scarcity of goods. • Soldiers left their service to return to help their families. (pages 482–483) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information.

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