Case Study Immigration Policy Of Canada

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Case Study Immigration Policy Of Canada

  1. 1. Case Study Immigration policy of Canada Mrs F Kane Assumption Grammar School, Ballynahinch
  2. 2. Map of Canada
  3. 3. Statistics for Canada <ul><li>33 million people </li></ul><ul><li>Vast country – much within the arctic circle </li></ul><ul><li>Rich MEDC </li></ul><ul><li>Rich in resources for industry </li></ul><ul><li>Plentiful power supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Rich fertile soil eg chernozem of prairies </li></ul><ul><li>Most people live in major cities – Toronto and Vancouver are the largest </li></ul>
  4. 4. Immigration <ul><li>75% of the workforce are permanent migrants </li></ul><ul><li>Long history of migration, controlled by a government immigration policy. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the economic, social, cultural and moral considerations behind the policy? </li></ul>Vancouver, British Columbia
  5. 5. Open door policy 1870 - 1918 <ul><li>The railways needed to be built across Canada. </li></ul><ul><li>This would connect the industrial east with the agricultural west. </li></ul><ul><li>British, US and NW Europeans were sought. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers and female domestic workers to settle in the W. </li></ul>Map of Canada’s Railways Map of the western Prairie provinces
  6. 6. What economic, social, cultural and moral considerations apply to the Open Door policy? <ul><li>Consider the immigration Act of 1910 in light of the above. </li></ul><ul><li>What was the opinion of the time about migrants from China? Or migrants from ‘warm’ countries? </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1919 - 1929 <ul><li>How was the criteria for suitable migrants enhanced during this period? </li></ul><ul><li>Where did ‘preferred’ migrants come from? </li></ul><ul><li>How were they helped to migrate? </li></ul><ul><li>List the countries on the ‘non preferred’ list. Which jobs were open to them? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the ‘non – acceptable’ category? </li></ul><ul><li>How were Chinese migrants discriminated against? </li></ul><ul><li>Summarise the Extract from the exclusion order 1923 – in which ways was it morally questionable? </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Closed Door Policy 1930-1945 <ul><li>Why was immigration restricted during this time? </li></ul><ul><li>Read Immigration Act 1952. Why is it questionable morally and culturally? </li></ul>
  9. 9. 1960-1986 <ul><li>Canada moved from a racially motivated policy to one based on economic factors and skills. </li></ul><ul><li>A points system was introduced, to replace the ‘preferred/non preferred’ system </li></ul><ul><li>How does the 1970 Immigration Act reflect social and economic considerations? </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how is it morally and culturally more acceptable? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Iconic images of Canada
  11. 11. 1986-1993 Ageing population <ul><li>Pyramid shows bulge in econ active age groups – typical of in- migration </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing numbers of elderly dependents. </li></ul><ul><li>Fertility levels close to replacement level . </li></ul><ul><li>Canada at risk of underpopulation. </li></ul><ul><li>Migrants needed to improve demographic profile </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1993 to 2008 <ul><li>Points system still in place </li></ul><ul><li>Must gain 67 points for entry </li></ul><ul><li>See resource 32 for criteria. www.cic.gc.ca </li></ul><ul><li>Annual target of 320,000 migrants. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 3 types of migrant <ul><li>Temporary </li></ul><ul><li>Asylum seekers and refugees </li></ul><ul><li>Permanent migrants: </li></ul><ul><li>Independent class </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurial or self employed class </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Family class / Sponsorship scheme </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Canadian Experience Class </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Effects of the policy <ul><li>Most migrants go to the cities, despite </li></ul><ul><li>attempts to develop the large rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>By 2010 100% of the growth of Canada’s workforce has been due to immigration. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada competes with Australia and New Zealand for migrants to help it maintain its level of development </li></ul><ul><li>Immigration has always been in response to Canada’s economic or demographic needs! </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>CONSIDER HOW CANADA’S MIGRATION POLICY IS/ HAS BEEN SHAPED BY ECONOMIC, SOCIAL, CULTURAL AND MORAL CONSIDERATIONS! </li></ul>
  16. 16. The End Youtube ‘the canada song’

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