SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF<br />GANGS<br />FREMAN J. MURPHY<br />
Gangs- socially excluded, alienated individuals loosely organized with informal leadership<br /><ul><li>Gangs have been pa...
Bound by ethnicity, race, social class
Defined by a system of rules, rituals, and codes of behavior</li></li></ul><li>19th Century Gangs<br /><ul><li>Gangs were ...
Seen as normal adolescent peer activity from conventional to wild behavior</li></li></ul><li>Gangs – (cont’d)<br />Employ ...
Girls in Gangs<br />- Usually have been a runaway at least once due to family issues <br />Such as drug addiction, physica...
Gangs<br /><ul><li>Serve as a substitute family to members that join
Consist of a sense of empowerment amongst members defending a neighborhood, street, or territory
Financial gain through violent acts, criminal and delinquent</li></li></ul><li>Gangs- (cont’d)<br /><ul><li>Prevalent in n...
The absence of positive male role models is best predictor of gang membership</li></li></ul><li>Gangs and violence<br />Ga...
BLOODS<br /><ul><li>Founded in Los Angeles in 1970s
Initially formed to compete with the CRIPS
Identified by the color red
Made up of various sub groups known as “sets”
Each differ depending on colors, clothing, operations, political ideas
Have branched out across the US, including throughout the US military
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Sociological Study Of

  1. 1. SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY OF<br />GANGS<br />FREMAN J. MURPHY<br />
  2. 2. Gangs- socially excluded, alienated individuals loosely organized with informal leadership<br /><ul><li>Gangs have been part of US culture since 19th century
  3. 3. Bound by ethnicity, race, social class
  4. 4. Defined by a system of rules, rituals, and codes of behavior</li></li></ul><li>19th Century Gangs<br /><ul><li>Gangs were a means of economic survival
  5. 5. Seen as normal adolescent peer activity from conventional to wild behavior</li></li></ul><li>Gangs – (cont’d)<br />Employ distinctive symbols:<br />Style/color of dress<br />Hand signs<br />Tattoos<br />Graffiti<br />
  6. 6. Girls in Gangs<br />- Usually have been a runaway at least once due to family issues <br />Such as drug addiction, physical abuse, parent or parents in jail <br />
  7. 7. Gangs<br /><ul><li>Serve as a substitute family to members that join
  8. 8. Consist of a sense of empowerment amongst members defending a neighborhood, street, or territory
  9. 9. Financial gain through violent acts, criminal and delinquent</li></li></ul><li>Gangs- (cont’d)<br /><ul><li>Prevalent in neighborhoods where community network is weak
  10. 10. The absence of positive male role models is best predictor of gang membership</li></li></ul><li>Gangs and violence<br />Gang access to firearms increases lethal violence in incidents that could have been settled with less than lethal means<br />Youth membership involvement in weapon use, drugs, criminal activity increasing in the culture of gangs<br />
  11. 11. BLOODS<br /><ul><li>Founded in Los Angeles in 1970s
  12. 12. Initially formed to compete with the CRIPS
  13. 13. Identified by the color red
  14. 14. Made up of various sub groups known as “sets”
  15. 15. Each differ depending on colors, clothing, operations, political ideas
  16. 16. Have branched out across the US, including throughout the US military
  17. 17. Focus shifted to drug production with the rise of crack cocaine</li></li></ul><li>CRIPS<br /><ul><li>Founded in L.A. in 1970s
  18. 18. “Sets” often engaged in violence with one another
  19. 19. One of the largest and most violent gang
  20. 20. Known for use of color blue
  21. 21. Known criminal activity such as murder, robbery, drug dealing</li></li></ul><li>FACTORS FOR CHOOSING THE GANG LIFE<br />1.Continous crime exposure<br />2.Absent positive role models<br />3.No parental control in an unstable family life<br />4.Few economic opportunities that hinder self-sufficiency<br />5.Inadequate recreation/constructive activities for youth<br />
  22. 22. 6. Minimal employment opportunity<br />7. Education and skills limited<br />8. Enticed by power and money by way of drugs<br />9. Sense of belonging<br />10. Immediate gratification<br />11. Low self - esteem<br />Factors (cont’d)<br />
  23. 23. 58% OF JURISDICTIONS SURVEYED<br />REPORTED THAT THEY HAVE ACTIVE <br />YOUTH GANGS<br />THERE ARE AN ESTIMATED 23,388<br />YOUTH GANGS WITH 664,906 MEMBERS<br />IN ALL 50 STATES<br />(HUFF, 1998)<br />GANG STATS<br />
  24. 24. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kgTQ_DJvkZE<br />VIDEO<br />
  25. 25. Show them love<br />Talk and listen to your children<br />Supervise all activities<br />Help keep them involved in athletics and other activities that may interest them<br />Know their friends as well as their friends’ parents<br />Place a high value on education and encourage children to do well<br />Discuss dangers and consequences of joining a gang along with other illegal activities<br />What can parents do?<br />
  26. 26. Huff, R. (1998). Comparing the Criminal Behavior of Youth Gangs and At-Risk Youths. Retrieved May 12, 2009, from http://www.ncjrs.gov (n.d.). Retrieved May 13, 2009 <br />http://www.greensboro-nc.gov/departments/policy/prevention/gangs (n.d.). Retrieved May 11, 2009<br />(n.d.). Childrens Health Encyclopedia: gangs. Retrieved May 11, 2009, from www.answers.com/topic/gang<br />REFERENCE<br />

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