The Dust Bowl• Not only was the economy suffering but the 1930’s was also a time of a great natural disaster• Farmers have been making use of the Great Plains since the 1870’s overusing the soil and exhausting the underground water supply• The soil eventually turned into dust and as a regrettable coincidence a series of droughts plus heavy winds created the enormous catastrophe known as the Dust Bowl
Dust Bowl Contd.• Heavy winds carried the dust away in huge clouds that darkened the sky for mile, turning the Great Plains into a giant “Dust Bowl”• Many farmers in Oklahoma and elsewhere often abandoned their land
President Hoover• President Herbert Hoover rejected demands for jhefederal government to provide direct payments to the unemployed and needy• Hoover believed that when prices fell low enough, people would reume buying and employment would increase• Americans found Hoover’s inability to end the Great Depression frustrating• Shanty towns of the homeless and umemplohed were sarastically called hoovervilles
The New Deal• Franklin D. Roosevelt defeats Hoover in the presidential election of 1932• Made a promise called the “New Deal” to get America out of the Great Depression• Created many government programs to get involved and focused on poverty• Goal was to provide • Relief • Immediate “emergency” jobs provided by the government • Recovery • Tried to make Americans spend again • Reform • Long term efforts to avoid another “Great Depression”
Relief **Do NOT Write**• The Works Progress Administration (WPA) created many jobs. One of the WPA’s most enduring legacies is the art that it commissioned. Much WPA art was used to decorate public places, such as post offices and government buildings. This mural by William Gropper shows the building of a dam.
WPA• This mural by William Gropper shows the building of a dam.
The New Deal changed theRole of the Government• Restored confidence in the Stock Market and Bank systems• The government now establishes itself as being responsible for the nations economy• Even today the effects of the New Deal still are relevant today
Of the following New Deal programs, whichone do you think affects your life the most? FDIC SOCIAL SECURITY ACT• Insured bank deposits so • Provided workers with that, people would not unemployment lose their savings if a insurance, old age bank failed pensions, and insurance for their families if they died young.