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  1. 1. Group Members Rafat Mahmud Anjumand Ara Shabnam Nurul Islam
  2. 2. AbstractDefinition of leadershipCharacteristics of a leaderDifferent Leadership TheoriesLeader ship of Bill GatesBill Gates as a model of “leader”
  3. 3. What is leadership ? Leadership has been described as a process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task.
  4. 4. Characteristics of a Leader1. Integrity.2. Inspiring and Optimist.3. Enthusiastic and Courageous.4. Leading by Example.5. Charisma.
  5. 5. Bill Gates “BORN TO BE A LEADER”Most influential people in the world.Co-founder of Microsoft company.Windows is 92% in the operating system market.Time magazine named Gates one of the 100 peoplewho most influenced 20th century.
  6. 6. Education and way from childhood Started from Lakeside School, private school. Getting Introduced to computer. Wrote first computer program at the age of 13. Got into partnership with Paul Allen. In 1973, Gates entered Harvard University as a freshman and drop out in the middle.
  7. 7. Path-Goal theory analysisThe theory was developed to describe the way that leaders encourage and support their followers in achieving the goals they have been set by making the path that they should take clear and easy. In particular, Leaders Clarify the path so subordinates know which way to go.1. Remove roadblocks that are stopping them going there.2. Increasing the rewards along the route.
  8. 8. Figure of path goal theory Subordinate Contingencies •Perceived Ability •Locus of Control •ExperienceLeadership Styles Outcomes•Directive •Subordinate satisfaction•Supportive •Subordinate performance•Participative•Achievement-Oriented Environmental Contingencies •Task Structure •Formal Authority System •Primary Work Group
  9. 9. House and Mitchell (1974) describe four styles of leadership: House and Mitchell (1974) describe four styles of leadership:1. Supportive leadership2. Directive leadership3. Participative leadership4. Achievement-oriented leadership
  10. 10. Path-Goal variables and predictions Path-goal theory suggests two classes of contingency variables that moderate the leadership behavior-outcome relationship : 1. Environmental and contingency factors. 2. Sub-ordinate contingency factors.
  11. 11. Charismatic Leadership:In Dubrin’s book on leadership he suggests that charisma “involves a relationship between the leader and the people being led”.
  12. 12. Characteristics of a charismatic leader: (Comparison with Bill Gates)i) Having a Visionii) Willingness to take personal riskiii) Sensitiveness to followers neediv) Exhibit unusual behavior
  13. 13. Bill Gates as a Manager and a LeaderFocusThinking bigPassionLearning as a life-long processGiving back to society
  14. 14. Wrapping up“Embrace bad news to learn where you need the most improvement.” - Bill Gates
  15. 15. Question Time