Quark National Quiz Chennai finals


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Finals of the Quark National Quiz at Chennai
December 16, 2012

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Quark National Quiz Chennai finals

  1. 1. Infinite Bounce
  2. 2. 1 _____graphy originates from the early 1990s, when two students from Vienna inAustria first got their hands on the ______ Kompakt Automat - a pint-sized Russiancamera. They fell in love with the vibrant colours and deeply saturated finishproduced by the camera and after showing off their cameras to their pals at home,they wanted in on the act as well. As a result, the duo ended up bartering a dealwith the St Petersburg-based manufacturer for worldwide distribution and the restis history. The brand now has stores all over the world along with a huge onlinebusiness.Most _______graphic cameras are designed to produce photographic effects suchas "oversaturated colors, extreme optical distortions, rainbow-colored subjects,off-kilter exposure, blurring and alternative film processing, all things usuallyconsidered bad in photography. The philosophy behind _____graphy issummarized in its motto, "Don’t Think, Just Shoot." This motto is accompanied byThe Ten Golden Rules which are supposed to encourage spontaneity, odd angles,and taking photos anywhere, while minimizing considerations of formal technique.
  3. 3. Lomo(Any instagram users here?)
  4. 4. 2_________is a variation of stop motion animation, and was co-developedby Industrial Light & Magic and Phil Tippett.Stop motion animation can create a disorienting staccato effect, becausethe animated object is perfectly sharp in every frame, since each frame ofthe animation was actually shot when the object was perfectly still. Realmoving objects in similar scenes of the same movie will have motion blur.____________ was designed to prevent this, by moving the animatedmodel slightly during the exposure of each film frame, producing arealistic motion blur. This frame-by-frame, split-second motion is almostalways created with the help of a computer, often through rods connectedto a puppet or model which the computer manipulates to reproducemovements programmed in by puppeteers.__________ was originally planned to be used extensively for thedinosaurs in Jurassic Park, until Steven Spielberg decided to try out theswiftly developing techniques of computer-generated imagery instead (All blanks are the same)
  5. 5. Go motion
  6. 6. 3X was discoveredphotographically on January17, 1948, by an American, CarlX.It was in the news on the 13thof December 2012, asfragments of X were expected Photo of X in 2002to put on quite a show thatday.
  7. 7. • Comet Wirtanen (46P/Wirtanen), the debris tail of which caused a meteor shower (expected to be dubbed the “Piscids”) on the 13th of December
  8. 8. 4• V is a company (which is now the generic name for its product) that produced the first commercially marketed hook-and-loop system of its kind• NASA makes significant use of V. Each space shuttle has ten thousand inches of a special V made of loops, hooks, and glass backing. V is used everywhere, from the astronauts suits, to anchoring equipment. It is useful In the near weightless conditions in orbit
  9. 9. • Velcro
  10. 10. 5The X effect is the tendency of a spell checker to suggest orautocorrect with inappropriate wrds to replace misspelled wordsand words not in its dictionary.This term refers to the fact that the unhyphenated English word"cooperation" was often changed to X by older spellcheckers withdictionaries containing only the hyphenated variant, "co-operation".Examples of similar errors, including the common replacement of"definately" (misspelling of "definitely") with "defiantly," DeMecoRyans with "Demerol" (in the New York Times), Voldemort with"Voltmeter" (Denver Post), and the Muttahida Qaumi Movementbeing replaced with "Muttonhead Quail Movement" (in a Reutersarticle).
  11. 11. • The Cupertino Effect
  12. 12. 6• About 99% are the nuclei (stripped of their electron shells) of well-known atoms, and about 1% are solitary electrons (similar to beta particles). Of the nuclei, about 90% are simple protons, i. e. hydrogen nuclei; 9% are helium nuclei or alpha particles, and 1% are the nuclei of heavier elements. A very small fraction are stable particles of antimatter, such as positrons or antiprotons, and the precise nature of this remaining fraction is an area of active research.• What?
  13. 13. • Cosmic rays
  14. 14. 7• Ladies and Gentleman, thank you for being with us on this memorable occasion. There are no celebrities at this function nor any dance routines. The center of attraction for this mornings event is the new ______________ which we are unveiling. Were going to take you on a small journey. A journey that symbolizes the human spirit of change, the will to question the unquestionable, the drive to stretch the envelope. Ladies and gentleman, I invite you to join me in this journey of innovation and evolution. The quest to lead and the quest to conquer. It is this quest that led to the first manned flight by the Wright brothers. Today, thousands of aircrafts travel the skies carrying millions of passengers across the globe in safety and comfort. The same quest for leadership and conquering new frontiers led to landing man on the moon, an unheard of and unbelievable achievement at that time.
  15. 15. • TATA Nano
  16. 16. 8• Many explanations of the origin of the word ______ have proven difficult to verify. The most widely-held theory it is derived from the military designation for it, in the same way that the contemporary HMMWV (for High-Mobility Multi-purpose Wheeled Vehicle) has become known as the humvee.• As the only company that continually produced ________ after the war, in June 1950 Willys-Overland was granted the privilege of owning the name ______ as a registered trademark.• Under licence, Mitsubishi built more than 30 different ______ models under license in Japan between 1953 and 1998, and Mahindra built it in India.• The ______ brand is currently owned by the Chrysler Group. (All blanks identical)
  17. 17. 9Quote by Z : “As Chicago Mayor Harold Washington said of the corrupt former Mayor Daley, Im not glad hes dead, but Im glad hes gone. Nobody deserves to have to die – not X, not Mr Y, not even people guilty of bigger evils than theirs. But we all deserve the end of X malign influence on peoples computing. Unfortunately, that influence continues despite his absence. We can only hope his successors, as they attempt to carry on his legacy, will be less effective.”Id X, Y and Z
  18. 18. • X – Steve Jobs• Y – Bill Gates• Z – Richard Stallman Richard Stallman
  19. 19. 10The X problem occurs when a spam filter or search engine blocks e-mails or search results because their text contains a string of lettersthat are shared with an obscene word. While computers can easilyidentify strings of text within a document, broad blocking rules mayresult in false positives, causing innocent phrases to be blocked.The name of the problem originates from an incident in 1996 inwhich AOLs dirty-word filter prevented residents of the town of X,North Lincolnshire, England from creating accounts with AOL,because the towns name contains the substring cunt. Years later,Googles filters apparently made the same mistake, preventingresidents from searching for local businesses that included X in theirnames
  20. 20. The Scunthorpe problem
  21. 21. 11X Corporation is an American company involved in the research oflow-power computer display technology. It was founded by MaryLou Jepsen, who was previously the chief technical officer of theOne Laptop per Child project.The company designs liquid crystal displays (LCDs) that can belargely manufactured using the existing manufacturinginfrastructure for conventional LCDs. The advantage of thesedisplays is that they can be set to operate under transflective modeand reflective mode, improving eye-comfort, power usage, andvisibility under bright light.The first commercial device to use a X display, was the ARM-basedAdam tablet by Notion Ink, released January 2011.
  22. 22. 12The X Active Suspension system is a revolutionary new suspension system,designed by X Corporation.The system uses a linear electromagnetic motor at each wheel in lieu of aconventional shock-and-spring setup. Amplifiers provide electricity to themotors in such a way that their power is regenerated with eachcompression of the system.The system uses the motors to raise or lower the wheels of an automobilein response to uneven bumps or potholes on the road. The unevenness ofthe road is sensed, and a canceling wave is generated, which is applied tothe wheels through the linear motors. The wheels are raised whenapproaching a bump, or extended into a pothole, within milliseconds, thuskeeping the vehicle level.This technology uses similar principles to those used in an entirelydifferent field, that X is originally know internationally for.
  23. 23. Reverse Infinite Bounce
  24. 24. 1• Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German writer, artist, and politician. His body of work includes epic and lyric, poetry, prose, memoirs, an autobiography, literary and aesthetic criticism, treatises on botany, anatomy, and colour and four novels• Karl Friedrich Burdach and Goethe independently developed a field of biology which comes from the greek word for ‘form’• Which field?
  25. 25. • Morphology
  26. 26. 2Economics students at Lehigh University in Pennsylvania have calculatedthat it would require one quadrillion tons of steel to build a X.It would cost 13,000 times the worlds gross domestic product (GDP), or£541,261 trillion, to supply the steel for such a structure while labour andother construction costs would send the price even higher.They also worked out it would take more than 833,315 years at currentproduction levels to supply enough steel.On 13th December 2012, their petition passed the 25,000 signaturesneeded to be eligible for an official reply from the White House, yesterday,but the reply is realistically expected to be in the negative.ID X
  27. 27. The Death Star
  28. 28. 3James Heselden was a British entrepreneur. A former coal miner,Heselden made his fortune manufacturing military and floodbarrier systems.At 11:40 a.m. on 26 September 2010, West Yorkshire Policereceived reports of a man falling 213 feet (65 m) into the RiverWharfe, near Boston Spa, apparently having fallen from the cliffsabove.Investigators said, "At this time we do not believe the death to besuspicious" and were investigating as to "whether there was afault with his particular machine or it was driver error".What was Heselden driving?
  29. 29. The SegwayHeselden bought Segway in 2010
  30. 30. 4He is an Indian entrepreneur and policymaker. Currently Advisor tothe Prime Minister of India on Public Information Infrastructure &Innovations, he is considered one among many to be responsiblefor the telecommunication revolution in India and specifically, theubiquitous, yellow-signed Public Call Offices (PCO) that quicklybrought cheap and easy domestic and international publictelephones all over the country.He is also the founder & Chairman of C-SAM,a multinational company focusing on mobile payment solutions.He is a recipient of the Padma Bhushan, and the WorldTelecommunication and Information Society Award (conferred bythe International Telecommunication Union).
  31. 31. Sam Pitroda
  32. 32. 5American actress Heddy Lamarr, celebrated for hergreat beauty, was known to be mathematicallytalented. She co-invented—with composer GeorgeAntheil—an early technique for X, necessary forwireless communication.Her early patented version used a piano roll toaccomplish X, and was intended to make radio-guidedtorpedoes harder for enemies to detect or jam.Although a presentation of the technique was soonmade to the U.S. Navy, it met with opposition and wasnot adopted. The idea was not implemented in theUSA until 1962, when it was used by U.S. military shipsduring a blockade of Cuba after the patent had expiredModern variations of X are integral parts of CDMA,GSM, Wifi and Bluetooth standards.
  33. 33. Frequency-hopping / Frequency-hoppingspread spectrum
  34. 34. 6Originally this company started out selling the product ““_____’s ScouringSoup””. As incentives to customers they started giving baking powder for free.Soon their customers were more interested in the baking powder so theyswitched to selling that. They gave away ______’s along with baking powderand once again, their customers bought their products for their freebies. Thislead to founder start manufacturing his product X which comes in threevarieties and has remained relevant for over a 100 years.Id the product X.
  35. 35. Wrigley’s chewing gum
  36. 36. 7X is a parallel computing platform architecture and programming model createdby NVIDIA that enables dramatic increases in computing performance byharnessing the power of the graphics processing unit (GPU).Although GPUs cannot fully replace traditional CPUs and each GPU core runs atjust a few hundred Mhz, they have usually have hundreds of cores and are highlyefficient at performing repetitive tasks.X provides an architecture and a set of programming libraries that allow the use ofGPU cores for tasks other than graphics processing.Thus X compatible GPUs have become quite popular in scientific computing. (continued)
  37. 37. The CRAY Titan, which became the fastestsupercomputer in the world in November 2012 ,uses 46 Million Nvidia X Cores at 732 Mhz , and300,000 AMD x86 Cores.
  38. 38. 8In science, X is used as a heuristic (rule of thumb) to guide scientists in thedevelopment of theoretical models rather than as an arbiter betweenpublished models. It states that among competing hypothesis, the one withthe least assumptions must be selected. It is often the nettizen’s muse andalso featured in one of the first few episodes of the medical sitcom, ‘HouseMD’.ID X.
  39. 39. Occam’s razor.
  40. 40. 9This is from the memoirs of someones wife. When he went to meet hiswould-be-wifes father, he was wearing a bright red shirt. He told him that hewanted to become a politician with Communist party and wanted to open anorphanage (though his salary was not enough to support his family). Heproposed to his wife saying "I am only 54" tall. I come from a lower middleclass family. I can never become rich in my life & I can never give you anyriches." Nonetheless, she married him and rest is history. Who is this person?
  41. 41. Narayana Murthy
  42. 42. 10Yet another example ofproduct failures, thisshampoo which came tomarkets in the 1979 crashedspectacularly due tocustomers being too grossedout to apply something suchas yoghurt to their hair.Some reports attributed itsfailure to yet anotherreason.What could have possiblebeen the reason?
  43. 43. The largest thing on the bottle was Yoghurt, so people actually consumed it withdisastrous consequences.
  44. 44. 11• X’s contribution to biology is little known. Yet, his thoughts on the subject in a little green book in 1944 laid the foundation of molecular biology, DNA and RNA. Both Francis Crick and James D Watson claim the book was their inspiration.• X also proposed the X paradox- that the second law of thermodynamics is violated by life in isolated systems• Who is X?
  45. 45. • Schrodinger
  46. 46. 12
  47. 47. Pounce• +10• -5
  48. 48. 1 ConnectBreguet BlancpainJaquet Droz Glashütte OriginalLéon Hatot OmegaTiffany & Co. RadoLongines Union GlashütteTissot Calvin KleinCertina MidoPierre Balmain HamiltonFlik Flak Endura
  49. 49. • Brands owned by Swatch
  50. 50. 2The picture below shows a 2m statue of the dancing Shiva, unveiled at X. The statue, symbolizing Shivas cosmic dance of creation and destruction, was given to X by the Indian government to celebrate the research centres long association with India. Identify X.
  51. 51. Answer
  52. 52. 3 Connect.
  53. 53. 4 Funda behind the list (non-• Analog Clock exhaustive)?• Coca Cola Classic• Plain M&M’s• iPod Classic• Regular Cofee• Acoustic Guitar• Whole Milk• Star Trek : The Original Series• Star Wars Episode IV : A New Hope• Live music
  54. 54. • Retronym - A retronym is a type of neologism that provides a new name for an object or concept to differentiate its original form or version from a more recent form or version.
  55. 55. 5• X was the original English name of the first open- circuit, self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (or "SCUBA") to reach worldwide popularity and commercial success. This class of equipment is now commonly referred to as a diving regulator or demand valve.• A Spirotechnique (later X Spirotechnique) is a large and well-known French firm which makes scuba gear, scuba sets and other breathing apparati. It started making the so called X regulators, like the CG45 (1945) and the Mistral (1955), among others.• X is also the name of a highly successful music album released in 1971.
  56. 56. 6The X Rule was a tax plan proposed by President Barack Obama in2011. The tax plan would apply a minimum tax rate of 30 percenton individuals making more than a million dollars a year. Accordingto a White House official, the new tax rate would directly affect 0.3percent of taxpayers. The X Rule is named after American investor______ X, who publicly stated in early 2011 (and has said similarthings earlier too) that he disagreed with rich people, like himself,paying less in federal taxes, as a portion of income, than the middleclass, and voiced support for increased income taxes on thewealthy. In 2012, American magazine Time named X one of themost influential people in the world“Its class warfare, my class is winning, but they shouldnt be.” – X in2005
  57. 57. Buffet Rule
  58. 58. The ad round• Written• +10 for every correct answer• +30 for getting all correct
  59. 59. ID brand
  60. 60. Print Ad for?
  61. 61. Something has been blanked out. What?
  62. 62. • Answers
  63. 63. ID brand
  64. 64. Answer
  65. 65. Print Ad for?
  66. 66. Answer
  67. 67. Something has been blanked out. What?
  68. 68. KitKat
  69. 69. LVC- 9 elements, in three sets of 3- Connect all the elements to a common theme. Higher points for an earlier guess. Points: I: +40/-20 II: +20/-10 III: +10/-0
  70. 70. +40/-20• Guesses?
  71. 71. - Leonard
  72. 72. +20/-10• Guesses?
  73. 73. A to Z
  74. 74. Answer
  75. 75. Initially named Cadabra by Jeff Bezos
  76. 76. An Amazonian
  77. 77. Kindle Fire :P
  78. 78. Founded by ex Amazon employees
  79. 79. Taken over by Amazon
  80. 80. Douglas Hofstadter’s Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies Was the first book to be sold on Amazon - Leonard
  81. 81. Owned by Amazon
  82. 82. Part of the logo A to Z
  83. 83. A distribution centre
  84. 84. Congratulations to the winners! ₹10,000
  85. 85. Sponsors• Google Developers: Sponsor for Quark 2013• Dragonfly Education, Noida: Education Partners• Centre for Cellular and Molecular Platforms, Bangalore: Associate Sponsors