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The culture, norms, values of Singapore. All about Singapore in detail.

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  2. 2. Flag Description Red denotes brotherhood and equality; white signifies purity and virtue; the crescent moon symbolizes a young nation on the ascendancy; the five stars represent the nation's ideals of democracy, peace, progress, justice, and equality.
  3. 3. • “ The lion head symbolizes courage, strength and excellence, as well as resilience in the face of challenges. It is in solid red against a white background - the colors of the national flag. Its mane's five partings represent the same five ideals that are embodied in the five stars of the national flag, namely democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality.
  5. 5. Demographics Of Singapore Population Life Expectancy Health Expenditure 83.75 yrs 3.9% of GDP Death Rate Birth Rate 3.41 deaths per 1000 7.72 births per 1000 Rate Of Urbanization 5.26 m 0.9% rate of change
  6. 6. GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES Location SIZE Islands North of Equator Total area is 270 sq. miles 63 Terrain Lowland Geographical Importance
  7. 7. History •The earliest known settlement on Singapore was in the second century AD. •Between the 16th and early 19th centuries, it was part of the Sultanate of Johar. •In 1819, Thomas Stamford Raffles arrived and signed a treaty with Sultan Hussein Shah. •In 1824, the entire island became a British possession under a further treaty with the Sultan and the Temenggong. •By 1860, the population exceed 80,000, with over half of the population being Chinese.
  8. 8. Land and People • 77% Chinese, 14% Malay, 8% Indians. • The people of Singapore are predominantly Chinese. • With large Malay and Indian minorities. • Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism and Christianity are principal religions. • Malay, Tamil, Chinese and English are the languages spoken here. • People here are friendly and lively.
  9. 9. Cuisines
  10. 10. LANDMARKS Raffles Hotel Sultan Mosque New Parliament House A view of the Causeway The National Theatre St. Andrews Cathedral
  11. 11. Rivers • The Singapore River is a river in Singapore with great historical importance. • The northernmost part of the watershed becomes River Valley. • It is the place where Raffles made the 1st trading port in Singapore.
  12. 12. Climate • June, July and August are the most pleasant months to visit Singapore. • Singapore's climate is hot and humid. • The island lies only 1 degree north of the equator and thus has a tropical rain forest climate. • Another important influence on Singapore's climate is its maritime exposure.
  13. 13. Rainfall • Although the heaviest rain occurs from November through January. • Singapore residents experience rainfall almost every day. • Singapore's rainfall exceeds 90 inches per year. .
  14. 14. Temperature and Humidity • Singapore's close proximity to the equator means that its temperature and humidity remain relatively even throughout the year. • Its average daytime temperatures are around 87 degrees Fahrenheit. • The hottest weather occurs in April.
  15. 15. 1 2 3 4 5 • Lack of natural resources; Fishing and marine life exists • Small area of land is suitable for agricultural purposes. • Singapore is the world's third-largest oil-refining center. • The production of chemicals is the second leading industry • Human resource as the biggest natural resource.
  16. 16. Government • English common law • Constitution: The Constitution of Singapore is the supreme law of Singapore and it is a codified constitution.
  17. 17. Dr. Tony Tan Keng Yam Lee Hsien Loong
  18. 18. Free market economy 78% EMPLOYMENT TOURISM SINGAPORE GDP 4.9% Emerging Economies
  19. 19. Political Environment • Political ideology: Collectivism • Singapore’s government system revolves around a political ideology- meritocracy. • Singapore has a total of 43 active parties. • Singapore’s ruling party is the People’s Action Party (PAP).
  20. 20. Corporate Social Responsibility • The awareness and implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Singapore has been increasing over the past four years since the formation of the SINGAPORE COMPACT, a national society promoting CSR in Singapore
  21. 21. Singapore Airlines Community Welfare The Arts and Heritage
  22. 22. Education Sports
  23. 23. National Events
  24. 24. EXPORTS • World’s fourteenth largest exporter. • Singapore’s main exports are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Machinery and equipment. Electronics. Consumer goods Pharmaceuticals. Chemicals, and other mineral fuels.
  25. 25. IMPORTS • World’s fifteenth largest importer • The main imports are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Machinery and equipment. Mineral fuels. Chemicals. Foodstuffs. Consumer goods.
  27. 27.
  29. 29. • • • • • CONSCUIOUS OF THEIR HIERARCHIAL POSITION • DECISION CONFIRMED BY TOP MANAGEMENT POWER DISTANCE • A group oriented culture UNCERTAINITY AVOIODANCE COLLECTIVISM Preference of order Stability Continuity Risk aversion FEMINITY • • Caring for others quality of life
  30. 30. Sustainability regional and global hub of sustainability solutions Is efficient: we develop with less resources and waste Is clean: we develop without polluting our environment. Is green: we develop while preserving greenery, waterways and our natural heritage
  31. 31. Corruption • Singapore has constantly been ranked as one of the least corrupted countries globally. In fact, Singapore ranks as the fifth least corrupt country, behind New Zealand, Denmark, Finland and Sweden on the Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index 2012.
  32. 32. Trompenaar’s Cultural Dimensions
  33. 33. • Universalism • Individualism Particularism Communitarianism • Neutral Emotional • Specific Diffuse • Achievement Ascription • Outer Directed Inner Directed
  34. 34. Strategic Predisposition
  35. 35. Ethnocentric Predisposition Mission Governance Strategy Culture Personal Practices • profitability • Top-down • Global Integration • Home country • People of home country developed for key positions everywhere in the world
  37. 37. Doing Business In Singapore When seated, be careful not to cross your legs. Relationship with each group member Gifts are always appreciated Men usually wait for a woman to offer her hand first Avoid asking negative questions.
  38. 38. Organizational Culture in Singapore
  39. 39. 1. Attitude towards authority Status is ascribed to parent figures who are close and powerful. 2. Ways of motivating and rewards Intrinsic satisfaction is being loved and respected 3. Ways of thinking and learning Intuitive, holistic and error correcting 4. Relationship between employees Diffused relationships 5. Criticism and conflict resolution Save others face. Don’t lose power game.
  40. 40. Domestic Multiculturalism
  41. 41. GROUP THINK
  42. 42. Verbal Communication
  43. 43. Indirect Elaborate Contextual Affective • Implicit messages • Collective, hi gh context • High quantity of talk • Moderate uncertainty avoidance • Focus on the speaker ad role relationships • High power distance, collective • Process oriented and receiver focused language • Collective, hi gh context
  45. 45. Non Verbal Communication
  46. 46. KINESICS PROXEMICS Oculesics Less eye contact Haptics Large spaces CHRONEMICS CHROMATICS Polychronic time schdule Green colour is used for respect and worship.
  47. 47. Negotiation Style Attitudes and Styles • Distributive and contingency bargaining • Competitive style Sharing of Information • Spend considerable time • Some information is shared to build trust Pace of Negotiation Bargaining Decision Making Agreements and Contracts • slow and protracted • a holistic approach • be patient, control your emotions • love bargaining and haggling • bargaining stage of a negotiation can be extensive • avoid most aggressive or adversarial techniques • consensus-oriented group • moderate risk takers • consider the specifi c situation • written understandings after meetings • detailed terms and conditions • dependable and binding
  48. 48. Strategy Formulation and Implementation
  49. 49. Singapore Airlines Global Strategy Regional Economic Integration Economic Imperative Quality Imperative
  50. 50. Improvement of efficiency Access to knowledge ALLIANCE Mitigating political factors Restriction in competition
  51. 51. 1 2 3 4 5 6 • Employees are more highly motivated than their peers in Asia • involving them in the decision-making process • high flexibility in doing their jobs. • responsibility, autonomy and knowledge sharing. • acknowledged employees feelings and experiences. • Work-life balance, pay, and the availability of opportunities.
  52. 52. MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS Physiological Self Actualization Social Safety
  53. 53. Security Recognition Pay Job Status Relationships Family Hobby Responsibility Achievement Growth
  54. 54. Reward System • Competitive Salary • Performance-based Work Centrality
  55. 55. Theory Y Participative style Charismatic leaders Future Orientation Values Performance Orientation Authentic leadership
  57. 57. Peddy Tan Lek Hen • Age: 32 yrs. • • Founder of lost and found anti theft services • “When I was young, I saw myself starting my own business as an escape route to provide a better life for them,” .
  58. 58. Eric Feng • Age: 25 • Area 9 Training International • Provider of leadership,training,comm unications and brandings. • “Being a boss, a salesman, and a client all at once is a challenge you do not get anywhere else but in business.”