USESPassive sentences focus on the person or thing receiving an action. This camcorder was manufactured in Japan.Active sentences focus on the person or thing performing the action. Japan manufactured this camcorder.
STRUCTUREIn order to create a sentence using the passive, we use: OBJECT + BE + PAST PARTICIPLE My wallet was stolen.
TENSESWe can use the passive with different verb tenses: My wallet was stolen. My book is going to be reviewed. Apples are grown around here.
“BY PHRASE”If we want to mention the performer of the action, we use: BY + THE PERFORMER This sweater was made by my mom.
VERBSCan we use the passive with all types of verbs? Yes, we can use TRANSITIVE and INTRANSITIVE VERBS. No, we only use TRANSITIVE verbs.
CORRECT!We only use the passive withTRANSITIVE verbs, because they have anobject.
INCORRECT!The passive focuses on the object of the verbs,and INTRANSITIVE verbs DO NOT HAVE ANOBJECT!
ANALYSISIn case you want to talkabout a famous work of art,which grammaticalconstruction would youuse? The passive or theactive voice?
ANSWERIf you want to talk about a famous work of art, the best choice is to use the PASSIVE VOICE, since the important thing is the object of the action.
EXAMPLES:The “Mona Lisa” was painted by Leonardo da Vinci.The Statue of Liberty was build in 1886.The Taj Mahal was designed by the Emperor Shah Jahan.