Heart Disease Prevention

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Live a Healthy Lifestyle

-- Eat a healthy diet. Choosing healthful meal and snack options can help you avoid heart disease and its complications. Be sure to eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables.


-- Eating foods low in saturated fat and cholesterol and high in fiber can help prevent high blood cholesterol. Limiting salt or sodium in your diet can also lower your blood pressure.

-- Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight or obese can increase your risk for heart disease. To determine whether your weight is in a healthy range, doctors often calculate a number called the body mass index (BMI). Doctors sometimes also use waist and hip measurements to measure a person's excess body fat.

-- Exercise regularly. Physical activity can help you maintain a healthy weight and lower cholesterol and blood pressure. The Surgeon General recommends that adults should engage in moderate-intensity exercise for at least 30 minutes on most days of the week.

-- Don't smoke. Cigarette smoking greatly increases your risk for heart disease. So, if you don't smoke, don't start. If you do smoke, quitting will lower your risk for heart disease. Your doctor can suggest ways to help you quit.

-- Limit alcohol use. Avoid drinking too much alcohol, which causes high blood pressure. 

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Heart Disease Prevention

  1. 1. http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=618Fitango EducationHealth TopicsHeart Disease Prevention
  2. 2. 1What you can do**Live a Healthy Lifestyle**-- Eat a healthy diet. Choosing healthful meal andsnack options can help you avoid heart disease andits complications. Be sure to eat plenty of freshfruits and vegetables.
  3. 3. 2What you can do**Live a Healthy Lifestyle**-- Eating foods low in saturated fat and cholesteroland high in fiber can help prevent high bloodcholesterol. Limiting salt or sodium in your diet canalso lower your blood pressure.
  4. 4. 3What you can do**Live a Healthy Lifestyle**-- Maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight orobese can increase your risk for heart disease. Todetermine whether your weight is in a healthyrange, doctors often calculate a number called thebody mass index (BMI). Doctors sometimes alsouse waist and hip measurements to measure apersons excess body fat.
  5. 5. 4What you can do**Live a Healthy Lifestyle**-- Exercise regularly. Physical activity can help youmaintain a healthy weight and lower cholesteroland blood pressure. The Surgeon Generalrecommends that adults should engage inmoderate-intensity exercise for at least 30 minuteson most days of the week.
  6. 6. 5What you can do**Live a Healthy Lifestyle**-- Dont smoke. Cigarette smoking greatly increasesyour risk for heart disease. So, if you dont smoke,dont start. If you do smoke, quitting will loweryour risk for heart disease. Your doctor can suggestways to help you quit.-- Limit alcohol use. Avoid drinking too muchalcohol, which causes high blood pressure.
  7. 7. 6Lowering Your RiskIf you have high cholesterol, high blood pressure,or diabetes, there are steps you can take to loweryour risk for heart disease.Have your cholesterol checked. Your health careprovider should test your cholesterol levels at leastonce every five years. Talk with your doctor aboutthis simple blood test.
  8. 8. 7Lowering Your RiskMonitor your blood pressure. High blood pressurehas no symptoms, so be sure to have it checked ona regular basis.Manage your diabetes.If you have diabetes, closelymonitor your blood sugar levels. Talk with yourhealth care provider about treatment options.
  9. 9. 8Lowering Your RiskTake your medicine. If youre taking medication totreat high cholesterol, high blood pressure, ordiabetes, follow your doctors instructionscarefully. Always ask questions if you dontunderstand something.
  10. 10. 9Lowering Your RiskTalk with your health care provider. You and yourdoctor can work together to prevent or treat themedical conditions that lead to heart disease.Discuss your treatment plan regularly and bring alist of questions to your appointments.
  11. 11. 10Aspirin Use**Recommendations for Aspirin Use to ControlExisting Cardiovascular Disease**Aspirin can be beneficial to individuals who alreadyhave experienced a heart attack, stroke, angina orperipheral vascular disease, or have had certainprocedures such as angioplasty or bypass. Doctorsmay recommend aspirin use for persons with theseconditions unless there is another medical reasonwhy these individuals should not take aspirin.Because aspirin may not be the most effectivetherapy for everyone, other anti-platelet medicinesmay be used instead of aspirin or along withaspirin.
  12. 12. 11Aspirin Use**Recommendations for Aspirin Use to PreventCardiovascular Disease**Aspirin can be taken to prevent heart disease andstroke in some individuals who have not previouslyexperienced these events. The U.S. PreventiveServices Task Force (USPSTF) recommends thatmen with no history of heart disease or strokeaged 45-79 years use aspirin to prevent myocardialinfarctions and that women with no history ofheart disease or stroke aged 55-79 use aspirin toprevent stroke when the benefit of aspirin useoutweighs the potential harm of gastrointestinalhemorrhage or othe
  13. 13. 12Risk FactorsSome conditions as well as some lifestyle factorscan put people at a higher risk for developing heartdisease. All persons can take steps to lower theirrisk of heart disease and heart attack byaddressing these risk factors. Control of risk factorsis especially need by people who already haveheart disease.Conditions
  14. 14. 13Risk FactorsBehaviorHeredity

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