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The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they
become. The bacteria cause inflammation of the gums that is called
“gingivitis.” In gingivitis, the gums become red, swollen and can bleed
easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be
reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular cleaning by a
dentist or dental hygienist. This form of gum disease does not include
any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.

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  1. 1. EducationHealth TopicsGingivitis
  2. 2. 1OverviewThe longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, themore harmful theybecome. The bacteria cause inflammation of thegums that is called“gingivitis.” In gingivitis, the gums becomered, swollen and can bleed
  3. 3. 2Overvieweasily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease thatcan usually bereversed with daily brushing and flossing, andregular cleaning by adentist or dental hygienist. This form of gumdisease does not includeany loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth inplace.
  4. 4. 3SymptomsSymptoms of gum disease include:-- Bad breath that won’t go away-- Red or swollen gums-- Tender or bleeding gums
  5. 5. 4Symptoms-- Painful chewing-- Loose teeth-- Sensitive teeth-- Receding gums or longer appearing teethAny
  6. 6. 5Symptomsof these symptoms may be a sign of a seriousproblem, which should bechecked by a dentist.
  7. 7. 6DiagnosisAt your dental visit the dentist or hygienist should:-- Askabout your medical history to identify underlyingconditions or riskfactors (such as smoking) that may contribute togum disease.
  8. 8. 7Diagnosis-- Examine your gums and note any signs ofinflammation.-- Usea tiny ruler called a “probe” to check for andmeasure any pockets. In ahealthy mouth, the depth of these pockets isusually between 1 and 3
  9. 9. 8Diagnosismillimeters. This test for pocket depth is usuallypainless.
  10. 10. 9TreatmentThe main goal of treatment is to control theinfection. The numberand types of treatment will vary, depending on theextent of the gumdisease. Any type of treatment requires that thepatient keep up good
  11. 11. 10Treatmentdaily care at home. The doctor may also suggestchanging certainbehaviors, such as quitting smoking, as a way toimprove treatmentoutcome.The dentist, periodontist, or dental hygienistremoves the plaque
  12. 12. 11Treatmentthrough a deep-cleaning method called scaling androot planing. Scalingmeans scraping off the tartar from above andbelow the gum line. Rootplaning gets rid of rough spots on the tooth rootwhere the germs
  13. 13. 12Treatmentgather, and helps remove bacteria that contributeto the disease. Insome cases a laser may be used to remove plaqueand tartar. Thisprocedure can result in less bleeding, swelling, anddiscomfort comparedto traditional deep cleaning methods.
  14. 14. 13CausesOur mouths are full of bacteria. Thesebacteria, along with mucus andother particles, constantly form a sticky, colorless“plaque” on teeth.Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Plaquethat is not
  15. 15. 14Causesremoved can harden and form “tartar” thatbrushing doesn’t clean. Only aprofessional cleaning by a dentist or dentalhygienist can removetartar.
  16. 16. 15Prevention-- Brush your teeth twice a day (with a fluoridetoothpaste).-- Flossregularly to remove plaque from between teeth.Or use a device such as a
  17. 17. 16Preventionspecial brush or wooden or plastic pickrecommended by a dentalprofessional.-- Visit the dentist routinely for a check-up andprofessional cleaning.-- Don’t smoke