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Chicken Pox

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Chickenpox is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It causes a blister-like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever. Chickenpox can be serious, especially in babies, adults, and people with weakened immune systems. It spreads easily from infected people to others who have never had chickenpox or received the chickenpox vaccine. Chickenpox spreads in the air through coughing or sneezing. It can also be spread by touching or breathing in the virus particles that come from chickenpox blisters.
The best way to prevent chickenpox is to get the chickenpox vaccine. Before the vaccine, about 4 million people would get chickenpox each year in the United States. Also, about 10,600 people were hospitalized and 100 to 150 died each year as a result of chickenpox.

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Chicken Pox

  1. 1. http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=210Fitango EducationHealth TopicsChicken Pox
  2. 2. 1OverviewChickenpox is a very contagious disease caused bythe varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It causes a blister-like rash, itching, tiredness, and fever. Chickenpoxcan be serious, especially in babies, adults, andpeople with weakened immune systems. It spreadseasily from infected people to others who havenever had chickenpox or received the chickenpoxvaccine. Chickenpox spreads in the air throughcoughing or sneezing. It can also be spread bytouching or breathing in the virus particles thatcome f
  3. 3. 2OverviewThe best way to prevent chickenpox is to get thechickenpox vaccine. Before the vaccine, about 4million people would get chickenpox each year inthe United States. Also, about 10,600 people werehospitalized and 100 to 150 died each year as aresult of chickenpox.
  4. 4. 3SymptomsAnyone who hasn’t had chickenpox or received thechickenpox vaccine can get the disease.Chickenpox most commonly causes an illness thatlasts about 5-10 days.
  5. 5. 4SymptomsThe classic symptom of chickenpox is a rash thatturns into itchy, fluid-filled blisters that eventuallyturn into scabs. The rash may first show up on theface, chest, and back then spread to the rest of thebody, including inside the mouth, eyelids, orgenital area. It usually takes about one week for allthe blisters to become scabs.Other typical symptoms that may begin to appear1-2 days before rash include:
  6. 6. 5Symptoms-- high fever-- tiredness-- loss of appetite-- headache-- Children usually miss 5 to 6 days of school orchildcare due to their chickenpox.
  7. 7. 6Symptoms**Vaccinated Persons**Some people who have been vaccinated againstchickenpox can still get the disease. However, thesymptoms are usually milder with fewer blistersand mild or no fever. About 25% to 30% ofvaccinated people who get chickenpox will developillness as serious as chickenpox in unvaccinatedpersons.
  8. 8. 7Symptoms**People at Risk for Severe Chickenpox**Some people who get chickenpox may have moresevere symptoms and may be at higher risk forcomplications. For more information, seecomplications.
  9. 9. 8TreatmentThere are several things that can be done at hometo help relieve the symptoms and prevent skininfections. Calamine lotion and colloidal oatmealbaths may help relieve some of the itching.Keeping fingernails trimmed short may helpprevent skin infections caused by scratchingblisters.
  10. 10. 9Treatment**Over-the-counter Medications**Use non-aspirin medications, such asacetaminophen, to relieve fever from chickenpox.
  11. 11. 10Treatment**Over-the-counter Medications**Do not use aspirin or aspirin-containing productsto relieve fever from chickenpox. The use of aspirinin children with chickenpox has been associatedwith Reye’s syndrome, a severe disease that affectsthe liver and brain and can cause death.When to Call the Health Care Provider
  12. 12. 11Treatment**Over-the-counter Medications**For people with chickenpox at risk of seriouscomplications, call a health care provider if theperson:-- is older than 12 years of age-- has a weakened immune system-- is pregnant
  13. 13. 12Treatment**Over-the-counter Medications**-- develops any of the following:-- fever that lasts longer than 4 days-- fever that rises above 102°F (38.9°C)
  14. 14. 13Treatment**Over-the-counter Medications**-- any areas of the rash or any part of the bodybecomes very red, warm, or tender, or beginsleaking pus (thick, discolored fluid), since thesesymptoms may indicate a bacterial infection-- extreme illness-- difficult waking up or confused demeanor-- difficulty walking
  15. 15. 14Treatment**Over-the-counter Medications**-- stiff neck-- frequent vomiting-- difficulty breathing-- severe cough
  16. 16. 15Treatment**Treatments Prescribed by Your Doctor for Peoplewith Chickenpox**Your health care provider can advise you ontreatment options. Antiviral medications arerecommended for people with chickenpox who aremore likely to develop serious disease including:-- otherwise healthy people older than 12 years ofage
  17. 17. 16Treatment**Treatments Prescribed by Your Doctor for Peoplewith Chickenpox**-- people with chronic skin or lung disease-- people receiving steroid therapy-- some groups of pregnant women
  18. 18. 17Treatment**Treatments Prescribed by Your Doctor for Peoplewith Chickenpox**-- Acyclovir, an antiviral medication, is licensed fortreatment of chickenpox. Other antiviralmedications that may also work against chickenpoxinclude valacyclovir and famciclovir.
  19. 19. 18PreventionThe best way to prevent chickenpox is to get thechickenpox vaccine. Children, adolescents, andadults should have two doses of chickenpoxvaccine.
  20. 20. 19PreventionChickenpox vaccine is very safe and effective atpreventing the disease. Most people who get thevaccine will not get chickenpox. If a vaccinatedperson does get chickenpox, it is usually mild—with fewer blisters and mild or no fever. Thechickenpox vaccine prevents almost all cases ofsevere disease.For more information about chickenpox vaccine,see Vaccination.
  21. 21. 20PreventionFor people exposed to chickenpox, call a healthcare provider if the person:-- has never had chickenpox disease and is notvaccinated with the chickenpox vaccine-- has a weakened immune system caused bydisease or medication; for example,-- People with HIV/AIDS or cancer
  22. 22. 21Prevention-- Patients who have had transplants, and-- People on chemotherapy, immunosuppressivemedications, or long-term use of steroids-- is pregnant
  23. 23. 22Additional ResourcesMayo Clinic

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