Fitango Education          Health Topics                   Anorexia Nervosahttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33
Overview   Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that makes   people lose more weight than is considered   healthy for th...
Symptoms   To be diagnosed with anorexia, a person must:   •    Have an intense fear of gaining weight or   becoming fat, ...
Symptoms   •     Have a body image that is very distorted, be   very focused on body weight or shape, and refuse   to admi...
Symptoms   •    Cutting food into small pieces or moving   them around the plate instead of eating   •    Exercising all t...
Symptoms   •      Using pills to make themselves urinate   (water pills or diuretics), have a bowel movement   (enemas and...
Symptoms   •   Confused or slow thinking, along with poor   memory or judgment   •     Depression   •     Dry mouth   •   ...
Symptoms   •     Wasting away of muscle and loss of body fathttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33            7
Diagnosis   Tests should be done to help find the cause of   weight loss, or see what damage the weight loss   has caused....
Diagnosis   Bone density test to check for thin bones   (osteoporosis)   CBC   Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)   Electrolyt...
Diagnosis   Liver function tests   Total protein   Thyroid function tests   Urinalysishttp://www.fitango.com/categories.ph...
Treatment   The biggest challenge in treating anorexia nervosa   is helping the person recognize that he or she has   an i...
Treatment   The goals of treatment are to restore normal body   weight and eating habits. A weight gain of 1 - 3   pounds ...
Treatment   •     Using schedules for eating   Many patients start with a short hospital stay and   continue to follow-up ...
Treatment   •     The person has lost a lot of weight (being   below 70% of their ideal body weight for their age   and he...
Treatment   •     Medical complications, such as heart   problems, confusion, or low potassium levels   develop   •    The...
Treatment   •     Physicians   •     Physician assistants   •     Nutritionists or dietitians   •     Mental health care p...
Treatment   Treatment is often very difficult, and patients and   their families must work hard. Many therapies may   be t...
Treatment   •     Cognitive behavioral therapy (a type of talk   therapy), group therapy, and family therapy have   all be...
Treatment   •     If the patient is young, therapy may involve   the whole family. The family is seen as a part of the   s...
Treatment   Medications such as   antidepressants, antipsychotics, and mood   stabilizers may help some anorexic patients ...
Treatment   •     Olanzapine (Zyprexa, Zydis) or other   antipsychoticshttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33     21
Causes   The exact causes of anorexia nervosa are not   known. Many factors probably are involved. Genes   and hormones ma...
Causes   Risk factors for anorexia include:• Being more   worried about, or paying more attention to, weight   and shape  ...
Causes   •     Having certain social or cultural ideas about   health and beauty   •     Trying to be perfect or overly fo...
Causes   Anorexia usually begins during the teen years or   young adulthood. It is more common in   females, but may also ...
Additional Resources   Medline   Womens Health.govhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33   26
Anorexia Nervosa
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Anorexia Nervosa

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Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that makes people lose more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height. People with this disorder may have an intense fear of weight gain, even when they are underweight. They may diet or exercise too much, or use other methods to lose weight.

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Anorexia Nervosa

  1. 1. Fitango Education Health Topics Anorexia Nervosahttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33
  2. 2. Overview Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder that makes people lose more weight than is considered healthy for their age and height. People with this disorder may have an intense fear of weight gain, even when they are underweight. They may diet or exercise too much, or use other methods to lose weight.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 1
  3. 3. Symptoms To be diagnosed with anorexia, a person must: • Have an intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even when she is underweight • Refuse to keep weight at what is considered normal for her age and height (15% or more below the normal weight)http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 2
  4. 4. Symptoms • Have a body image that is very distorted, be very focused on body weight or shape, and refuse to admit the seriousness of weight loss • Have not had a period for three or more cycles (in women) People with anorexia may severely limit the amount of food they eat, or eat and then make themselves throw up. Other behaviors include:http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 3
  5. 5. Symptoms • Cutting food into small pieces or moving them around the plate instead of eating • Exercising all the time, even when the weather is bad, they are hurt, or their schedule is busy • Going to the bathroom right after meals • Refusing to eat around other peoplehttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 4
  6. 6. Symptoms • Using pills to make themselves urinate (water pills or diuretics), have a bowel movement (enemas and laxatives), or decrease their appetite (diet pills) Other symptoms of anorexia may include: • Blotchy or yellow skin that is dry and covered with fine hairhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 5
  7. 7. Symptoms • Confused or slow thinking, along with poor memory or judgment • Depression • Dry mouth • Extreme sensitivity to cold (wearing several layers of clothing to stay warm) • Loss of bone strengthhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 6
  8. 8. Symptoms • Wasting away of muscle and loss of body fathttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 7
  9. 9. Diagnosis Tests should be done to help find the cause of weight loss, or see what damage the weight loss has caused. Many of these tests will be repeated over time to monitor the patient. These tests may include: Albuminhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 8
  10. 10. Diagnosis Bone density test to check for thin bones (osteoporosis) CBC Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) Electrolytes Kidney function testshttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 9
  11. 11. Diagnosis Liver function tests Total protein Thyroid function tests Urinalysishttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 10
  12. 12. Treatment The biggest challenge in treating anorexia nervosa is helping the person recognize that he or she has an illness. Most people with anorexia deny that they have an eating disorder. People often enter treatment only once their condition is serious.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 11
  13. 13. Treatment The goals of treatment are to restore normal body weight and eating habits. A weight gain of 1 - 3 pounds per week is considered a safe goal. A number of different programs have been designed to treat anorexia. Sometimes the person can gain weight by:• Increasing social activity • Reducing the amount of physical activityhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 12
  14. 14. Treatment • Using schedules for eating Many patients start with a short hospital stay and continue to follow-up with a day treatment program. A longer hospital stay may be needed if:http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 13
  15. 15. Treatment • The person has lost a lot of weight (being below 70% of their ideal body weight for their age and height). For severe and life- threatening malnutrition, the person may need to be fed through a vein or stomach tube. • Weight loss continues even with treatmenthttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 14
  16. 16. Treatment • Medical complications, such as heart problems, confusion, or low potassium levels develop • The person has severe depression or thinks about committing suicide Care providers who are usually involved in these programs include: • Nurse practitionershttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 15
  17. 17. Treatment • Physicians • Physician assistants • Nutritionists or dietitians • Mental health care providershttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 16
  18. 18. Treatment Treatment is often very difficult, and patients and their families must work hard. Many therapies may be tried until the patient overcomes this disorder. Patients may drop out of programs if they have unrealistic hopes of being "cured" with therapy alone. Different kinds of talk therapy are used to treat people with anorexia:http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 17
  19. 19. Treatment • Cognitive behavioral therapy (a type of talk therapy), group therapy, and family therapy have all been successful. • The goal of therapy is to change patients thoughts or behavior to encourage them to eat in a healthier way. This kind of therapy is more useful for treating younger patients who have not had anorexia for a long time.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 18
  20. 20. Treatment • If the patient is young, therapy may involve the whole family. The family is seen as a part of the solution, instead of the cause of the eating disorder. • Support groups may also be a part of treatment. In support groups, patients and families meet and share what theyve been through.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 19
  21. 21. Treatment Medications such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, and mood stabilizers may help some anorexic patients when given as part of a complete treatment program. Examples include: • Antidepressants, especially selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs)http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 20
  22. 22. Treatment • Olanzapine (Zyprexa, Zydis) or other antipsychoticshttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 21
  23. 23. Causes The exact causes of anorexia nervosa are not known. Many factors probably are involved. Genes and hormones may play a role. Social attitudes that promote very thin body types may also be involved. Family conflicts are no longer thought to contribute to this or other eating disorders.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 22
  24. 24. Causes Risk factors for anorexia include:• Being more worried about, or paying more attention to, weight and shape • Having an anxiety disorder as a child • Having a negative self-image • Having eating problems during infancy or early childhoodhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 23
  25. 25. Causes • Having certain social or cultural ideas about health and beauty • Trying to be perfect or overly focused on ruleshttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 24
  26. 26. Causes Anorexia usually begins during the teen years or young adulthood. It is more common in females, but may also be seen in males. The disorder is seen mainly in white women who are high academic achievers and who have a goal- oriented family or personality.http://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 25
  27. 27. Additional Resources Medline Womens Health.govhttp://www.fitango.com/categories.php?id=33 26

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