Japan cat 4 29


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Japan cat 4 29

  1. 1. Origins of Japan prior to WW2Japan developed in relative isolationJapan is a very homogenous society. 99% Japanese - ethnically pureBorrowed heavily from China and KoreaShinto, Buddhist, Confucian religionSamurai code
  2. 2. Early Western Contact● In the late 1500s Dutch and Portuguese ships arrived and attempted toestablish trade bases in Japan● Japanese had a negative reaction to outsiders, and isolated Japan by law fromthe rest of the world for hundreds of years.
  3. 3. Beginning of Modern Japan- In 1848, Admiral Perry, an American representative forced Japan to openup to American traders- The Japanese were overwhelmed and awed by the white mans level oftechnological achievement
  4. 4. Japan wants a modern empire● The Japanese immediately wanted to catch up to the Americans and Europeans,and to copy their empire model● Japan hires outside experts to help them become modern. Examples:● - retired German officers for building a modern military● - British engineers for building railroads and telegraph lines● - French lawyers for creating a modern legal & government system● - American businessmen for developing a modern economy and manufacturing● In addition, Japan sends its best and brightest students to study abroad inAmerican and European universities and technical schools and bring thatknowledge back to Japan.● The late 1800s are a time of great change in Japan, old ways are pushed aside asJapan attempts to begin establishing their own empire. Meiji Period – Japan formsa modern government with an emperor figurehead
  5. 5. ●‘Last Samurai’ – Tom Cruise an American military experttravels to Japan in the 1880’s to help Japan build a modernmilitary
  6. 6. Japanese expansion begins● Japan lacks the necessary resources required for industrialization and beginsconquest into other parts of Asia for resources and living space● 1890s – invasions of Korea, Taiwan● 1905 – Russian/Japanese war. Wins naval battle for control of Korea & Manchuria● 1914 (WW1) – takes several small German owned Pacific islands
  7. 7. Japan invades China● By 1931 Japan is a major regional power and invades Manchuria● By 1937 Japan launches a n invasion of China and commits severe crimes againsthumanity there, and behaves more aggressively towards all of its neighbors ingeneral RAPE OF NANJING● Alliance with Germany and Italy 1937 Anti-Comintern Pact● Japanese loose battle of Khalkin Gol against USSR in 1939 and then decide it isbetter to expand in the South Pacific● Official military alliance with Germany and Italy 1940 Tripartite Pact● America stops trading with Japan, Japan is most affected by the loss of American oiland steel 1941● European colonies in Asia are easy targets after WW2 starts in Europe● Japan has an Emperor Hirohito figurehead who is considered a God. In reality thegovernment is controlled by a military council lead by Hideki Tojo
  8. 8. Japan attacks America & European possessions● Japan attacks the U.S. At Pearl Harbor, Dec 7 1941● Japan cripples our fleet, and attacks everywhere in the Pacific● U.S.A. declares war on Japan and enters WW2● Brought to you by the following sponsors
  9. 9. ●Pearl Harbor● Pearl Harbor 2 ½ minutes● Absent students watchhttp://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=pearl+harbor&view=detail&mid=CFA2964745024B069063CFA2964745024B069063&first=0&FORM=NVPFVR
  10. 10. War in the Pacific● Japan did not destroy U.S. aircraft carries at Pearl Harbor● U.S. enters WW2 against Japan, Germany, & Italy December 1941● Priority is to defeat Germany first, help Great Britain, USSR & China● Lend-Lease Give food, weapons, vehicles, supplies to allies, they canpay us back later …… U.S. is the Arsenal of Democracy● Battle of the Coral Sea, May 1942 U.S. aircraft carriers stop Japanesesurrounding Australia● Battle of Midway 1942 turning point Japan launches its aircraft carriersat Midway Island (near Hawaii) in an attempt to find and destroy the smallU.S. aircraft carrier group in the Pacific. U.S. breaks Japanese codes, sinksseveral Japanese carriers, Janan now on the defensive – U.S. offensive● U.S. economy now in a state of Total War, fast, massive growth ofmilitary & industrial war production
  11. 11. ●Battle of the Coral Sea, May 1942
  12. 12. ●Midway & coral sea● Coral sea 2 ½ minutes http://military.discovery.com/tv-shows/world-war-ii-in-color/videos/world-war-ii-in-color-battle-of-the-coral-sea.htm#mkcpgn=snag1● Midway 2 ½ minuteshttp://www.bing.com/videos/search?q=pearl+harbor&view=detail&mid=CFA2964745024B069063CFA2964745024B069063&first=0&FORM=NVPFVR
  13. 13. Japan swarms the Pacific● Japan takes the Philippines from the U.S. Captures 70,000 U.S. Soldiers. BataanDeath March● U.S. POWs are tortured and marched to prison camps where they suffer inhumanetreatment for several years
  14. 14. Japanese Empire WW2● Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere – name that the Japanese usefor their empire, it is supposed to convince other Asians to cooperate● Japanese use propaganda to convince many Asians to rebel against theirEuropean masters & work for the Japanese● Cruel treatment & forced labor of other Asians happens very quickly● Japanese believe in their own racial superiority, exterminate Chinese,colonize China● Kamikaze - ritual suicide & death rather than surrender to your enemy.U.S. captures few prisoners during the war, most commit suicide -Kamikazi
  15. 15. ●Japanese Empire WW2● Majority of Japanese army fights in China during WW2Navy, Air Force & Marines fight against Americans● Japanese believe democracies cannot tolerate lots of violence over a longperiod of time……. So even though the U.S. is bigger & stronger …….Make the U.S. suffer many bloody casualties so the U.S. will make a peaceagreement & leave Japan alone● As the U.S. gets closer & closer to Japan…… Japanese become moreviolent - suicidal● By 1944-1945 U.S. submarines have destroyed most merchant shipping.The U.S. Air Force bombs Japanese cities on a regular basis, but Japanrefuses to surrender
  16. 16. Island Hopping
  17. 17. ●Short movie links● B29 bombing tokyo, cool footage of straffing jap trains● http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5g571TQHDvU● U.S. B24 shot down 1:30minhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lioRCye2Dug&NR=1&feature=fvwp● Fight on U.S.. Carrier deck…. Not too bad 4 minhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=WPa_KyimFOk&feature=endscreen● Okinawa in color 3 min http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-aduLWX2p-g● Good kamikazi air battle – okinawa 9 minhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-aduLWX2p-g
  18. 18. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJ_Ic4KFnaA&feature=related10 MINUTE AMPHIBIOUS LANDING DOChttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kh72XctOv5M GEORGE BUSH PILOT RESCUEhttp://youtu.be/yqnqLblyNa4 THE PACIFIC, PELELIE, MORTAR ATTACKhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hziFBOx4yqc&feature=relatedKAMIKAZE ATTACKS ON OUR AIRCRAFT CARRIERShttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=65EShYbK5ww JAP CIVILIAN SUICIDES