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Traceability andcertification in the PNAand global tuna markets    Coral Triangle Fishers Forum II, Lami, Fiji            ...
PNA – 8 island nations in an area 40%        bigger than the EU ,
Market import requirementsReally 2 areas :-Import Catch Documentation Scheme [CDS]• USA• EU• ICCATConsumer demanded / NGO ...
US Government• EPO Yellowfin must meet requirements of USG  dolphin safe standards for EPO, and drift net  prohibition glo...
EC Regulations - Ms Damanaki answer on           behalf of the Commission• “The Agreement on the International Dolphin Con...
Dolphin safe
Dolphin safe               PNA               DOLPHIN               SAFE ???
AIDCP• Successful IATTC observer backed scheme, based  on mitigation of dolphin mortality.• Dolphin safe scheme traces fro...
EII - Dolphin safe [single species]• Claimed certification means   •no targeting dolphins,   •no IUU, [since 2009]   •no s...
EII Membership requirement• Members sign declarations of EII, “International - dolphin safe  policy”.• Pay “voluntary” fee...
Dolphin conservation or extortion?Recent Examples of EII as an action group:• Solomon islands: Government and investors he...
Invisible to EII
5Traceability test: Audits must include a test at the beginning and at the end of one ormore batches of the finished produ...
FOS free school certification• Proposed new scheme with FOS working with large  industry players, to offer alternative to ...
MSC premiumsoffer aneconomicincentive totarget maturefree schoolskipjack andavoid bye catchissues of FADsand juveniles
Overview of the PNA MSC COC          Responsibility of PNA -          PNAO and Authorities
MSC Batch Approval        De-briefing                                                             Specific training in MSC...
Greenpeace campaigner Sari Tolvanen                     says:“The overarching standards imposed by  MSC on the [PNA] produ...
Traceability Certification PNA Global Tuna Market
Traceability Certification PNA Global Tuna Market
Traceability Certification PNA Global Tuna Market
Traceability Certification PNA Global Tuna Market
Traceability Certification PNA Global Tuna Market
Traceability Certification PNA Global Tuna Market
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Traceability Certification PNA Global Tuna Market

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Traceability Certification PNA Global Tuna Market

  1. 1. Traceability andcertification in the PNAand global tuna markets Coral Triangle Fishers Forum II, Lami, Fiji 18 June 2012
  2. 2. PNA – 8 island nations in an area 40% bigger than the EU ,
  3. 3. Market import requirementsReally 2 areas :-Import Catch Documentation Scheme [CDS]• USA• EU• ICCATConsumer demanded / NGO driven perception of sustainability :-• Dolphin safe AIDCP, EII, FOS• MSC• Pacifical
  4. 4. US Government• EPO Yellowfin must meet requirements of USG dolphin safe standards for EPO, and drift net prohibition globally. No issue for Skipjack.• US Department of Commerce, also has own “Dolphin Safe”Outside EPO , US imports only require NOAA 370 form declaring origin.NO DOLPHIN SAFE REQUIREMENT OTHERWISE
  5. 5. EC Regulations - Ms Damanaki answer on behalf of the Commission• “The Agreement on the International Dolphin Conservation Program (AIDCP) has established a Dolphin Safe Tuna certificate and label. Its use is voluntary. Therefore, market operators are free to decide whether to use it or not and, in either case, they can sell their products in the EU market.”• Council Regulation (EC) No 882/2003(1) transposed the AIDCP Dolphin Safe Tuna into Union law without, however, either making it compulsory or imposing it as the sole scheme available. This decision is due to the fact that other similar labels with similar objectives might exist (and in fact do exist). Furthermore, tuna fished outside the Eastern Pacific Ocean could not receive an AIDCP dolphin safe label, on a simple geographical origin principle, even in the event where the fishing activities are carried out in accordance with the criterion of the AIDCP.
  6. 6. Dolphin safe
  7. 7. Dolphin safe PNA DOLPHIN SAFE ???
  8. 8. AIDCP• Successful IATTC observer backed scheme, based on mitigation of dolphin mortality.• Dolphin safe scheme traces from net to retail with full traceability and verification.• Only applies to EPO yellowfin• Recognized by governments internationally.• Recognised by FAO and leading NGOs• Opposed by EII
  9. 9. EII - Dolphin safe [single species]• Claimed certification means •no targeting dolphins, •no IUU, [since 2009] •no shark finning, •no drift net, •by-catch reduction, and •no fishing in Marine Protected Areas ,Reality:• Nil observer coverage at sea.• Self declaration by companies with no verification.• Industry pressured in media /trade to join or face embargos .• Widely documented as a worthless scheme
  10. 10. EII Membership requirement• Members sign declarations of EII, “International - dolphin safe policy”.• Pay “voluntary” fees, and expenses for EII visits.• Undertake not to buy from, process or sell to non EII members.• Provide regular reports of trade to EII.• Open books to inspection by EII to verify suppliers, processors, traders and markets, who are then targeted• This is then a EII “Dolphin Safe”• company, and captains can self certify catch compliance, with no verification or validity as documented globally• In Eu use of registered “dolphin safe” logo means paying royalties to EII as well
  11. 11. Dolphin conservation or extortion?Recent Examples of EII as an action group:• Solomon islands: Government and investors held to ransom over customary harvest and limited live trade in dolphin.• Maldives: government, resort developers, tuna processors and artisanal tuna industry held to ransom over proposed dolphin show investment.• Challenge EPO yellowfin Trade under IATTC scheme,• PNA / Pacifical MSC – global industry blackmailed not to support unless we subscribe to EII and allow them to dictate with whom we trade.• Attacking retailers using alternative certification
  12. 12. Invisible to EII
  13. 13. 5Traceability test: Audits must include a test at the beginning and at the end of one ormore batches of the finished product, contemplating suitable mass budgets, bills,invoices and all relevant documents to prove origin of the product and his conformityto the standard. [Required to be an EII member]
  14. 14. FOS free school certification• Proposed new scheme with FOS working with large industry players, to offer alternative to MSC.• PNA FAD closure can not be validly certified Free school catch despite claims.• Scheme has no observers or validation at sea set by set or by period.• Euro 5,000 [$6,300] per month [$75,600 per year] monitoring fee to get free school certificates.• Projected return $2.00/case [about $ 120.00 / mt]
  15. 15. MSC premiumsoffer aneconomicincentive totarget maturefree schoolskipjack andavoid bye catchissues of FADsand juveniles
  16. 16. Overview of the PNA MSC COC Responsibility of PNA - PNAO and Authorities
  17. 17. MSC Batch Approval De-briefing Specific training in MSC Verification Strengthen Observer of Observer Observer Sea-based training Records Workbook Recording Port sampling Observe transhipment process and onboard carrier Special ‘club’ MSC Material Agreement Traceability, Identification and Inspection by Authority Segregation Company Captain’sAudit & Approval Record Logbook Company training of of company vessel crew and review Double Video Observers Monitoring PNA Office Approval of Batch as Automatic database ‘MSC Eligible’ On-site sample auditing of member checks and issuance companies, observers, authority, of approval number vessels and handling of materials 22
  18. 18. Greenpeace campaigner Sari Tolvanen says:“The overarching standards imposed by MSC on the [PNA] products are more far reaching than EII certification which has a focus on the cetacean issue alone. If consumers demand a dolphin safe logo on these products on top of the MSC certification, the PNA dolphin safe provides this assurance.”

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