Spanish2 ch1

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Spanish2 ch1

  1. 1. BIENVENIDOS
  2. 2. HOY <ul><li>la clase y el profesor </li></ul><ul><li>plan de clase </li></ul><ul><li>How do we describe ourselves? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we use the verb tener? </li></ul><ul><li>vocabulario y repaso </li></ul>
  3. 3. TENER <ul><li>TENER MEANS ‘TO HAVE’ </li></ul><ul><li>TENGO TENEMOS </li></ul><ul><li>TIENES </li></ul><ul><li>TIENE TIENEN </li></ul>
  4. 4. USOS de TENER <ul><li>Tengo tres libros. </li></ul><ul><li>Ella tiene dos hermanas. </li></ul><ul><li>Juan tiene catorce. (years old) </li></ul><ul><li>Mi amigo tiene ojos verdes. </li></ul>
  5. 5. SUBJECT PRONOUNS <ul><li>YO NOSOTROS </li></ul><ul><li>TU </li></ul><ul><li>EL ELLOS/ELLAS </li></ul><ul><li>ELLA USTEDES </li></ul><ul><li>USTED </li></ul>
  6. 6. WORD ORDER IN SPANISH <ul><li>Subject + Verb + Rest of Sentence </li></ul><ul><li>in a statement. </li></ul><ul><li>Question word (if needed) + verb + subject + rest of sentence. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Description <ul><li>How do we describe others? How do we describe ourselves? </li></ul>
  8. 8. DESCRIPTION
  9. 13. SER = TO BE <ul><li>SOY SOMOS </li></ul><ul><li>ERES </li></ul><ul><li>ES SON </li></ul>
  10. 14. EJEMPLOS <ul><li>(Yo) soy extrovertido. </li></ul><ul><li>Ellas son elegantes. </li></ul><ul><li>Eres bastante inteligente. </li></ul>
  11. 16. Hoy <ul><li>Describing height </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective Agreement Rules </li></ul>
  12. 17. Five Pointer 2.9.10 <ul><li>1. He is blond. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I have curly hair. </li></ul><ul><li>3. She is a little bit shy. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Pablo is very artistic. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Sebastian wears glasses. </li></ul>
  13. 18. MEDIR-TO MEASURE <ul><li>MIDO MEDIMOS </li></ul><ul><li>MIDES </li></ul><ul><li>MIDE MIDEN </li></ul>
  14. 19. METRIC SYSTEM <ul><li>CENTIMETERS, METERS </li></ul><ul><li>SIX FOOT TALL---72 INCHES </li></ul><ul><li>72 X 2.54 = CENTIMETERS </li></ul>
  15. 20. <ul><li>MIDO DOSCIENTOS CENTIMETROS. </li></ul><ul><li>I AM 200 CM TALL. </li></ul>
  16. 21. <ul><li>Soy de estatura mediana. </li></ul><ul><li>I am medium height. </li></ul><ul><li>I am (of) medium height. </li></ul>
  17. 22. What does a typical speaker of Spanish look like?
  18. 23. Juan Carlos, King of Spain
  19. 24. Penelope Cruz-actriz
  20. 25. Hugo Chavez
  21. 26. Presidente de Costa Rica
  22. 27. Era Presidente de Uruguay (habla con Sra. Clinton)
  23. 28. MARADONA---FUTBOLISTA ARGENTINA
  24. 29. Chile
  25. 30. Zapatero---Prime Minister of Spain
  26. 31. Rafael Nadal-tenista
  27. 32. Presidente de Ecuador
  28. 33. Michele Bachelet=Chile
  29. 34. ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT <ul><li>ADJECTIVES MUST AGREE IN NUMBER AND GENDER WITH THE NOUN THEY DESCRIBE. </li></ul>
  30. 35. ADJECTIVES THAT END IN -O <ul><li>CHANGE THE -O TO -A TO DESCRIBE FEMININE NOUNS. </li></ul><ul><li>Ella es extrovertida. </li></ul>
  31. 36. ADJECTIVES THAT END IN CONSONANT OR -E <ul><li>NO CHANGE FOR FEMININE NOUNS. </li></ul><ul><li>ELLA ES INTELIGENTE. </li></ul><ul><li>ELLA ES JOVEN. </li></ul>
  32. 37. ADJECTIVES ENDING IN -DOR <ul><li>TRABAJADOR, HABLADOR </li></ul><ul><li>CHANGE TO -DORA AT THE END FOR FEMININE NOUNS. </li></ul><ul><li>ELLA ES MUY TRABAJADORA (HARD WORKING). </li></ul>
  33. 38. PLURALS <ul><li>ADD -S OR -ES TO ADJECTIVES TO MAKE THEM PLURAL. </li></ul><ul><li>ADD -ES TO ADJECTIVES THAT END IN CONSONANTS. </li></ul>
  34. 39. <ul><li>Greeting </li></ul><ul><li>Se llama ______________ </li></ul><ul><li>Where they are from </li></ul><ul><li>Nationality </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>4 adjectives; height </li></ul><ul><li>Le gusta jugar el softb ól </li></ul><ul><li>Take leave </li></ul>
  35. 40. DEFINITE ARTICLES <ul><li>EL LOS </li></ul><ul><li>LA LAS </li></ul><ul><li>= THE </li></ul>
  36. 41. INDEFINITE ARTICLES <ul><li>UN UNOS </li></ul><ul><li>UNA UNAS </li></ul><ul><li>UN, UNA = A, AN </li></ul><ul><li>UNOS, UNAS = SOME </li></ul>
  37. 42. WORD ORDER <ul><li>SENTENCE STRUCTURE IN SPANISH </li></ul><ul><li>SUBJECT + VERB + REST OF SENTENCE </li></ul><ul><li>QUESTION </li></ul><ul><li>VERB + SUBJECT + REST OF SENTENCE </li></ul>
  38. 43. QUESTION WORDS <ul><li>QUESTION WORDS ARE PLACED AT THE BEGINNING OF A QUESTION AND ALWAYS HAVE A WRITTEN ACCENT MARK. </li></ul>
  39. 44. SER <ul><li>SOY SOMOS </li></ul><ul><li>ERES </li></ul><ul><li>ES SON </li></ul>
  40. 45. SER: WORD ORDER <ul><li>Yo soy muy trabajador. </li></ul><ul><li>Nosotros somos simp áticos </li></ul><ul><li>¿Es Alfonso muy atl ético? </li></ul><ul><li>¿Son ellas un poco artísticas? </li></ul>
  41. 46. T ú and usted (Ud.) <ul><li>T ú ---use to address friends, family and people your age. </li></ul><ul><li>usted (Ud.)---use to address strangers, people in authority, and elders. </li></ul><ul><li>Tú eres </li></ul><ul><li>Ud. es </li></ul>
  42. 47. NEGATIVES <ul><li>MAKE A SENTENCE NEGATIVE BY SAYING OR WRITING NO IN FRONT OF THE VERB. </li></ul><ul><li>ELLAS NO SON DE CUBA. </li></ul><ul><li>THEY ARE NOT FROM CUBA. </li></ul><ul><li>MI AMIGA NO ES CHILENA. </li></ul><ul><li>MY FRIEND IS NOT CHILEAN. </li></ul>
  43. 48. Usted <ul><li>Comes from the expression. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Vuestra merced” which basically was a way to say Your mercy. </li></ul>
  44. 49. T ú/Ud. <ul><li>Always conjugate Ud. like he/she conjugation. </li></ul><ul><li>Él es . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Ella es. . . . </li></ul><ul><li>Permiso, ¿ es Ud. chileno? </li></ul>
  45. 50. Possessive Adjectives <ul><li>mi nuestro </li></ul><ul><li>tu </li></ul><ul><li>su </li></ul>
  46. 51. Possessive Adjectives <ul><li>Must agree in number with the noun that follows it. </li></ul><ul><li>Nuestro (our) must agree in number and gender. </li></ul><ul><li>Drop the definite articles following a possessive adjective. </li></ul>
  47. 52. Possessive Adjectives <ul><li>mi perro </li></ul><ul><li>mis perros </li></ul><ul><li>(no accent on mi) </li></ul><ul><li>tu libro, tus libros </li></ul><ul><li>Nuestr a casa (our house) </li></ul><ul><li>Nuestros perros </li></ul>
  48. 53. How do we describe what others do? How do we describe what we do?
  49. 54. CONJUGATION = <ul><li>CHANGING THE ENDING OF THE VERB TO MATCH THE SUBJECT. </li></ul><ul><li>ONLY VERBS CAN BE CONJUGATED. </li></ul>
  50. 55. 3 TYPES OF VERBS IN SPANISH <ul><li>-ar </li></ul><ul><li>-er </li></ul><ul><li>-ir </li></ul><ul><li>The unconjugated form of a verb is called an infinitive . </li></ul>
  51. 56. -ar verbs <ul><li>Drop the -ar and add the following: </li></ul><ul><li>-o -amos </li></ul><ul><li>-as </li></ul><ul><li>-a -an </li></ul>
  52. 57. -er and-ir verbs <ul><li>Drop the -er and add the following: </li></ul><ul><li>-o -emos* (-imos for -ir verbs) </li></ul><ul><li>-es </li></ul><ul><li>-e -en </li></ul>
  53. 58. IRREGULAR VERBS <ul><li>Don’t follow normal ending patterns. </li></ul><ul><li>IR= TO GO </li></ul><ul><li>VOY VAMOS </li></ul><ul><li>VAS </li></ul><ul><li>VA VAN </li></ul>
  54. 59. HACER-TO DO, TO MAKE <ul><li>HAGO HACEMOS </li></ul><ul><li>HACES </li></ul><ul><li>HACE HACEN </li></ul>
  55. 60. STEM CHANGING VERBS <ul><li>Many verbs such as almorzar (to eat lunch) have a spelling change and conjugation when they are conjugated. There are several kinds of stem-changing verbs. </li></ul>
  56. 61. <ul><li>DO NOT EVER PUT TWO CONJUGATED VERBS SIDE BY SIDE! </li></ul>

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