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Захирах төлөв Imperative   G.Bat-Erdene
Imperative <ul><li>We use the imperative to tell people what to do/not to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид  “ imperative ”- ыг хү...
Example <ul><li>Put  a fence around any ponds in your garden. </li></ul><ul><li>Өөрийнхээ цэцэрлэг дэх цөөрмийн эргэн тойр...
Example <ul><li>Don’t let  your children play with matches. </li></ul><ul><li>Хүүхдүүдээ шүдэнзээр бүү тоглуул. </li></ul>
Imperative <ul><li>Бид  “ Imperative ” -  ыг   дараах дүрэмтэй хамт ашиглан үр дүнг нь харуулдаг.  </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
Reflexive Pronouns <ul><li>They  might cut  themselves . </li></ul><ul><li>Тэд шархдана. </li></ul><ul><li>Your  children ...
Might/Could <ul><li>Stay away from the dog.  </li></ul><ul><li>It  might/could  bite you. </li></ul><ul><li>Нохойноос холу...
English Grammar – “ Imperative ” affirmative sentences   negative sentences   Come   here, please.  Don't   come  now, ple...
Grammar - Exercise 1. <ul><li>Example:   Answer  the questions. </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Don't !.............( touch ) </li><...
<ul><li>5.  .... the book in your bag. ( put ) </li></ul><ul><li>6.  ........... your books. ( open ) </li></ul><ul><li>7....
Grammar - Exercise 2 <ul><li>1.  Please................in ( come ) </li></ul><ul><li>2.  ................out! ( get ) </li...
<ul><li>5.  Don't.....on the grass. ( walk ) </li></ul><ul><li>6.  Mummy,...me a candy! ( give ) </li></ul><ul><li>7.  Don...
Usage:  The imperative 1   <ul><li>We can use the  imperative  to give a direct order.  </li></ul><ul><li>Бид  imperative ...
Example <ul><li>Take  that chewing gum out of your mouth.  </li></ul><ul><li>Амнаасаа бохио ав! </li></ul><ul><li>Stand up...
The imperative 2 <ul><li>We can use the  “imperative”  to give instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид  “   imperative” -ыг за...
Example <ul><li>Open your book. -  Номоо нээ ! </li></ul><ul><li>Take two tablets every evening.  </li></ul><ul><li>Өдөр б...
The imperative 3 <ul><li>We can use the  “imperative”  to make an invitation. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид  “imperative” -ыг нааш...
Example <ul><li>Come  in and sit down. Make yourself at home.   </li></ul><ul><li>  Нааш ир энд суу. Өөрийн гэр  м э т бай...
The imperative  4 <ul><li>We can use the  “imperative”  on signs and notices. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид  “imperative” -ыг сану...
Example <ul><li>Push .  </li></ul><ul><li>Түлх. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use.   </li></ul><ul><li>Бүү хэрэглэ. </li></ul><...
The imperative  5 <ul><li>We can use the  imperative  to give friendly informal advice. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид  imperative ...
Example <ul><li>Speak to him. Tell him how you feel.  </li></ul><ul><li>Have a quiet word with her about it.  </li></ul><u...
The imperative  6 <ul><li>We can make the  “imperative’  'more polite' by adding  'do'.   </li></ul><ul><li>Бид  “i mperat...
Example <ul><li>Do be  quiet.  </li></ul><ul><li>Чимээгүй бай на уу. </li></ul><ul><li>Do come .  </li></ul><ul><li>Нааш и...
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U10 Imperative2

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U10 Imperative2

  1. 1. Захирах төлөв Imperative G.Bat-Erdene
  2. 2. Imperative <ul><li>We use the imperative to tell people what to do/not to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид “ imperative ”- ыг хүмүүст ямар нэг зүйлийг хий гэж /хүссэн/, эсвэл бүү хий /хориглосон/ гэж хэлэхэд хэрэглэнэ. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Example <ul><li>Put a fence around any ponds in your garden. </li></ul><ul><li>Өөрийнхээ цэцэрлэг дэх цөөрмийн эргэн тойронд хашаа хий . </li></ul>
  4. 4. Example <ul><li>Don’t let your children play with matches. </li></ul><ul><li>Хүүхдүүдээ шүдэнзээр бүү тоглуул. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Imperative <ul><li>Бид “ Imperative ” - ыг дараах дүрэмтэй хамт ашиглан үр дүнг нь харуулдаг. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reflexive Pronouns </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Might/Could </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Reflexive Pronouns <ul><li>They might cut themselves . </li></ul><ul><li>Тэд шархдана. </li></ul><ul><li>Your children might poison themselves . </li></ul><ul><li>Хүүхдүүд хордоно. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Might/Could <ul><li>Stay away from the dog. </li></ul><ul><li>It might/could bite you. </li></ul><ul><li>Нохойноос холуур яв. </li></ul><ul><li>Тэр чамайг хазна. </li></ul>
  8. 8. English Grammar – “ Imperative ” affirmative sentences negative sentences Come here, please. Don't come now, please. Help your father, please. Don't play on the computer, please. Clean the bathroom, please. Don't clean the living room, please.
  9. 9. Grammar - Exercise 1. <ul><li>Example: Answer the questions. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Don't !.............( touch ) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Let's.............shopping. ( go ) </li></ul><ul><li>3. ................up! ( stand ) </li></ul><ul><li>4. ................ down! ( sit ) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>5. .... the book in your bag. ( put ) </li></ul><ul><li>6. ........... your books. ( open ) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Let's............a movie. ( watch ) </li></ul><ul><li>8. Please..............quite. ( be ) </li></ul><ul><li>9. ........left at the church. ( turn ) </li></ul><ul><li>10. .......long and prosper. ( live ) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Grammar - Exercise 2 <ul><li>1. Please................in ( come ) </li></ul><ul><li>2. ................out! ( get ) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Please................your bedroom. ( clean ) </li></ul><ul><li>4. .......a little every day. ( study ) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>5. Don't.....on the grass. ( walk ) </li></ul><ul><li>6. Mummy,...me a candy! ( give ) </li></ul><ul><li>7. Don't.....in the building. ( run ) </li></ul><ul><li>8. Let's..............a game. ( play ) </li></ul><ul><li>9. I'm busy tonight, so don't..............for me. ( wait ) </li></ul><ul><li>10. Let's.............home! ( go ) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Usage: The imperative 1 <ul><li>We can use the imperative to give a direct order. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид imperative -ыг захиран тушаах үед хэрэглэнэ. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Example <ul><li>Take that chewing gum out of your mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>Амнаасаа бохио ав! </li></ul><ul><li>Stand up straight. Номхон зогс ! </li></ul><ul><li>Give me the details. </li></ul><ul><li>Тодорхой хэл ! </li></ul>
  15. 15. The imperative 2 <ul><li>We can use the “imperative” to give instructions. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид “ imperative” -ыг заавар болон даалгавар өгөхөд ашиглана. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Example <ul><li>Open your book. - Номоо нээ ! </li></ul><ul><li>Take two tablets every evening. </li></ul><ul><li>Өдөр болгон 2 табл е тк ий г уу ! </li></ul><ul><li>Take a left and then a right. </li></ul><ul><li>Зүүн тийш эргэ , тэгээд баруун </li></ul><ul><li>тийш эргэ ! </li></ul>
  17. 17. The imperative 3 <ul><li>We can use the “imperative” to make an invitation. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид “imperative” -ыг нааш нь дуудах, урих үед ашиглаж болно . </li></ul>
  18. 18. Example <ul><li>Come in and sit down. Make yourself at home. </li></ul><ul><li> Нааш ир энд суу. Өөрийн гэр м э т бай . </li></ul><ul><li>Please start without me. I'll be there shortly. </li></ul><ul><li> Уучлаарай надгүй эхэлж бай. Би удахгүй очно. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a piece of this cake. It's delicious. </li></ul><ul><li> Зүсэм бялуу ав . Энэ амттай. </li></ul>
  19. 19. The imperative 4 <ul><li>We can use the “imperative” on signs and notices. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид “imperative” -ыг сануулах үед ашиглаж болно. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Example <ul><li>Push . </li></ul><ul><li>Түлх. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use. </li></ul><ul><li>Бүү хэрэглэ. </li></ul><ul><li>Insert one dollar. </li></ul><ul><li>1 доллар оруул . </li></ul>
  21. 21. The imperative 5 <ul><li>We can use the imperative to give friendly informal advice. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид imperative -ыг албан ёсны бус нөхөрсөг зөвлөгөө өгөхөд ашиглана. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Example <ul><li>Speak to him. Tell him how you feel. </li></ul><ul><li>Have a quiet word with her about it. </li></ul><ul><li>Don't go. Stay at home and rest up. Get some sleep and recover. </li></ul>
  23. 23. The imperative 6 <ul><li>We can make the “imperative’ 'more polite' by adding 'do'. </li></ul><ul><li>Бид “i mperative” -ыг маш эелдэгээр захирахад ашиглана. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Example <ul><li>Do be quiet. </li></ul><ul><li>Чимээгүй бай на уу. </li></ul><ul><li>Do come . </li></ul><ul><li>Нааш ир нэ үү. </li></ul><ul><li>Do sit down . </li></ul><ul><li>Сууна уу . </li></ul>
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