grammar<br /><ul><li>Past  simple
Past continuous</li></ul>Д.ГАНБИЛЭГ<br />
we use past simple (verb+ ed or irregular past from) for:<br />
<ul><li>an  action which started and finished in the at a stated time</li></ul>     (өнгөрсөнд эхлээд тухайн цагтаа дуусса...
WE USE PAST CONTINUOUS (WAS/WERE + VERD -ING)  FOR:<br />
Infinitive        past<br />  be……………was<br />Become……….became<br />Build………….built<br />Come…………came<br />Do…………….did<br ...
<ul><li>A  past action in progress interrupted by another past action. The longer action is in the past simple.     </li><...
<ul><li>Background description to events in a story</li></ul>Үйл явдлын нөхцөл байдлыг дүрслэхэд<br />e.g.-as she was runn...
<ul><li>NOTE: to avoid repetition , when there are two past continuous forms in the same sentence , use  just the (-ing)  ...
WE USE PRESENT PERFECT (HAVE+PAST PARTICIPLE)  FOR:<br />
<ul><li>Recent actions when the time is not mentioned or is not definite. </li></ul>   (саяхан болсон үйл явдлын хугацаа н...
<ul><li>Personal experiences or changes.</li></ul>( хувийн туршлага эсвэл өөрчлөлт )<br />e.g.  - sue has dyed her hair re...
lesson<br />
It (rain)…….. very hard when the bus (leave)……. the school.<br />When we (get)……….. home, my Aunt Carol and Uncle Arthur (...
It (rain) was raining very hard when the bus (leave) left the school.<br />When we (get) got  home, my Aunt Carol and Uncl...
The candidate ......... many voters when she ran for governor last year.<br />  (a)  impress<br />                     (b)...
The candidate  impressed  many voters when she ran for governor last year.<br /> <br />(a)  impress<br />                 ...
When I (look)………… up the road, I (see) ……..that a tornado (come)………… towards our house.<br />. My uncle (hold)…………. me dow...
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Ganbileg Grammar

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Ganbileg Grammar

  1. 1. grammar<br /><ul><li>Past simple
  2. 2. Past continuous</li></ul>Д.ГАНБИЛЭГ<br />
  3. 3. we use past simple (verb+ ed or irregular past from) for:<br />
  4. 4. <ul><li>an action which started and finished in the at a stated time</li></ul> (өнгөрсөнд эхлээд тухайн цагтаа дууссан үйл явдлыг тэмдэглэх)<br />E.g. -I watched a science fiction film on TV last night. <br />I met my friends for lunch last Monday.<br /><ul><li>Past actions which happened one immediately after the other. ( ар араасаа дараалан болсон үйл явдлууд.)</li></ul>E.g. He got up, had breakfast and then left for his office<br />
  5. 5. WE USE PAST CONTINUOUS (WAS/WERE + VERD -ING) FOR:<br />
  6. 6. Infinitive past<br /> be……………was<br />Become……….became<br />Build………….built<br />Come…………came<br />Do…………….did<br />Eat…………….eta<br />Fly……………flew<br />Go…………….went<br />Have………….had<br />Keep………….kept<br />Leave…………left<br />Lose……………lost<br />Make…………..made<br />Pay……………..paid<br />Ring…………….rang<br />Say……………..said<br />See……………..saw<br />Send……………sent<br />Speak…………..spoke<br />Swim…………...swam<br />Take…………….took<br />Tell……………..told<br />Wake……………woke<br />IRREGULAR VERDS<br />Infinitive past<br />
  7. 7. <ul><li>A past action in progress interrupted by another past action. The longer action is in the past simple. </li></ul>өнгөрсөнд болсон үйл явдлын явц нь өөр нэг үйл явдалаар тасалдсан тохиолдолд хэрэглэнэ. Удаан хугацаанд үргэлжилсэн үйл явдлыг past simple-p бичнэ.<br />E.g. -I wascooking dinner when the phone rang.<br /><ul><li>Two or more simultaneous past action of certain duration.</li></ul>тодорхой хугацаанд 2 ба түүнээс дээш үйл явдал нэгэн зэрэг болох.<br />E.g. -I was riding my bicycle while my sister was playing in the football.<br />
  8. 8. <ul><li>Background description to events in a story</li></ul>Үйл явдлын нөхцөл байдлыг дүрслэхэд<br />e.g.-as she was running in the marathon the crowds werecheering enthusiastically.<br />
  9. 9. <ul><li>NOTE: to avoid repetition , when there are two past continuous forms in the same sentence , use just the (-ing) participle.</li></ul>тэмдэглэл: давталтаас зайлс хийхийн тулд , нэг ижил өгүүлбэрт 2 past continuous орсон үед (-ing)<br />хэрэглэ.<br />e.g. He was cleaning the windows and he was listening to the radio he was cleaning the window listening to the radio.<br />
  10. 10. WE USE PRESENT PERFECT (HAVE+PAST PARTICIPLE) FOR:<br />
  11. 11. <ul><li>Recent actions when the time is not mentioned or is not definite. </li></ul> (саяхан болсон үйл явдлын хугацаа нь дурьдагдсан эсвэл түдүрхойгүй.)<br />e.g. -I have washed the clothes . We have redecorated the sitting-room.<br />
  12. 12. <ul><li>Personal experiences or changes.</li></ul>( хувийн туршлага эсвэл өөрчлөлт )<br />e.g. - sue has dyed her hair red.<br /><ul><li>Recently completed (дөнгөж саяхан дууссан үйл явдал)</li></ul>e.g. -Tom has just finished typing the letters .<br />
  13. 13. lesson<br />
  14. 14. It (rain)…….. very hard when the bus (leave)……. the school.<br />When we (get)……….. home, my Aunt Carol and Uncle Arthur (wait) ………….for us.<br />
  15. 15. It (rain) was raining very hard when the bus (leave) left the school.<br />When we (get) got home, my Aunt Carol and Uncle Arthur (wait) were waiting for us.<br />
  16. 16. The candidate ......... many voters when she ran for governor last year.<br /> (a)  impress<br /> (b)  impressed<br /> (c)  will impress<br />My father still ......... heating oil from a company in Chicago.<br /> (a)  buys<br /> (b)  bought<br /> (c)  will buy<br />
  17. 17. The candidate impressed many voters when she ran for governor last year.<br /> <br />(a)  impress<br /> (b)  impressed<br /> (c)  will impress<br />My father still buys heating oil from a company in Chicago.<br /> <br />(a)  buys<br /> (b)  bought<br /> (c)  will buy<br />
  18. 18. When I (look)………… up the road, I (see) ……..that a tornado (come)………… towards our house.<br />. My uncle (hold)…………. me down when suddenly the tornado (lift) ……….him and threw him against a wall.<br />Suddenly the wind (stop)……… . It (become) ……….very quiet.<br />
  19. 19. When I (look) looked up the road, I (see) saw that a tornado (come) was coming towards our house.<br />. My uncle (hold) was holding me down when suddenly the tornado (lift) lifted him and threw him against a wall.<br />Suddenly the wind (stop) stopped . It (become) became very quiet.<br />

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