Mc gill model of nursing practice


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Mc gill model of nursing practice

  1. 1. FLORA QUESTION 4What is McGill Model of Nursing Practice?The McGill Model of Nursing Practice was first outlined by ACanadian Nurse Educator and Health Scientist named Moyra Allen(1921-1996). For most of her career, she held a facultyappointment in the school of Nursing at McGill University. Thenin the mdi 70’s Allen outlined a conceptual model of the approachto nursing espoused by McGill Faculty of Nursing and launched abroad program of research to accumulate knowledge about Nursingcontribution in relation to health outcomes. This frameworkaccording to Kravitz and Frey 1989 p 313 provides a pragmaticorganizing plan to explore, describe, and evaluate the full functionof nursing: direct the development of nursing curricula andgenerate questions for research in nursing practice and health care.Over the years of its’ formulation, the model was given differentnames of which McGill Model of Nursing became the most
  2. 2. familiar. Allen however was eager to find an appropriateconceptual title. In 1985 she chose “ A developmental HealthModel Nursing as a Continuous Inquiry” to reflect the model’sdevelopmental perspective on health and nursing. Since thenMcGill Model of Nursing has been used by various scientists toinvestigate nursing practices in working with families.What really is McGill Model Of Nursing?McGill model of Nursing according to Gotlieb&Rowat 1987, thesalient features of this model are health, family, collaboration andlearning within the health, person, environment and nursingparadigm. The central goal of nursing according to this paradigm isto maintain, strengthen, and develop the patient’s health byactively engaging him or her in a learning process. Because healthis a learned phenomenon and the family is considered the primarysocializer in this learning, the family is the focus of nursing. Thenurse strives to structure a learning environment that enables thepatient to participate as fully as possible. The nurse and patient
  3. 3. together set goals and, building on the patient’s strength andresources, devise means of achieving them.How does the McGill Model apply to Megan’s situation?Because this model considers the environment, health,learning, strengths of the family, etc. In Megan’s situation, wecan see various challenges faced by Megan and her Mother, arecent divorce, which has weakened the family strength, amove from a rural area to the city for a new start which isapplicable to Megan and her Mother who have moved from therural area to the city for a new start. This change ofenvironment for Megan and her mother may be stressfulbecause it involves acquiring new tools in order to adjust into anew environment. The need for a new day care and accessingother resources requires learning ways of accessing theseinformation . The McGill paradigm fits very well into Megan’ssituation.Why is the McGill model important?The model is important because of the following reasons:
  4. 4. 1. The theory focuses on the family and its dynamics2. The theory is important because it influences a nurses thinking in utilizing nursing practice/process.3. It allows nurses to gather data, critically think and formulate researchable questions; analyze the data collected, draw conclusions and make appropriate recommendations and implement appropriate interventions when working with families.4. It allows nurses to implement appropriate strategies and to evaluate the outcomes.5. The paradigm helps nurses to identify the strengths and resources that are available in the community
  5. 5. REFERENCESKravitz, M., & Frey, M.A. (1989) The Allen nursing model.In J.J. Fitzpatrick & A.L. Whall (Eds), Conceptual Models ofNursing: Analysis and Application (pp.313-329). Norwalk,CT: Application & Lange.Gotlieb, L., &Rowat, K. (1987). The McGill Model OfNursing: A practice derived model. Advances in NursingScience ( 4), (4), 51-61