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Know The Instruments

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A brief explanation a few medical instrument that commonly used in the ward.

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Know The Instruments

  1. 1. Know The Instruments Prepared by: Adilah,Arasyida,Ayuliza,Emiliana, Ezarina,Faddeli,Fazlina,Firdaus,Haziqah, Hazrullina,Justina,Kunisa’,Mazriyana, Nazalia,Nisa’,Norili,Puterina,Syahirah, Suhaila,Roshida,Roziana,Ruziana, Thuwaibatul, Zuhana
  2. 2. <ul><li>Needle forceps </li></ul><ul><li>used to hold or grasp curved needles during various suture procedures. </li></ul>By: Roshida
  3. 3. <ul><li>Dressing scissors </li></ul><ul><li>To cut gauze while do dressing </li></ul>By: Roshida
  4. 4. By: Puterina Name Usage Ear Syringes (stainless steel) To put irrigation fluid such as normal saline for ears irrigation
  5. 5. By: Puterina Name Usage Undine <ul><li>To put irrigation fluid such as normal saline for eyes irrigation to </li></ul><ul><li>wash the eye thoroughly following alkali or acid burns </li></ul><ul><li>prevent corneal and conjunctival scarring </li></ul><ul><li>remove multiple foreign bodies from the eye </li></ul>
  6. 6. Bard Parker handle <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>Hold blades </li></ul><ul><li>It fit various size of blades </li></ul>By: Justina
  7. 7. Iris scissors <ul><li>It small, </li></ul><ul><li>3-4 inches long with sharp points, </li></ul><ul><li>used for ophthalmic surgery e.g.: iridectomy </li></ul>By: Justina
  8. 8. <ul><li>Function is to cut sutures </li></ul><ul><li>Have a straight-shaped point on one blade to cut under the stitch before cutting it with the opposing blade </li></ul>By: Emiliana Stitch Scissors
  9. 9. <ul><li>Recognized by their longer length </li></ul><ul><li>To take sterile instrument </li></ul><ul><li>can be used for placing and removing items </li></ul>By: Emiliana Cheatle forceps & Cheatle Jar
  10. 10. Curved mayo scissors <ul><li>Both blades are slightly curved and blunt ended tips. </li></ul><ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>- used for cutting deep, heavy, or tough tissue </li></ul>By: Syahirah
  11. 11. Straight mayo scissors <ul><li>Both blades are straight and blunt ended tips. </li></ul><ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>- suture cutting scissors, normally not used on tissue. </li></ul>By: Syahirah
  12. 12. Vomit bowl <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>used as the container for patient to vomit. </li></ul><ul><li>Must put disinfectant (dettol / inhibitane) to weaken the microorganism and for easier washing. </li></ul>By: Syahirah
  13. 13. Sputum mug <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>Used as the container for patient to expectorate. </li></ul><ul><li>Must put disinfectant (dettol / inhibitane) to weaken the microorganism and for easier washing. </li></ul>By: Syahirah
  14. 14. Sponge-holding/Sponge forceps <ul><li>Sponge forceps handle sponges, gauzes, or sensitive medical supplies. </li></ul><ul><li>Sponge forceps to hold antiseptic cotton swabs and gauge before the surgery. </li></ul>By: Zuhana
  15. 15. Tongue forceps/ Tongue holder <ul><li>These forceps hold tongue during surgery or to prevent it from falling back so as not to obstruct breathing </li></ul>By: Zuhana
  16. 16. Episiotomy scissors <ul><li>Figure 1 show episiotomy scissors which </li></ul><ul><li>(A): Braun-Stadler Episiotomy Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>(B) : Wallman Episiotomy Scissors </li></ul><ul><li>The function: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For cutting the perineal skin and tissue (episiotomy) to facilitate the passage of the foetal head during labor. </li></ul></ul>nisaaziz
  17. 17. (A) (B) Figure 1 nisaaziz
  18. 18. Gallipot <ul><li>The function/uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To put cotton, gauze, cream, solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>during dressing. </li></ul></ul>nisaaziz
  19. 19. Hot Water Bag <ul><li>The function/uses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot compress-reduce pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Warm up baby beds </li></ul></ul>nisaaziz
  20. 20. <ul><li>Glass Lab Funnel </li></ul><ul><li>Function : can be used to target liquids into any container so they will not be lost or spilled . </li></ul>By: Arasyida & Ezarina
  21. 21. <ul><li>Disposable Dissecting Forceps </li></ul><ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li> use during dressing (used for grasping, manipulating, or extracting, especially such an instrument, cotton or gauze) </li></ul>By: Arasyida & Ezarina
  22. 22. <ul><li>Test Tube Holder </li></ul><ul><li>Function: To hold the test tube when they are hot and untouchable </li></ul>By: Arasyida & Ezarina
  23. 23. Aneurysm Needle Function; To catch small blood vessel and nerve. By: Arasyida & Ezarina
  24. 24. Introducer Function; To make a hole for chest tube or peritoneal insertion Trocar Introducer By: Arasyida & Ezarina
  25. 25. Proctoscope - to examine the anal cavity, rectum or sigmoid colon. By: Roziana
  26. 26. Probe <ul><li>To measure the depth of wound , sinus </li></ul>By: Roziana
  27. 27. SIM’S VAGINA SPECULUM <ul><li>Usage: </li></ul><ul><li>To dilate vagina for easy vagina examination (VE) or delivery </li></ul>By: Suhaila
  28. 28. TENDON HAMMER <ul><li>Usage: </li></ul><ul><li>A reflex hammer is used by physicians to test deep tendon reflexes. </li></ul><ul><li>to detect abnormalities in the central or peripheral nervous system. </li></ul>By: Suhaila
  29. 29. KIDNEY DISH <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to receive and hold soiled dressings, fluids, needles, or the instrument needed for a minor procedure and other medical waste </li></ul></ul>By: Ku Nisa’
  30. 30. CLIP REMOVAL / CLIP APPLICATOR By: unknown
  31. 31. <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to remove the staplers from the skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to a clamping or surgical stapling device for joining tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>applied to close or connect incisions and skin wounds </li></ul></ul>By: Ku Nisa’
  32. 32. MOUTH GAG <ul><li>Functions: </li></ul><ul><li>To open the mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>Used during doing mouth toilet at the comatose patient. </li></ul>By: Haziqah
  33. 33. UMBILICAL CORD SCISSORS <ul><li>Functions: </li></ul><ul><li>To cut and clamp off the umbilical cord following birth. </li></ul>By :Haziqah
  34. 34. TONGUE DEPRESSOR Have thin wooden blade, smoothed and rounded at both ends 1) To suppress the tongue to allow for examination of the mouth and throat. 2) To spread ointments and to mix medications. By: Ayuliza
  35. 35. Mcgill Forceps The handles are specially curved so that operator’s hand does not obstruct his view. 1) To guide a tracheal tube into the larynx or a nasogastric tube into the esophagus under direct vision. 2) To place pharyngeal packs and remove foreign bodies adult children By: Ayuliza
  36. 36. Thudichum’s nasal speculum <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>Used for visualization of external nose. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>anterior-inferior part of nasal septum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>anterior part of inferior and middle turbinate </li></ul></ul>BY: Adilah
  37. 37. Thudichum’s nasal speculum (cont.) BY: Adilah
  38. 38. Peak flow meter <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>measures the patient's maximum speed of expiration, or peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR or PEF). </li></ul><ul><li>Peak flow readings are higher when patients are well, and lower when the airways are constricted. </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement of PEFR requires training to correctly use a meter and the normal expected value depends on a patient's sex, age and height. </li></ul><ul><li>(Wikipedia, 2009) </li></ul>BY: Adilah
  39. 39. Peak flow meter (cont.) <ul><li>Peak flow readings are often classified into 3 zones of measurement according to the American Lung Association; (green, yellow, and red). </li></ul><ul><li>Health practitioners can develop an asthma management plan based on the green-yellow-red zones. </li></ul>Mouthpiece Spacer body Measurement scale BY: Adilah
  40. 40. Peak flow meter (cont.) BY: Adilah ZONE READING DESCRIPTION Green zone 80-100% of the usual or normal peak flow readings. A peak flow reading in the green zone indicates that the asthma is under good control. Yellow zone 50-80% of the usual or normal peak flow readings. Indicates caution. It may mean respiratory airways are narrowing and additional medication may be required. Red zone Less than 50% of the usual or normal peak flow readings. Indicates a medical emergency. Severe airway narrowing may be occurring and immediate action needs to be taken. This would usually involves contacting the health practitioners or hospital.
  41. 41. Measuring jug <ul><li>Functions: </li></ul><ul><li>To measure fluids. </li></ul><ul><li>(urine, vomitus, PD fluid, drainage and etc) </li></ul>By: Fazlina
  42. 42. Toothed dissecting forceps <ul><li>Functions: </li></ul><ul><li>easily grasp small objects or tissue to move and release it </li></ul><ul><li>to grasp and hold tissue. </li></ul>By: Fazlina
  43. 43. Non-toothed dissecting forceps <ul><li>Functions : </li></ul><ul><li>for holding structures and restricting their movement </li></ul><ul><li>to hold small swabs. </li></ul>By: Fazlina
  44. 44. CURVE MOSQUITO FORCEPS <ul><li>Allow easier placement of ligatures around the forceps </li></ul><ul><li>Use in surgery for temporary occlusion of a vessel </li></ul>By: Nazalia
  45. 45. STRAIGHT MOSQUITO FORCEPS <ul><li>For grasping artery or blood vessel </li></ul><ul><li>To hold delicate tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Use in most surgical procedure </li></ul>By: Nazalia
  46. 46. CATHETER TRAY <ul><li>To soak the suction catheter </li></ul><ul><li>To put any sterile equipment, e.g forceps and scissors </li></ul>By: Nazalia
  47. 47. Dressing forceps <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>To hold cotton, gauze during dressing procedure </li></ul>By: Ruziana
  48. 48. Fetal scope <ul><li>Function: </li></ul><ul><li>To listen fetal heart </li></ul>By: Ruziana
  49. 49. Tuning Fork <ul><li>Used to determine whether a hearing loss is conductive or perceptive. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be Weber test or Rinne test. </li></ul>By: Thuwaibatul
  50. 50. Crocodile Forceps <ul><li>To remove foreign body from ear, nose, throat (ENT) procedure. </li></ul>By: Thuwaibatul
  51. 51. Artery Forceps Artery forceps are primarily use as haemostatic forceps to grasp vessels and allow ligation of those vessels. They vary in size for use on fine, delicate vessels to large vascular pedicles. Artery forceps can also be used to grasp tissues, sutures and other prosthetic materials. By: Mazriyana
  52. 52. Cusco/Vaginal/Duck Bill Speculum A vaginal speculum is a vital medical instrument that retracts the vaginal walls, to visualize the interior aspects of the vagina. The device will prevent the vaginal walls from collapsing during a surgical procedure or in gynecological examination. It also used in taking specimen such as pap smear. By: Mazriyana
  53. 53. Trachea Dilator <ul><li>To keep the tracheostomy open </li></ul>By : Faddeli
  54. 54. Drainage Bag’s Hanger <ul><li>To hangs the drainage bag at the bedside. </li></ul>By : Faddeli
  55. 55. Medicine Cup <ul><li>To put medication (syrup/tablet) into it. </li></ul>By : Faddeli

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