Arief Firdaus An Insight Into Toefl & Ielts Day 1


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To anyone wanting to explain the difference between TOEFL and IELTS, this presentation might be of good use. This the 1st part of two presentation. It focuses on the TOEFL, while the second part discusses the IELTS.

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Arief Firdaus An Insight Into Toefl & Ielts Day 1

  1. 1. An Insight into TOEFL & IELTS: A Two-day workshop prepared & presented by Arief Firdaus ITI Serpong December 18 & 19, 2006
  2. 2. TOEFL <ul><li>What does it stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>Test of English as a Foreign Language </li></ul><ul><li>What is it for? </li></ul><ul><li>to measure English language proficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Who is required to take the TOEFL test? </li></ul><ul><li>If your first or native language is NOT English, it is likely that you will be required by the college or university to take this test </li></ul><ul><li>Who creates the TOEFL test? </li></ul><ul><li>ETS (Educational Testing Service) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Another Purpose of the TOEFL <ul><li>Since 1963, the TOEFL has been used by scholarship committees of governments, universities, and agencies such as Fulbright, the Agency for International Development, AMIDEAST, and Latin American Scholarship Programs as a standard measure of the English proficiency of their candidates. Some professional licensing and certification agencies also use TOEFL scores to evaluate English proficiency. The admissions committees of more than 4500 colleges and universities in the United States, Canada, Australia, Great Britain, and many other countries worldwide require foreign applicants to submit TOEFL scores along with transcripts and recommendations in order to be considered for admission. </li></ul>
  4. 4. IELTS <ul><li>What does it stand for? </li></ul><ul><li>International English Language Testing System </li></ul><ul><li>What is it for? </li></ul><ul><li>Assess the language ability of candidates who need to study or work where English is the language of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Who creates the IELTS? </li></ul><ul><li>It is jointly managed by the University of Cambridge ESOL Examinations (Cambridge ESOL), British Council and IDP: IELTS Australia. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Another Fact about IELTS <ul><li>IELTS is recognized by universities and employers in many countries including Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the USA. It is also recognized by professional bodies, immigration authorities, and other government agencies. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Score Equivalency 8.5 – 9 111-120 273-300 640-677 7.5 – 8 96-110 243-270 590-637 6.5 – 7 79-95 213-240 550-587 5.5 – 6 65-78 183-210 513-547 4.5 – 5 53-64 153-180 477-510 4 41-52 123-150 437-473 3 – 3.5 30-40 93-120 397-433 2 – 2.5 19-29 63-90 347-393 1 – 1.5 9-18 33-60 310-343 0 – 0.1 0-8 0-30 0-310 IELTS TOEFL IBT TOEFL CBT TOEFL PBT
  7. 7. Format of TOEFL PBT, CBT & IBT <ul><li>Skills tested </li></ul><ul><li>Test time </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Note taking </li></ul><ul><li>Computer tutorials </li></ul><ul><li>Computer adaptive </li></ul><ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Structure (grammar) </li></ul><ul><li>Total Score </li></ul><ul><li>Competency Descriptors </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1. Skills Tested <ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Structure (Grammar) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Structure (Grammar) </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul>PBT CBT IBT
  9. 9. 2. Test Time 3 hours 3.5 hours 4 hours PBT CBT IBT
  10. 10. 3. Integrated Tasks No No Yes PBT CBT IBT
  11. 11. 4. Note Taking No No Yes PBT CBT IBT
  12. 12. 5. Computer Tutorials Not applicable A computer tutorial and instructions for answering questions are provided before the test Instructions for answering questions are given within each section; there is no computer tutorial PBT CBT IBT
  13. 13. 6. Computer Adaptive Not applicable Listening and Structure are computer adaptive. Reading and Writing are not. Not computer adaptive. Each test taker receives the same range of questions in any given form of the test. PBT CBT IBT
  14. 14. 7. Listening 3-4 mini talks (each 60-90 secs long, 3-5 questions each) 2-3 extended conversations (each 60-90 secs long, 3-5 questions each) 30-40 dialogs (each 5-15 secs long, 1 question each) Time: 30 – 4 minutes <ul><li>11-17 dialogs (1 question each) </li></ul><ul><li>2-3 short conversations (each up to 1 minute long, 2-3 questions each) </li></ul><ul><li>4-6 mini lectures & discussions (each up to 2 mins long, 3-6 questions each) </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 40 – 60 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>4-6 lectures, some with classroom discussion (each 3-5 mins long, 6 questions each) </li></ul><ul><li>2-3 conversations (each 3 mins long, 5 questions each) </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction of additional native English accents </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 60 – 90 minutes </li></ul>PBT CBT IBT
  15. 15. 8. Speaking None None <ul><li>2 independent tasks—express an opinion on a familiar topic </li></ul><ul><li>4 integrated tasks– speak based on what is read and heard </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 30 secs to prepare the response </li></ul><ul><li>Up to 1 minute to respond </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 20 minutes </li></ul>PBT CBT IBT
  16. 16. 9. Reading <ul><li>5 passages from academic texts </li></ul><ul><li>250-350 words long </li></ul><ul><li>10 questions per passage </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 55 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>4-5 passages from academic texts </li></ul><ul><li>250-350 words long </li></ul><ul><li>11 questions per passage </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 70 – 90 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>3-5 passages from academic texts </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 700 words long </li></ul><ul><li>Includes multiple-focus passages (compare/contrast, cause/effect) </li></ul><ul><li>12-14 questions for each passage </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 60 – 100 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Glossary to define key-words </li></ul><ul><li>Categorize information & fill in chart/complete summary </li></ul>PBT CBT IBT
  17. 17. 10. Writing <ul><li>1 independent task (Test of Written English) </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 30 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Handwriting only </li></ul><ul><li>1 independent task-support an opinion on a topic </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 30 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Typing optional </li></ul><ul><li>Score combined with Structure section </li></ul><ul><li>1 integrated task-write based on what is read and heard </li></ul><ul><li>1 independent task-support an opinion on a topic </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 50 minutes (20 mins for integrated, 30 mins for independent) </li></ul><ul><li>Typing required </li></ul>PBT CBT IBT
  18. 18. 11. Structure (Grammar) 40 questions Time: 25 minutes 20-25 questions Time: 15-20 minutes Score combined with Writing section No grammar section, although grammar is evaluated in Speaking and Writing responses. PBT CBT IBT
  19. 19. 12. Total Score 310 - 677 0 - 300 0 - 120 PBT CBT IBT
  20. 20. 13. Competency Descriptors No. No. Yes. They describe performance at major score points. PBT CBT IBT
  21. 21. General Benefits of Learning the TOEFL <ul><li>Express information in an organized manner </li></ul><ul><li>Use a wide range of vocabulary for effective expression </li></ul><ul><li>- use grammar & vocabulary accurately </li></ul><ul><li>- use idiomatic expressions appropriately </li></ul><ul><li>- follow the convention of spelling & punctuation </li></ul><ul><li>- use effective linking words (transitional phrases) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Sources <ul><li>ETS: The Official Guide to the New TOEFL iBT </li></ul><ul><li>Pamela J. Sharpe: Pass Key to the TOEFL iBT </li></ul><ul><li>ETS: Test Preparation Kit Workbook </li></ul><ul><li>Patricia Nobel Sullivan: TOEFL Super Course </li></ul><ul><li>Carol King & Nancy Stanley: Building Skills for the TOEFL </li></ul><ul><li>Deborah Philips: Introductory Course to the TOEFL </li></ul><ul><li>Deborah Philips: Complete Course for the TOEFL </li></ul><ul><li>Milada Broukal: In a Flash; TOEFL Grammar & Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>ETS: Understanding the TOEFL </li></ul><ul><li>Jolene Gear: Preparation for the TOEFL test </li></ul><ul><li>Michael A. Pyle: TOEFL Preparation Guide </li></ul><ul><li> : TOEFL at a Glance </li></ul><ul><li> : TOEFL Tips </li></ul><ul><li> : TOEFL Bulletin </li></ul><ul><li>www.dave’ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>