Susan McFadden - Ages and Changes: Master Class

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Susan McFadden - Ages and Changes: Master Class

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Susan McFadden - Ages and Changes: Master Class

  1. 1. Ages and Changes: Master Class Susan H. McFadden Fox Valley Memory Project Appleton, WI (USA)
  2. 2. Overview of the class • Metaphors and the ways we think about aging and the life span • Erikson’s epigenetic theory • Implications for persons living with dementia • Application of Baltes’s life span developmental model to religion, spirituality, and aging (if there’s time for this…)
  3. 3. Sources of meaning in Western history (from Cole, 1992)
  4. 4. Metaphors of the life span (Cole, 1992) CIRCLES HILLS SPIRALS
  5. 5. Christ-centered wheel of life, from a Psalter (1339) belonging to Robert de Lisle of Yorkshire. “I perceive all ages at once; I rule all with reason.”
  6. 6. The Seven Ages of Life and the Wheel of Fortune, an anonymous woodcut (ca. 1470).
  7. 7. The Ten Ages of Man, an engraving by Jorg Breu the Younger (Augsburg, 1540).
  8. 8. The Life and Age of Woman, a print by A. Alden (1836). “The virtuous woman is a crown to her husband.”
  9. 9. Life and Age of Man, Stages of Man’s Life from the Cradle to the Grave, a print by Currier and Ives (ca. 1850).
  10. 10. Erikson’s Epigenetic Theory
  11. 11. Erikson’s Epigenetic Theory • Trust and mistrust • Autonomy and shame/doubt • Initiative and guilt • Industry and inferiority • Identity and identity confusion • Intimacy and isolation • Generativity and stagnation • Integrity and despair
  12. 12. Cut-away of nautilus shell (photograph by Paul Licht)
  13. 13. Erikson and religion: Implications for persons living with dementia • Discovery of the numinous in the face of the mothering person: ordering the world in hope • Ritual and love • The outcome of gaining a sense of identity: fidelity (faith) • The hard won wisdom of old age: living with the dynamic relationship of integrity and despair
  14. 14. Baltes’s (1987) life span development model applied to religion, spirituality, and aging • Development is life-long • Multidirectionality • Development involves gains and losses • Plasticity (its range and its limits) • Historical embeddedness • Necessity of an interdisciplinary approach • Contextualism: dynamic interaction among developmental influences – Age-graded influences – History-graded influences – Non-normative influences
  15. 15. Final thoughts and questions

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