Types of storiesfolktales, fairytales, fables, myths, legends,adventure, fantasy, family, animal, tall tales, trickstertales, scary stories… (the listgoes on)
Examples of what children need when they arelearning to read (from Sheila Drew)• Enjoyable stories• Authentic contexts, not contrived by adults• Rich visual images that make sense and can support thereading of the text• Play with words and sounds• Not necessarily ‘real’, but logically developed – nonsense thatmakes sense‘• Text that has visual qualities• ‘Matching relations’ – rhyme, rhythm, repetition, similarelements, different elements, setting rules and breaking themetc.• Suspense and danger (can be frightened / take risks withinthe safety of the story)• Beginning, middle and end … always?
1. CHARACTER:Who is your main character, and what is your character like?2. CHALLENGE:What challenge or problem must your character solve?3. MOTIVATION:What is motivating your character to solve thechallenge?4. SETTING:Where and when does your story take place?5. OBSTACLES:What obstacles stand in his/her way?a)b)c)6. CLIMAX:How does he/her finally solve the challenge?7. OUTCOME:What is the outcome of the story?An excellent planning guide from StoryJumper
Beginning Middle EndAct 1 Act 2 Act 3The setup The conflict The resolution• The maincharacter inhis/her setting• The characterhas a motivationand a goal• The hero movestowards the goal• Protagonistintroduced• The hero fallsand hits a majorlow point• This couldhappen severaltimesThe final pushThe final fightThere might be alow pointThe hero digs deepThere is a wrap upAdapted from Eddy Ching’s Story Structurehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1jBcitU7kBs
Putting this all togetherhttp://childrenswritersworld.blogspot.com/2012/11/mgya-webinar.htmlStart with a big question (what if?) and then think about how you would turn that question into astory.The structure of the story might be:* an inciting incident* turning points* around three attempts to resolve a big problem* a dark moment* the climax* the resolutionThings to consider about the characters:* The main character needs to undergo a change.* The main character must have a motivation or goal and obstacles that get in the way of thegoal.* Secondary characters may bring out other traits of the main character.* Characters should be allowed to make mistakes.
Example from Flat StanleyThe structure of the story might be:* an inciting incident* turning points* around three attempts toresolve a big problem* a dark moment* the climax* the resolution
What is required by the AfricanStorybook ProjectIn a separate blogpost we’ll talk about:• Length• How to gauge the level of Grade 3 reader• You can write the story in another language aslong as you send us a separate translation.• etc