Achieving Lowest Latencies at Highest Message Rates: Solarflare & Intel webcast

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Achieving Lowest Latencies at Highest Message Rates: Solarflare & Intel webcast

  1. 1. Thank you for joining!The Webinar will begin shortly
  2. 2. Achieving Lowest Latencies at HighestMessage Rates with Intel Xeon E5-2600and SolarflareJune 7, 2012
  3. 3. AGENDA• Intel – Xeon® Processor E5-2600 – Platform I/O enhancements• Solarflare – 10GbE server adapters – OpenOnload• How to achieve the best performance – Intel Xeon E5-2600 + Solarflare SFN6122F: winning combination• Q&A June 7, 2012 Slide 3
  4. 4. Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-2600 Product Family The Heart of a Next-Generation Data Center Leading Performance Up to 80% performance boost over Intel® Xeon® processor 5600 series-based servers1 Best combination of performance, power efficiency, and cost Flexible & Efficient Advanced features automate power consumption across the platform Software and workloads used in performance tests may have been optimized for performance only on Intel microprocessors. Performance tests, such as SYSmark and MobileMark, are measured using specific computer systems, components, software, operations and functions. Any change to any of those factors may cause the results to vary. You should consult other information and performance tests to assist you in fully evaluating your contemplated purchases, including the performance of that product when combined with other products. For more information go to intel.com/performance” 1 Performance comparison using best submitted/published 2-socket server results on the SPECfp*_rate_base2006 benchmark as of 6 March 2012. Configuration details in backup4
  5. 5. Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-2600 Product Family Reduce Bottlenecks With Intel® Integrated I/O Would you put a Intel® Integrated I/O racecar engine in this… Xeon E5 2600 CORE 1 CORE 2 CORE 3 CORE 4 CORE 5 CORE 6 CORE 7 CORE 8 …or this? CACHE Integrated PCI Express* 3.0 * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others5
  6. 6. Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-2600 Product Family New Intel® Integrated I/O Intel® Integrated I/O 1st server processor with Intel® Integrated I/O Reduces I/O latency by as much as 30%1 Improves IO bandwidth by as much as 2x with PCI Express* 3.0 support2 Software and workloads used in performance tests may have been optimized for performance only on Intel microprocessors. Performance tests, such as SYSmark and MobileMark, are measured using specific computer systems, components, software, operations and functions. Any change to any of those factors may cause the results to vary. You should consult other information and performance tests to assist you in fully evaluating your contemplated purchases, including the performance of that product when combined with other products. 1 Source: Intel internal measurements of average time for an I/O device read to local system memory under idle conditions comparing Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2600 product family (230 ns) vs. Intel® Xeon® processor 5500 series (340 ns). See notes in backup for configuration details 2 Source: 8 GT/s and 128b/130b encoding in PCIe* 3.0 specification enables double the interconnect bandwidth over the PCIe* 2.0 specification6 (www.pcisig.com/news_room/November_18_2010_Press_Release/ ). * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others
  7. 7. Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-2600 Product Family New Intel® Data Direct I/O Technology (Intel® DDIO) Can more than Double I/O Performance1 Send I/O directly to and from processor cache for all I/O traffic types Xeon 2600 Family Can allow system memory to remain in low power state Xeon Reduce latency by eliminating 5600 Series unneeded trips to memory [ Transactions per second ] Software and workloads used in performance tests may have been optimized for performance only on Intel microprocessors. Performance tests, such as SYSmark and MobileMark, are measured using specific computer systems, components, software, operations and functions. Any change to any of those factors may cause the results to vary. You should consult other information and performance tests to assist you in fully evaluating your contemplated purchases, including the performance of that product when combined with other products. 1 Up to 2.3x I/O performance is 1S with a Xeon processor 5600 series vs. 1S Xeon Processor E5-2600 data for L2 forwarding test using 8x10GbE ports .See notes in backup for configuration details7
  8. 8. Intel® Xeon® Processor E5-2600 Product Family The Heart of a Next-Generation Data Center Up to 80% performance boost vs. prior gen1 Dramatically reduce compute time with Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions Up to 4 channels DDR3 1600 Mhz memory Performance when you need it with Intel® Turbo Up to 8 cores Boost Technology 2.0 Up to 20 MB cache Integrated PCI Express* 3.0 Intel® Integrated I/O with Up to 40 Intel® Data Direct I/O lanes per socket cuts latency2 while adding capacity & bandwidth Software and workloads used in performance tests may have been optimized for performance only on Intel microprocessors. Performance tests, such as SYSmark and MobileMark, are measured using specific computer systems, components, software, operations and functions. Any change to any of those factors may cause the results to vary. You should consult other information and performance tests to assist you in fully evaluating your contemplated purchases, including the performance of that product when combined with other products. For more information go to intel.com/performance 1 Performance comparison using best submitted/published 2-socket server results on the SPECfp*_rate_base2006 benchmark as of 6 March 2012. 2 Source: Intel internal measurements of average time for an I/O device read to local system memory under idle conditions comparing Intel® Xeon® processor E5-2600 product family (230 ns) vs. Intel® Xeon® processor 5500 series (340 ns). See notes in backup for configuration details8 * Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others
  9. 9. Introducing Solarflare• Focused on high performance network solutions – Server adapters and software – Supporting mission critical applications • Trading / Market Data • HPC Storage • Cloud / Virtualization “Solarflare’s product, EnterpriseOnload is a • Big Data robust, rigorously tested and fully supported solution that addresses our demanding support• Leader in the Financial Services and service level requirements. In addition to – Powering Tier1 global exchanges providing the highest-performance, lowest- – Many top commercial banks / trading firms latency hardware, Solarflare’s unique and innovative application acceleration software can be used to deploy quickly without any need• Growing position in Media / HPC / Oil & Gas to re-write our applications.” Andrew Bach• World class delivery Senior Vice President of Network Services for NYSE Euronext – Global OEM/VAR and distributors – Direct 24x7 Global support June 7, 2012 Slide 9
  10. 10. Solarflare Server Adapters • Full range of products – Common driver support – Onload Server Adapter product line Dual Port SFP+ Single Port SFP+ • Delivers best latency performance – Performant Server Adapter product line • Optimized for Virtualization, Cloud, HPC, Grid • High performance Dual Port 10GBASE-T Single Port 10GBASE-T – Rich set of stateless off-loads • LRO, TSO, RSS, RFS – Microarchitecture designed for low latency – Cut Through State Machine Centric Data Path Dual Port SFP+ Quad Port IBM • Highly scalable virtualized architecture Precision Time Mezzanine Card – 2048 virtual NIC instances – SR-IOV • Lowest power in the industry Dual Port Dell DCS Card HP Blade Mezz Card – <2.5W/port SFP+ June 7, 2012 Slide 10
  11. 11. Precision Time Adapters • Adapters implement IEEE 1588 PTP to provide precision host clock synchronization – Hardware time stamping of PTP packets – Stratum 3 oscillator maintains high degree of precision – Solarflare provided (and maintained) PTPd stack – Open Platform (for 3rd party PTPd stack compatibilty) – Compatible with standard Solarflare drivers • Two stage approach provides unmatched accuracy and stability – Server clock synchronized to precision Stratum 3 adapter clock – Adapter clock synchronized to server clock SFN6322F – Maintains <+/- 200ns accuracy • SFN6322F PTP server adapter – Based on SFN6122F • Same performance and latency characteristics • Compatible with OpenOnload June 7, 2012 Slide 11
  12. 12. OpenOnload® Application Acceleration Software • Application Acceleration • TCP/IP, UDP and multicast acceleration • Streamlines and reduces interrupts, context switches and data copies • Reduces latency by 50%, increases message rates 3x or more • Seamlessly integrates into existing infrastructure • Binary compatible with industry standard APIs • No software modifications are needed • Standards-based solution uses TCP/IP and UDP • No specialized protocols needed • Compatible with existing Ethernet infrastructure • Open source GPLv2 / LGPL • Global 24x7 support available June 7, 2012 Slide 12
  13. 13. SFN6122F & Xeon E5-2600 Deliver Winning Combination “Lowest latency at highest message rate” • SFN6122F single-stream latency is superb over all message rates on Romley platforms, right up to the point of CPU core utilization • Ultra-low jitter (sub-micro at 99Percentile) • Benefits from Intel® Data Direct I/O (DDIO) and chipset IO – memory bandwidth • Message rate headroom – sfnt-stream / openonload-201109-u2 20Mpps with 4x sfnt-streams“Westmere” = 2x Xeon 5687 (3.6GHz)“Romley” = 2x E5-2687W (3.1GHz) – DDR 1333 June 7, 2012 Slide 13
  14. 14. The lowest TCP and UDP latency June 7, 2012 Slide 14
  15. 15. Bonding + VLANs + epoll and the lowest jitter June 7, 2012 Slide 15
  16. 16. The highest message rates June 7, 2012 Slide 16
  17. 17. What are the causes of latency jitter?• Resource contention – Threads fighting for access to CPU – Threads fighting for access to critical sections – Running out of memory! – Fix this by dedicating resources to critical threads, including: • Memory • CPU cores • Onload stacks• Queuing delays – If you’re keeping up with incoming rate latency is generally good – If you fall behind, you get queuing delays – Fix this by: • Making each thread more efficient (hard) • Going parallel / hardware assist (very hard) June 7, 2012 Slide 17
  18. 18. Moving to the new platform? • Switching from SFN5xxx to SFN6xxx or Westmere to Romley ? – Then first-order nothing changes  • Same methodology for Onload tuning – But be aware of PCIe slot affinitisation • Westmere 2Proc machines shared IOH / symmetric performance • Romley 2Proc machines have asymmetric performance S1 S2 S1 S2 IOH N N N N 1 2 1 2 Westmere 2xCPU Romley 2xCPU June 7, 2012 Slide 18
  19. 19. Additional Romley Tuning • Check NIC is plugged into PCIe slot which is NUMA local to the application threads which are processing data from that NIC • If using interrupts, check that interrupts are directed to a core on the same NUMA node • If running RT ensure soft-irq threads are pinned to the same core as the interrupts (start with nothing pinned!) S1 S2 S1 S2 IOH N N N N 1 2 1 2 Westmere 2xCPU Romley 2xCPU June 7, 2012 Slide 19
  20. 20. How to achieve the best performance - IntelMaximizing Performance involves “System Level” optimizations• OEM BIOS Settings: SMI, HyperThreading, C-States- All Off – Experiment with EIST & Turbo On/Off• On the application: Maximize your resources by… 1. Pin Threads, Interrupts, and Processes to individual cores using CPU_ID 2. Place “communication” functions threads on adjacent cores 3. Use PCM to determine L3 Cache Misses & Keep data in L3 Cache  http://software.intel.com/file/41604 4. Compile w/Performance Settings, Use PGO, Evaluate IPP / SSE 4.2 Strings  http://software.intel.com/en-us/articles/using-avx-without-writing-avx-code/• Determine how many cores your trading strategy requires 1. Can it run on 8 cores? If so, match up CPU+NIC per strategy  https://access.redhat.com/knowledge/solutions/53031 Enlist Solarflare and Intel for help. We are eager to engage. June 7, 2012 Slide 20
  21. 21. Join The Conversation & Find Support• Find support from Intel & Others @finteligent• Debate critical industry questions• Interact with your peers across the globe. June 7, 2012 Slide 21
  22. 22. Q&A
  23. 23. Thank You! For Joining this Event(A recording will be available later)

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