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Diet, health oral health

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Diet, health oral health

  1. 1. - - FINHAS. A . PETIWALA BDS
  2. 2. FOOD
  3. 3. DIET COUNSELING Dietary counseling provides individualizing nutritional care for encouraging modification of eating habits  It may also assist in prevention or treatment of nutrition - related illnesses such as –  • • • • • Caries and other oral disorders Cardiovascular disease Cancer Obesity Diabetes
  4. 4. AIM AND PURPOSE Provides the patient important insight into food-related illnesses and education regarding how various nutrients affect illnesses or obesity.  As Dentists – Prevention and Maintenance of Oral health through Diet. 
  5. 5. DIET AND ORAL HEALTH Appropriate nutrition play a major role in good Dental health  Diet is a major aetiological factor for  • •  Dental caries Enamel erosion Nutritional status impacts on the • • • • Development of the teeth The host’s resistance to many oral conditions Periodontal diseases Oral cancer
  6. 6. ROLE OF DIET IN DENTAL CARIES  Etiology of caries: PLAYS A MAJOR ROLE
  7. 7. Caries Proces •Sugar •Stick foods •Other carbohydrates
  8. 8. ROLE OF DIET IN DENTAL DEVELOPMENT  Nutrients essential • • • • Vitamin A – Enamel Vitamin C – Dentin Vitamin D – Structural matrix of bones and teeth Calcium – Fluorapatite formation along with • • • • • Phosphorus Fluoride Foods containing above nutrients recommended during pregnancy Malnutrition causes defectively formed teeth Eruption of teeth is delayed in malnourished
  9. 9. ROLE OF DIET IN PERIODONTAL DISEASE Periodontal tissues will benefit when nutrition is adequate  Deficiencies of Vitamin C, Folic acid, and Zinc may be more susceptible periodontal disease  Tobacco consumption accentuates the disease process 
  10. 10. HEALTHY DIET •Lowers risk of many chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. •Helps to maintain a healthy weight. •Provides people with more energy. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Dietary Guidelines describe a healthy diet as one that: •Emphasizes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products; •Includes lean meats, poultry, fish, beans, eggs, and nuts; and •Is low in saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol, salt (sodium), and added sugars.
  11. 11. AN APPLE EACH DAY KEEPS DOCTOR AWAY? Fresh fruits appear to be low carcinogenicity, Citrus fruits have not been associated.  Large consumption of Apples and Grapes can result in dental caries.  High consumption of fruit juice can cause dental erosion.  Sugared fruit flavored drinks should not be frequently used. 
  12. 12. MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS  Cow’s milk contain lactose about and 4-8 gm/100 gm respectively  The presence of Calcium and Phosphate in Milk can prevent dissolution of Enamel and Milk have other protective factors as well Casein is a Phosphoprotein present in milk is responsible for caries protective effect Cheese have anti-caries properties  
  13. 13. FOOD TIPS • • • • • • Vary your veggies Focus on fruit Go lean with protein Get your calcium rich foods Make half your grains whole Find your balance between food and physical activity Limit sugar intake: Foods high in sugar often have too many calories and not enough nutrients. Sugar also promotes tooth decay. Limit salty foods: Salty foods can increase your risk of high blood pressure.
  14. 14. DIET DIARY :  The individual should be asked to record three days of his or her intake in the diary  One of the 3 days should be a weekend days as food habits may be different on that day  Children as young as 11 years can keep their own records and children young as 7 years are likely to do with parental help
  15. 15. ORAL HEALTH EDUCATION  Reduce sucrose consumption  Sweets are not to be eaten between meals or at bedtime  Emphasize foods that require chewing, stay away from soft/sticky foods  Brush teeth after meals and ALWAYS at Bedtime  Discuss the danger of “hidden” sugars such as starchy foods (bread)
  16. 16. VISIT YOUR DENTIST AT LEAST TWICE A YEAR  Keep teeth and gums healthy  Proper nutrition  Dental exams  Proper brushing  Proper flossing

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