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  1. 1. Dance & Fitness:<br />Basic Dance<br />Amanda Lawson<br />EDU 209<br />February 2011<br /><br /><br />
  2. 2. Dance:<br />dance<br />“An art form that generally refers to movement of the body, usually rhythmic and to music, used as a form of expression, social interaction or presented in a spiritual or performance setting.”<br /><br />
  3. 3. History of<br />dance<br />No one is certain when dance came into the human culture.<br /><br /><br />
  4. 4. History of<br />dance<br />Dance is an important part when it comes to ceremonies, rituals, celebrations, and entertainment.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  5. 5. Dance Categories<br />Dance is categorized by dancers who do solo, partner, or group dancing.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  6. 6. Dance Categories<br />dance and music<br />Dance is to be performed “in time” depending on the dance style. If dance is performed without music, it is called “dancing to it’s own rhythm.”<br /><br /><br />
  7. 7. Dance Competitions<br />“an organized event in which contestants perform dances before a judge or judges for awards and, in some cases, monetary prizes.”<br /><br />
  8. 8. Types of Competitions<br />competitivedance<br />Theater dance styles;<br />Ballet<br /> Jazz<br /> Hip-hop<br /> Lyrical<br />Tap<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  9. 9. Types of Competitions<br />Open competition<br />Permits a wide variety of dance styles;<br />So You Think You Can Dance<br /><br /><br /><br />
  10. 10. Types of Competitions<br />dance sport<br />Focuses mainly on ballroom and Latin dance styles;<br />Dancing with the Stars<br /><br /><br /><br />
  11. 11. Types of Competitions<br />single-style<br />Permits a single dance style;<br />Highland Dance<br />Dance Team Irish Dance<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  12. 12. Dance Jobs<br />dancer<br />Dancers get employed on a contract for performances. They usually do dance related jobs to get more income.<br /><br /><br /><br />
  13. 13. Dance Jobs<br />dance teacher<br />Most dance teachers employ themselves. They teach at studios that rely on reputation.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  14. 14. Dance Jobs<br />Dance sport coaches<br />Tournament dancers, that are recognized by dance sport federations.<br /><br /><br /><br />
  15. 15. Dance Jobs<br />choreographer<br />University trained and are usually asked to work on making up dance projects.<br /><br /><br /><br />
  16. 16. Types of Dances<br />jazz<br />“a classification shared by a broad range of dance styles.”<br /><br /><br /><br />
  17. 17. Modern Jazz<br />jazz<br />People who do jazz usually wear leather jazz shoes to prevent them from slipping. Jazz dancers stretch to get their muscles warmed up to make sure they don’t get hurt.<br /><br /><br /><br />
  18. 18. Technique<br />jazz<br />Center Control<br />“By treating the center of balance as the point from which movements emanate, it becomes possible to maintain balance and control while executing movements that would otherwise take the dancer off balance.”<br /><br />
  19. 19. Technique<br />jazz<br />Spotting<br />“This enables dancers to maintain balance and control while executing turns such as pirouettes and fouettés, by reducing the dizzying effect of repeated rotation.”<br /><br />
  20. 20. Technique<br />jazz<br />Pointing<br />“When pointing, dancers stretch their ankles and point their toes so as to align their feet with the leg lines in an aesthetically pleasing manner.”<br /><br />
  21. 21. Types of Dances<br />tap<br />“a form of dance characterized by a tapping sound that is created from metal plates attached to both the ball and heel of the dancer's shoe. These metal plates, when tapped against a suitable surface, create a percussive sound and as such tap dance is a form of dance as well as the act of playing a musical instrument.”<br /><br /><br /><br />
  22. 22. Characteristics of Tap<br />tap<br />Tap dancers dance with their legs, to make a loud, grounded sound. <br />This is called “Rhythm Tap.”<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  23. 23. Characteristics of Tap<br />tap<br />The most common tap steps:<br />Shuffle<br />Shuffle ball change<br />Flap<br />Flap heel<br />Cramp roll<br />Buffalo<br />Maxi Ford<br />Wings<br />Pull backs<br />Paddle roll<br />Scuff<br />Chug<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  24. 24. Types of Dances<br />ballet<br />“a formalized kind of performance dance. It is a poised style of dance that incorporates the foundational techniques for many other dance forms.”<br /><br /><br /><br />
  25. 25. Classical Ballet<br />Uses traditional ballet techniques. <br />Rules;<br />-A position called 'plie' is used in almost every exercise<br />-Everything is turned out.<br />-When the feet are not on the floor, they're pointed.<br />-When the leg is not bent, it's stretched completely.<br />-Posture, alignment, and placement are vital.<br /><br /><br /><br />
  26. 26. Contemporary Ballet<br />A form of classical ballet and modern dance. The dance moves from classical and strict body lines form this type of dance.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  27. 27. Neoclassical Ballet<br />Dancers usually dance at a faster tempo than classical ballet.<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />
  28. 28. Types of Dances<br />hip-hop<br />“Refers to dance styles primarily danced to hip-hop music or that have evolved as part of hip-hop culture. This includes a wide range of styles notably breaking, locking, and popping which were developed in the 1970s by Black and Latino Americans. What separates hip-hop dance from other forms of dance is that it is often freestyle. These three elements—freestyling, battles, and ciphers—are key components of hip-hop dance.”<br /><br /><br /><br />
  29. 29. Main Styles<br />hip-hop<br />Breaking<br />“Breaking includes four foundational dances: toprock, footwork oriented steps performed while standing up; downrock, footwork performed on the floor using the hands to support your weight; freezes, stylish poses done on your hands;[and power moves, difficult and impressive acrobatic moves.”<br /><br /><br /><br />
  30. 30. Main Styles<br />hip-hop<br />Locking<br />“In locking, a dancer holds their positions longer. The lock is the primary move used in locking. It is "similar to a freeze or a sudden pause." A locker's dancing is characterized by consistently locking in place and after a quick freeze moving again.”<br /><br /><br /><br />
  31. 31. Main Styles<br />hip-hop<br />Popping<br />“It is based on the technique of quickly contracting and relaxing muscles to cause a jerk in the dancer's body, referred to as a pop or a hit. Each hit should be synchronized to the rhythm and beats of the music.”<br /><br /><br /><br />
  32. 32. the end<br />