monsanto 09-20-05b

1,031 views

Published on

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,031
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
18
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

monsanto 09-20-05b

  1. 1. Bt Corn in Spain Miguel León Lleida, September 21st, 2005
  2. 2. Some of the major milestones in agricultural biotechnology originated in Europe • Agrobacterium transformation (Belgium) • First commercial GM plant (bromoxinil tolerant tobacco, Rhone Poulenc, France) • First processed GM food: tomato paste (ICI - UK) • First Bt corn grown in the USA (Novartis - Switzerland) • First GM canola (spring oil seed rape) grown in Canada (PGS - Belgium) • First Bt corn grown in Europe (Novartis - Switzerland)
  3. 3. The EU has made significant advances in the adoption of ag biotechnology • A completely overhauled, rigorous and comprehensive regulatory system • End of the moratorium • New product approvals (NK603, GT73, etc.) • 17 Bt corn hybrids listed on the EU Catalog • Commercial plantings in 2005 in five EU countries (Spain, Portugal, France, Germany and the Czech Republic) • Over 200,000 Has of Bt corn grown in Spain since 1998
  4. 4. Indeed, the EU has been using and consuming GMO products since 1996 • Field trials: – Over 2,000 plant releases since 1991 • Imports: – 32 million MT of soybean products from USA, Argentina and Brazil – 4 million MT of corn gluten feed from the USA – 0.5 - 1 million MT of corn grain from Argentina
  5. 5. Spain is an important agricultural country within the EU % contribution of each member state to the total agricultural production in the EU -15 France: 23.1% Germany: 15.4% Italy: 15.4% Spain: 12.5% UK: 8.7% The Netherlands: 6.8%
  6. 6. Corn is an important crop in many areas of Spain AREA Average Yield Production (KHa's) MT/Ha) ('000 MT) France 1,900 8.5 16,000 Ha’s Italy 1,150 9.4 11,000 15-1,000 Spain 450 10.2 4,900 1,000-2,600 Total EU (15) 4,425 8.8 39,000 2,600-6,100 6,100-17,000 Source: EU Commission, Coceral Source: Ministry of Agriculture 17,000-26,000 26,000-51,000
  7. 7. Corn Borer infestations occur to some degree in all corn growing regions Overall, about 20% of Spanish corn suffers some or severe Corn borer pressure economic losses because of Not significant Source: Syngenta Seeds corn borer attacks Low Medium High
  8. 8. Corn borers tunnel into the ears and stalk causing extensive damage: • Weak stalks, loss of yield • Damage to the ears
  9. 9. Damages are not only to yield, but also to grain quality
  10. 10. Corn borers are difficult to control with conventional (chemical) methods NOV-APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT adults pupae eggs larvae larvae eggs adults pupae Overwintering larvae • 2 - 4 generations/yr • Severe damage in the early stages of plant growth
  11. 11. Bt corn (Bt) offers many advantages to the grower and to the environment • Season long insect protection to the whole plant (leaves, stalks and ears) • Healthy plants that yield more • Higher grain quality • No impact on beneficial insects • Easier crop management • Savings in time and money • Reduction in insecticide use
  12. 12. In 2004, more than 19 million Has of GM corn were grown around the World Canada Spain USA Philippines Honduras Uruguay So. Africa Argentina
  13. 13. Trials were done to study the benefits of Bt corn in Spain Corn yield (MT/Ha) 16 14 12 10 8 6 Conventional (untreated) 4 Conventional (treated) 2 Bt 0 1997 1998
  14. 14. In view of these results and the corn borer problems, Spain adopted Bt corn in 1998 • The Min. of Ag. approved 2 varieties of Bt corn (of which only one was actually planted) – Total surface had to be limited to about 25,000 Ha’s (5% of the total corn planted in the country) – Seed company had to follow a 5 year monitoring plan • In the period 1998-2005, over 200,000 Ha’s of Bt corn have been grown in Spain
  15. 15. The economics of Bt corn are very favorable for the farmer 4,500 3,800 4,000 3,400 3,500 Yield Loss (Kg/Ha) 3,000 2,500 2,200 2,000 1,500 1,200 800 1,000 500 200 10% 30% 50% 70% 90% 100% Stalks with borer attacks Cost of Bt
  16. 16. Good results and farmer satisfaction have resulted in substantial increase in Bt corn use In 2005, there are 29 Bt Penetration of Bt corn corn hybrids approved (% m.s. of the corn borer market) for planting in Spain, 17 Conventional corn in the EU 20% 80% 58 Bt corn 48 BT Corn Surface (KHA's) 32 22.5 22.5 22.5 22.5 15 '98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05
  17. 17. The trade of corn grain and consumption of corn based products has not been disrupted
  18. 18. The trade of corn grain and consumption of corn based products has not been disrupted • 85% of Spanish corn is used for feed • 50,000 - 120,000 MT of locally produced GM- free corn purchased by major wet miller (corn processor for food): - Traceability - Agreements with individual coops or large farmers - Testing of grain lots • Cost to the corn trade: 0.5% of price of grain
  19. 19. Biotechnology is the future. Good technologies ultimately succeed and prevail “In the future, all crops will be transgenic” James Watson, 2005 “Laws and institutions must go hand in hand with the progress of human kind. As that becomes more developed, more enlightened, as new discoveries are made, new truths disclosed, and manners and opinions change with the change of circumstances, institutions must advance also, and keep pace with the times” Thomas Jefferson, 1816

×