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INDUSTRIALISED ofINDUSTRIALISED of
CONSTRUCTION SECTORCONSTRUCTION SECTOR
THROUGHTHROUGH
IBS ROADMAP 2003-2010IBS ROADMAP ...
MMCMMC
Modern MethodModern Method
ConstructionConstruction
OFFSITEOFFSITE
IBSIBS
Industrialised Building SystemIndustriali...
Part 3 :
The Way Forward
Part 1 :
The Current Scenario of
Malaysian Construction Industry
Part 2 :
Promoting Industrialize...
IBS ROADMAP 2003-2010
• On the 29th Oct 2003, the
Cabinet has endorsed a
document – IBS
RoadMap 2003-2010
Introduction
 IBS Roadmap 2003-2010 endorsed by the
Cabinet on 29th
. October 2003
 the blueprint document towards achieving the
Indu...
IntroductionPart 1 :
Implementing the Roadmap
Cabinet
Ministry of Works
[Inter-Ministry coordination committee]
[Chaired b...
Poor Site ConditionPart 1 :
The Current Scenario of
Malaysian Construction Industry
 Messy sites
 Poor S & H
 High wast...
SO WHAT IS
CONSTRUCTION
ACTUALLY??
DIRTYDIRTY
DIFFICULTDIFFICULT
DANGEROUSDANGEROUS
“Construction techniques in which components are
manufactured in a factory, on or off site, positioned
and assembled into ...
Processing
of steel
Assembly
of floor frame
Assembly of
ceiling frame
Assembly of
sidewall frames
Assembly of
structural u...
ConceptsPart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building
Systems – Simplifying Construction
ConceptsPart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building
Systems – Simplifying Construction
UsagePart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building Systems (IBS) – Simplifying
Construction
FIGURE 4.3 - Knowledge in Industr...
UsagePart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building Systems (IBS) – Simplifying
Construction
“IBS Survey 2005 – Survey on the ...
CharacteristicsPart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building
Systems – Simplifying Construction
5. Systematic Quality Control...
1. Precast Concrete framing, panel,
box systems
TypesPart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building
Systems – Simplifying Cons...
2. Steel formworks systems
TypesPart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building
Systems – Simplifying Construction
Tunnel forms...
3. Steel frame systems
TypesPart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building
Systems – Simplifying Construction
Steel beams and ...
4. Prefab timber frame systems
TypesPart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building
Systems – Simplifying Construction
Timber f...
5. Block work systems
TypesPart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building
Systems – Simplifying Construction
Interlocking conc...
1. Reduction of site labour
2. Minimal wastage
3. Less site materials
4. Cleaner environment
5. Controlled quality
6. Neat...
Shorter construction period; if there is consistently large
number of apartments to be constructed.
Time Scale (Months)
Pr...

Labour efficient through mechanisation, reduces 30%
labour
Sumber :Setia Precast
Sdn Bhd
IBS – Not A New Concept
Concept of prefabrication started
from the panellised timber houses
(circa, 1624) shipped form Eng...
CIDB’s efforts in promoting IBS
started since 1998
Earlier, concentrated on
Awareness/Promotion/Training
Early EffortsPart...
However, usage of IBS in construction of
buildings is still relatively very low if compared to
infra works (bridges, tunne...
Labour is cheap, so why IBS?
• Because labour is not going to stay cheap and
abundant forever and disruption to supply is
...
UsagePart 2 :
Promoting Industrialized Building
Systems – Simplifying Construction
IBS components are expensive, so why IB...
Part 3 :
The Way Forward- The IBS
RoadMap 2003-2010
THE WAY FORWARD
IS TO INDUSTRIALISE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
THROUGH COMPONENTS INDUSTRY
BUILT-IN
COMPONENTS
STRUCTURAL
COMPO...
Standardisation/ CoordinationPart 3 :
The Way Forward
To facilitate open
industrialization,
coordination is
needed in term...
Vendors,
manufacturer
IBS - HOLLISTIC APPROACH
Contractor, assemblers, fabricators
Designers,
(architects, engineers)
Clie...
MS 1064 : 2001 :GUIDE TO MODULAR
COORDINATION IN BUILDINGS
PART 1: General Principles
PART 2: Storey and Room Heights
PART...
Based on MS1064, MC
coordinates the positions,
dimensions of components
and spaces in building designs
Base module :
M = 1...
New Strategies
New Strategies on IBS & MC needed to promote
industrialisation; Enforcement & Incentives in
addition to Awa...
“Closed System”
mass - production
one end product
etc.
Mula-mula:
Projek
Kemudian:
Sistem
Bekalan:
Syarikat tertentu
First...
“Open System”
DESIGN GUIDE
CATALOGUE
etc.
?
?
First a system
Then many
projects
Open supply
Future ScenarioPart 3 :
The Wa...
IBS Roadmap 2003-2010Part 3 :
The Way Forward
5. Marketing/Promotion
2. Materials/Components/Machines
1. Manpower
3. Manag...
• To have a labour policy that gradually reduces
PERCENTAGE OF FOREIGN WORKERS from the
current 75% to 55% in 2005, 25% in...
• Continue efforts to develop NOSS ( National
Occupational Skill Standards).
• Continue Workers training and certification...
• Commence the site supervisory training and
certification programme which includes
knowledge on IBS
• To start BUMIPUTERA...
• Enforce the use of Modular Coordination
based on MS 1064 through Uniformed Building
By Laws (UBBL) by local authorities....
• Develop software for MC components and
dimensioning.
• Include the IBS/MC knowledge into the
standards of practice and t...
• Offer specialised contractors training and
certification programmes to cater for IBS
related registration codes.
• Conti...
• Enforce IBS usage in government (building)
projects in phases (from 30% in 2004 to 70% in 2008).
• Offer levy exemptions...
• Introduce Buildability Programme beginning
2006 for private (building) projects and
enforcing it through the local Autho...
• Publish IBS product catalogues.
• Continue IBS/MC road show programmes at
the national and international levels.
• Estab...
2005 Budget:2005 Budget:
1. Directives:1. Directives:
- Govt building projects- Govt building projects ≥≥ 50% IBS Score50%...
IBS ScoringPart 3 :
The Way Forward
• Part 1 – Structural
Element (50%)
• Part 2 – Wall
Element (30%)
• Part 3 – Other
Sim...
Case StudiesCase StudiesPart 4 :
Case StudiesCase Studies
SJK(C) DAMANSARA
PETALING JAYA
SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN
Case StudiesCase StudiesPart 4 :
Sumber : JKR
PROJECT DETAILS
Cabinet’s directive - 31Januari 2001
school to be completed in 2001 – 8 months
•project site : 2 .1 hectar...
Ground level
MAC 2001
MAC 2001
Level 1
•Fast track project using prefabricated
components
•Beams, floor slabs (half slabs ...
Roof level
APR - MEI 2001
External works
MAC - APRIL 2001
Level 2
APRIL - MEI 2001
Level 3
Back
elevation
Front elevation
Case StudiesCase StudiesPart 4:
Case StudiesPart 4 :
 IBS STRUCTURE:
“HOLLOWCORE” SLABS;
PRECAST CONCRETE
COLUMNS & BEAMS
 9,900 m2, 4 FLOORS
 COMPLETI...
PROJECT DETAILS
a compact design to house two schools in
a total site area of 48,220 sq.ft.
•start of project : 6 February...
• project constraints – limited site, busy
access, short construction period
• 75 % of building components were
prefabrica...
installation of 3rd floor slab on 28.05.03
installation of precast staircases
fixing of wall panel
completion of external ...
in 2001 – new design alternatives for all categories of government
quarters were initiated
NEW DESIGN FOR GOVERNMENT
QUART...
Projek Akademi Audit Negara, Nilai, NS
Krtrs kelas F & G – load bearing design, precast wall,
slab, column & beam
Projek Akademi Audit Negara, Nilai, NS
Projek Balai Polis, Senawang, NS
frame system : cast-in-situ
column & beam, precast infill
wall & slab
Krtrs kelas F
Krtrs...
Projek Balai Polis, Senawang, NS
Projek Balai Polis, Senawang, NS
Case StudiesPart 4 :
 KEDAH STATE GOVERNMENT
 IBS STRUCTURE:
“HOLLOWCORE” SLABS;
PRECAST CONCRETE
COLUMNS & BEAMS
 25,5...
Case StudiesPart 4 :
 PENANG STATE
GOVERNMENT
 IBS STRUCTURE:
“HOLLOWCORE” SLABS;
PRECAST CONCRETE
COLUMNS & BEAMS
 7,5...
Case StudiesPart 4:
 MAJLIS PERBANDARAN
PPINANG
 IBS STRUCTURE:
“HOLLOWCORE” SLABS;
PRECAST CONCRETE
COLUMNS, BEAMS &
BL...
Case StudiesPart 4 :
 IBS STRUCTURE: METAL
FORMWORKS FOR WALLS,
SLABS, BEAMS & COLUMNS
 TWO 26-30 STOREY TOWERS
(APARTME...
Case StudiesPart 4:
 IBS STRUCTURE:
LIGHTWEIGHT BLOCKS &
PRECAST CONCRETE WALLS;
PRECAST CONCRETE SLABS
 10,000 UNITS, 4...
Case StudiesPart 4 :
 CIDB MALAYSIA
 IBS STRUCTURE: PRECAST
CONCRETE SLABS, BEAMS,
COLUMNS & WALLS
 9,600 m2, 6 WORKSHO...
Case StudiesPart 4 :
 MINISTRY OF HEALTH
 620-BED HOSPITAL
 HYBRID IBS STRUCTURE OF
STEEL FRAMES; PRECAST
CONCRETE SLAB...
Case StudiesPart 4 :
 IBS STRUCTURE: “SOLID” &
“HOLLOWCORE” SLABS;
PRECAST CONCRETE WALLS,
STAIRCASES, GUTTERS,
BEAMS & C...
Case StudiesPart 4 :
 IBS STRUCTURE: PRECAST
CONCRETE SLABS, WALLS &
STAIRCASES
 756 UNITS, 6 BLOCKS, 8-16
FLOORS
 CONS...
IBS ROADMAP 2003-2010:
towards labour reduction and
better productivity,quality, safety &
environment; reducing total
indu...
Thank you
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  1. 1. INDUSTRIALISED ofINDUSTRIALISED of CONSTRUCTION SECTORCONSTRUCTION SECTOR THROUGHTHROUGH IBS ROADMAP 2003-2010IBS ROADMAP 2003-2010 11 JULY 200611 JULY 2006 Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia (CIDB)Construction Industry Development Board Malaysia (CIDB) Rozaiman HassanRozaiman Hassan
  2. 2. MMCMMC Modern MethodModern Method ConstructionConstruction OFFSITEOFFSITE IBSIBS Industrialised Building SystemIndustrialised Building System
  3. 3. Part 3 : The Way Forward Part 1 : The Current Scenario of Malaysian Construction Industry Part 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction Conclusion Introduction Part 4 : Case Study
  4. 4. IBS ROADMAP 2003-2010 • On the 29th Oct 2003, the Cabinet has endorsed a document – IBS RoadMap 2003-2010 Introduction
  5. 5.  IBS Roadmap 2003-2010 endorsed by the Cabinet on 29th . October 2003  the blueprint document towards achieving the Industrialisation of the construction sector and the longer term objective of Open Building Concept. IBS ROADMAP 2003-2010 Introduction
  6. 6. IntroductionPart 1 : Implementing the Roadmap Cabinet Ministry of Works [Inter-Ministry coordination committee] [Chaired by : KSU KKR] Ministries Agencies CIDB Implementation Coordinator/secretariat IBS Steering Com. Stakeholders Policy
  7. 7. Poor Site ConditionPart 1 : The Current Scenario of Malaysian Construction Industry  Messy sites  Poor S & H  High wastage  Labour intensive  Low quality  Delays
  8. 8. SO WHAT IS CONSTRUCTION ACTUALLY?? DIRTYDIRTY DIFFICULTDIFFICULT DANGEROUSDANGEROUS
  9. 9. “Construction techniques in which components are manufactured in a factory, on or off site, positioned and assembled into a structure with minimal additional site works” DefinitionPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction
  10. 10. Processing of steel Assembly of floor frame Assembly of ceiling frame Assembly of sidewall frames Assembly of structural unit Attachment of exterior walls Application of insulators Attachment of interior walls Incorporation of kitchen facilities Incorporation of bath and sanitary facilities Final inspection Packing Shipment Delivery Installation Major production process - Manufactured house (Sekisui)
  11. 11. ConceptsPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction
  12. 12. ConceptsPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction
  13. 13. UsagePart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems (IBS) – Simplifying Construction FIGURE 4.3 - Knowledge in Industrialised Building Systems (IBS) 34% 66% % GOOD % POOR “IBS Survey 2005 – Survey on the Malaysian Architects’ Experience in IBS Construction”.
  14. 14. UsagePart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems (IBS) – Simplifying Construction “IBS Survey 2005 – Survey on the Malaysian Architects’ Experience in IBS Construction”. FIGURE 4.5 - Experience in Using IBS Components in Building Projects 30% 70% YES NO
  15. 15. CharacteristicsPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction 5. Systematic Quality Control (ISO 9000 QMS) 2. Labour reduction 3. Modular Coordination - Open building concept 4. Modern design / manufacturing (ex.CAD/CAM) 1. Industrial production of components (prefab, precast under controlled environment) or highly mechanised in-situ processes (slip forms, etc.)
  16. 16. 1. Precast Concrete framing, panel, box systems TypesPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction PC columns, beams, slabs, 3d-components (balconies, staircases, toilets, lift chambers, box girders, etc)
  17. 17. 2. Steel formworks systems TypesPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction Tunnel forms, beams and column moulding forms, permanent steel formworks (metal decks), etc
  18. 18. 3. Steel frame systems TypesPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction Steel beams and columns, portal frames, roof trusses, etc
  19. 19. 4. Prefab timber frame systems TypesPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction Timber frames, roof trusses, etc
  20. 20. 5. Block work systems TypesPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction Interlocking concrete masonry unit, lightweight concrete blocks, etc
  21. 21. 1. Reduction of site labour 2. Minimal wastage 3. Less site materials 4. Cleaner environment 5. Controlled quality 6. Neater and safer sites 7. Faster project completion 8. Lower total construction costs due to the above BenefitsPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction
  22. 22. Shorter construction period; if there is consistently large number of apartments to be constructed. Time Scale (Months) Precast System 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Production Foundation Concurrently done ( with 2 week lead time) Erection Finishing Mechanical & Electrical Infrastructure Testing & commisioning Handing Over Overall completion Period Conventional System 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Foundation Construction- superstructure Finishing Mechanical & Electrical Infrastructure Testing & commisioning Handing Over Overall completion Period 18 Month Completion 24 Month Completion Sumber :Setia Precast Sdn Bhd
  23. 23.  Labour efficient through mechanisation, reduces 30% labour Sumber :Setia Precast Sdn Bhd
  24. 24. IBS – Not A New Concept Concept of prefabrication started from the panellised timber houses (circa, 1624) shipped form England to the new settlements in America Ref: Salahuddin, 2001 HistoryPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction
  25. 25. CIDB’s efforts in promoting IBS started since 1998 Earlier, concentrated on Awareness/Promotion/Training Early EffortsPart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction
  26. 26. However, usage of IBS in construction of buildings is still relatively very low if compared to infra works (bridges, tunnels, etc) Only 15% IBS in building (Ref: IBS Survey, 2003) Main Reason : Relatively cheap and abundant supply of foreign labour for Malaysian industry c.f. Labour cost in developed economies such as Finland - 10 times the rates in Malaysia (Ref: Gardiner & Theobald, 2002) UsagePart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction
  27. 27. Labour is cheap, so why IBS? • Because labour is not going to stay cheap and abundant forever and disruption to supply is catastrophic • Industry needs better productivity, quality and safety to be globally competitive • Move towards k-economy UsagePart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction
  28. 28. UsagePart 2 : Promoting Industrialized Building Systems – Simplifying Construction IBS components are expensive, so why IBS? • True. The components cost higher than conventional, but in-situ construction has hidden costs that usually lead to higher expenditure; due to rectifications, wastages, etc • IBS components currently cost higher because: Low demand Low standardisation of components (moulds need to custom made or adjusted to suit orders)
  29. 29. Part 3 : The Way Forward- The IBS RoadMap 2003-2010
  30. 30. THE WAY FORWARD IS TO INDUSTRIALISE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY THROUGH COMPONENTS INDUSTRY BUILT-IN COMPONENTS STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS RAILING COMPONENTS DOOR COMPONENTS WINDOW COMPONENTS Ref: JKR, 2003
  31. 31. Standardisation/ CoordinationPart 3 : The Way Forward To facilitate open industrialization, coordination is needed in terms of : Dimensions Tolerance Joints and details Technical compatibility
  32. 32. Vendors, manufacturer IBS - HOLLISTIC APPROACH Contractor, assemblers, fabricators Designers, (architects, engineers) Client/Asset manager IBS Component Catalogues Design Guides Standardisation/ CoordinationPart 3 : The Way Forward
  33. 33. MS 1064 : 2001 :GUIDE TO MODULAR COORDINATION IN BUILDINGS PART 1: General Principles PART 2: Storey and Room Heights PART 3: Coordinating Sizes and Preferred Dimensions for Stairs and Stairs Opening PART 4: Coordinating Sizes and Preferred Dimensions for Doorsets PART 5: Coordinating Sizes and Preferred Dimensions for Windowsets PART 6: Coordinating Sizes and Preferred Dimensions for Rigid Flat Sheet PART 7: Coordinating Sizes and Preferred Dimensions for Tiles PART 8: Coordinating Sizes and Preferred Dimensions for Masonry Bricks and Blocks PART 9: Coordinating Sizes and Preferred Dimensions for Cabinets PART 10: Coordinating Sizes and Preferred Dimensions for RC Components Gazetted oct. 2002Gazetted oct. 2002 Publication Materials
  34. 34. Based on MS1064, MC coordinates the positions, dimensions of components and spaces in building designs Base module : M = 100mm Modular Coordination (MC)Part 3 : The Way Forward Modularisation MS 1064
  35. 35. New Strategies New Strategies on IBS & MC needed to promote industrialisation; Enforcement & Incentives in addition to Awareness/Promotion/Training Main target – housing sector (repetitive, high volume) Part 3 : The Way Forward
  36. 36. “Closed System” mass - production one end product etc. Mula-mula: Projek Kemudian: Sistem Bekalan: Syarikat tertentu First a project Then a system Always third party supply Current ScenarioPart 3 : The Way Forward
  37. 37. “Open System” DESIGN GUIDE CATALOGUE etc. ? ? First a system Then many projects Open supply Future ScenarioPart 3 : The Way Forward
  38. 38. IBS Roadmap 2003-2010Part 3 : The Way Forward 5. Marketing/Promotion 2. Materials/Components/Machines 1. Manpower 3. Management/Process/Methods 4. Monetary/Economic/Financial Formulation of Roadmap based on FIVE main elements
  39. 39. • To have a labour policy that gradually reduces PERCENTAGE OF FOREIGN WORKERS from the current 75% to 55% in 2005, 25% in 2007 and 15% in 2009. • To incorporate IBS in CPD courses for architects, engineers and others. • To incorporate SYLLABUS ON IBS in architecture, engineering, building courses in IPTs. Key Elements of RoadmapThe Way Forward (MANPOWER)
  40. 40. • Continue efforts to develop NOSS ( National Occupational Skill Standards). • Continue Workers training and certification programme to include all types of IBS. • Commence the training programme on mould making for IBS components. • Commence the industrial expertise awareness programme together with IBS manufacture through on-job training for trainees. Key Elements of RoadmapThe Way Forward (MANPOWER)
  41. 41. • Commence the site supervisory training and certification programme which includes knowledge on IBS • To start BUMIPUTERA IBS MANUFACTURERS AND SPECIALISED CONTRACTORS training and financial aid Key Elements of RoadmapThe Way Forward (MANPOWER)
  42. 42. • Enforce the use of Modular Coordination based on MS 1064 through Uniformed Building By Laws (UBBL) by local authorities. • Continue publishing reference books and case study reports regarding IBS. • Continue writing new Malaysian Standards (MS) covering all types of IBS. • Continue writing new Construction Industry Standards (CIS). Key Elements of Roadmap The Way Forward (MATERIALS)
  43. 43. • Develop software for MC components and dimensioning. • Include the IBS/MC knowledge into the standards of practice and training modules for the training and certification of Project Manager. Key Elements of Roadmap The Way Forward (MANAGEMENT)
  44. 44. • Offer specialised contractors training and certification programmes to cater for IBS related registration codes. • Continually update the website to disseminate information on IBS, MC and OBS. Key Elements of Roadmap The Way Forward (MANAGEMENT)
  45. 45. • Enforce IBS usage in government (building) projects in phases (from 30% in 2004 to 70% in 2008). • Offer levy exemptions from 2004 for low cost, low medium cost and medium cost housing projects. • Offer training schemes and financial loans for manufacture and contractors. Key Elements of Roadmap The Way Forward (MONETARY)
  46. 46. • Introduce Buildability Programme beginning 2006 for private (building) projects and enforcing it through the local Authorities in 2008. • Use IBS construct 30% of the 150,000 units of houses proposed to be built by Syarikat Perumahan Negara Berhad under the 2003 Economy Stimulus Packages. Key Elements of Roadmap The Way Forward (MONETARY)
  47. 47. • Publish IBS product catalogues. • Continue IBS/MC road show programmes at the national and international levels. • Establish IBS as the main criteria for Malaysian Construction Industry Excellence Awards. • Introduce concept of Open building Systems to the industry. Key Elements of Roadmap The Way Forward (MARKETING)
  48. 48. 2005 Budget:2005 Budget: 1. Directives:1. Directives: - Govt building projects- Govt building projects ≥≥ 50% IBS Score50% IBS Score - 100,000 affordable houses using IBS- 100,000 affordable houses using IBS 2. Incentive:2. Incentive: - Zero levy for residential projects- Zero levy for residential projects ≥≥ 50% IBS50% IBS ScoreScore Budget 2005Part 3 : The Way Forward
  49. 49. IBS ScoringPart 3 : The Way Forward • Part 1 – Structural Element (50%) • Part 2 – Wall Element (30%) • Part 3 – Other Simplified Solution (20%)
  50. 50. Case StudiesCase StudiesPart 4 : Case StudiesCase Studies
  51. 51. SJK(C) DAMANSARA PETALING JAYA SELANGOR DARUL EHSAN Case StudiesCase StudiesPart 4 : Sumber : JKR
  52. 52. PROJECT DETAILS Cabinet’s directive - 31Januari 2001 school to be completed in 2001 – 8 months •project site : 2 .1 hectares •possession of site : 1 February 2001 •completion : 31 July 2001 •construction period : 5 1/2 months FEB 2001 Earth worksFEB - MAC 2001 Piling works Case StudyPart 4:
  53. 53. Ground level MAC 2001 MAC 2001 Level 1 •Fast track project using prefabricated components •Beams, floor slabs (half slabs with concrete topping) and staircases were prefabricated in the factory, wall panel are hollow blocks •Columns and toilets were cast in-situ
  54. 54. Roof level APR - MEI 2001 External works MAC - APRIL 2001 Level 2 APRIL - MEI 2001 Level 3
  55. 55. Back elevation Front elevation Case StudiesCase StudiesPart 4:
  56. 56. Case StudiesPart 4 :  IBS STRUCTURE: “HOLLOWCORE” SLABS; PRECAST CONCRETE COLUMNS & BEAMS  9,900 m2, 4 FLOORS  COMPLETION IN 8 MONTHS CASE STUDY 8 : SCHOOL SEK. KEB. BRICKFIELDS 1, KUALA LUMPUR
  57. 57. PROJECT DETAILS a compact design to house two schools in a total site area of 48,220 sq.ft. •start of project : 6 February 2003 •completion : 17 Sept. 2003 •construction period : 7 1/2 months
  58. 58. • project constraints – limited site, busy access, short construction period • 75 % of building components were prefabricated • Prefab components used – columns, beams, hollow core floor slabs, staircases, wall panels (Acotech panels) • Architectural features – bright façade, cascading roofs with large overhangs, internal pockets of large and small courtyards installation of precast column installation of first floor slab on 02.05.03
  59. 59. installation of 3rd floor slab on 28.05.03 installation of precast staircases fixing of wall panel completion of external wall on 16.07.03
  60. 60. in 2001 – new design alternatives for all categories of government quarters were initiated NEW DESIGN FOR GOVERNMENT QUARTERS •application of modular coordination • use of building components • flexibility and creativity in design and the concept of sustainable design • standardised components for interchangeability between designs
  61. 61. Projek Akademi Audit Negara, Nilai, NS Krtrs kelas F & G – load bearing design, precast wall, slab, column & beam
  62. 62. Projek Akademi Audit Negara, Nilai, NS
  63. 63. Projek Balai Polis, Senawang, NS frame system : cast-in-situ column & beam, precast infill wall & slab Krtrs kelas F Krtrs kelas G
  64. 64. Projek Balai Polis, Senawang, NS
  65. 65. Projek Balai Polis, Senawang, NS
  66. 66. Case StudiesPart 4 :  KEDAH STATE GOVERNMENT  IBS STRUCTURE: “HOLLOWCORE” SLABS; PRECAST CONCRETE COLUMNS & BEAMS  25,500 m2, 3 FLOORS  STRUCTURAL CONSTRUCTION: 4 MONTHS CASE STUDY 1 : COMMUNITY COMPLEX DEWAN WAWASAN, KUBANG PASU, KEDAH
  67. 67. Case StudiesPart 4 :  PENANG STATE GOVERNMENT  IBS STRUCTURE: “HOLLOWCORE” SLABS; PRECAST CONCRETE COLUMNS & BEAMS  7,500 m2, 4 FLOORS  STRUCTURAL CONSTRUCTION: 2 MONTHS CASE STUDY 2 : COMMUNITY COMPLEX DEWAN MILENIUM, KEPALA BATAS, PULAU PINANG
  68. 68. Case StudiesPart 4:  MAJLIS PERBANDARAN PPINANG  IBS STRUCTURE: “HOLLOWCORE” SLABS; PRECAST CONCRETE COLUMNS, BEAMS & BLEACHERS  6,000 m2, 3 FLOORS  STRUCTURAL CONSTRUCTION: 2 MONTHS CASE STUDY 3: STADIUM BALIK PULAU INDOOR STADIUM, PULAU PINANG
  69. 69. Case StudiesPart 4 :  IBS STRUCTURE: METAL FORMWORKS FOR WALLS, SLABS, BEAMS & COLUMNS  TWO 26-30 STOREY TOWERS (APARTMENTS & OFFICES)  STRUCTURAL CONSTRUCTION: 6 MONTHS CASE STUDY 4 : RESIDENTIAL & OFFICE NORTHAM CITY, PULAU PINANG
  70. 70. Case StudiesPart 4:  IBS STRUCTURE: LIGHTWEIGHT BLOCKS & PRECAST CONCRETE WALLS; PRECAST CONCRETE SLABS  10,000 UNITS, 4-5 STOREY  109 LOCATIONS IN 9 STATES  COMPLETION IN 3 YEARS CASE STUDY 6 : QUARTERS TEACHERS QUARTERS, ALL OVER MALAYSIA
  71. 71. Case StudiesPart 4 :  CIDB MALAYSIA  IBS STRUCTURE: PRECAST CONCRETE SLABS, BEAMS, COLUMNS & WALLS  9,600 m2, 6 WORKSHOP BLOCKS  STRUCTURAL CONSTRUCTION: 3 MONTHS CASE STUDY 7 : TRAINING CENTRE AKADEMI BINAAN MALAYSIA, SINTOK, KEDAH
  72. 72. Case StudiesPart 4 :  MINISTRY OF HEALTH  620-BED HOSPITAL  HYBRID IBS STRUCTURE OF STEEL FRAMES; PRECAST CONCRETE SLABS; LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE BLOCKS FOR WALLS  130,000 m2, 9 FLOORS  STRUCTURAL CONSTRUCTION: 4 MONTHS CASE STUDY 9 : MEDICAL CENTRE HOSPITAL SERDANG, SELANGOR
  73. 73. Case StudiesPart 4 :  IBS STRUCTURE: “SOLID” & “HOLLOWCORE” SLABS; PRECAST CONCRETE WALLS, STAIRCASES, GUTTERS, BEAMS & COLUMNS  121,000 m2, 4 FLOORS, 2 BASEMENTS  STRUCTURAL CONSTRUCTION: 4 MONTHS CASE STUDY 10 : SHOPPING COMPLEX IKEA MUTIARA DAMANSARA, SELANGOR
  74. 74. Case StudiesPart 4 :  IBS STRUCTURE: PRECAST CONCRETE SLABS, WALLS & STAIRCASES  756 UNITS, 6 BLOCKS, 8-16 FLOORS  CONSTRUCTION: 18 MONTHS CASE STUDY 11 : RESIDENTIAL APARTMENTS, PRECINCT 9, WP PUTRAJAYA
  75. 75. IBS ROADMAP 2003-2010: towards labour reduction and better productivity,quality, safety & environment; reducing total industry costs THUS INCREASING THE INDUSTRY COMPETITIVENESS Conclusion
  76. 76. Thank you

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