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Gorbachev, Glasnost and Perestroika

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The slides present the two of Gorbachev's well-known economic philosophies - Glasnost and Perestroika. It starts with the background on Gorbachev's life and proceeds with the discussion on how the Our Lady of Fatima is related with the Russian history and Gorbachev's beliefs.

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Gorbachev, Glasnost and Perestroika

  1. 1. Mikhail Gorbachev’s Philosophy of Peace, Glasnost and Perestroika Philosophy of Business (DBA 701) Atty. Celso D. Benologa, Ph.D., CPA Presented by: Ferdinand C. Importado August 26, 2012
  2. 2. Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev March 2, 1931 Privolnoye, Stavropol, Russia Sergei and Maria Panteleyvna Gorbachev Studied Law, Moscow State University Raisa Maksimovna Titorenko
  3. 3. Gorbachev as a young child • Gorbachev's father is a driver and mechanic and at the age of 13, he worked on a collective farm • At age 14, he joined the Komsomol and became an active member • In 1952 he became Secretary of the law department's Young Communist League
  4. 4. Early political career • In 1970, he was first elected to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR as party leader and served on commissions dealing with conservation, youth policy, and foreign affairs • In 1978, he was officially admitted at the Communist party secretariat as agriculture secretary
  5. 5. Gorbachev in World History • Ending the nuclear race with the U.S. • Responsible for the withdrawal of the Soviet presence in Afghanistan in 1989 and Central Europe • 1990 Nobel Peace Prize • Last Secretary General (President) of the U.S.S.R.
  6. 6. 1990 Nobel Peace Prize The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the 1990 Nobel Peace Prize to Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, president of the Soviet Union, for his leading role in the peace process, which today characterizes important parts of the international community.
  7. 7. Gorbachev and the Cold War Gorbachev cooperated with Reagan to end the Cold War, and Reagan cooperated with Gorbachev to legitimize the democratic process with the Soviet public. But it was Mikhail Gorbachev, not Ronald Reagan or George H.W. Bush, who ended Communist rule in the Soviet Union. Ambassador Jack F. Matlock, Jr.
  8. 8. What is the message of Fatima? Consists of a number of precise predictions, requests, warnings and promises concerning the Faith and the world, which were conveyed by the Blessed Virgin Mary to three shepherd children – Lucia, Jacinta and Francisco – in a series of apparitions at Fatima, Portugal from May to October 1917
  9. 9. What did the message of Fatima predict? The emergence of Russia as a world power which would "spread its terrors (including Communism) throughout the world ... raising up wars and persecutions against the Church"
  10. 10. What does the message of Fatima request? The Consecration of Russia to the Immaculate Heart of Mary by the Pope together with the world's bishops in a solemn public ceremony
  11. 11. Have these requests of our Lady of Fatima been honoured? Russia has yet to be consecrated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary in a solemn public ceremony conducted by the Pope together with the world's Catholic bishops. In 1984 likewise did not mention Russia or involve the participation of many of the world's bishops
  12. 12. What does the message of Fatima warn? The Church will be persecuted, there will be other major wars, the Holy Father will have much to suffer and various nations will be annihilated. Many nations will be enslaved by Russian militant atheists. Most important, many souls will be lost.
  13. 13. What does the message of Fatima promise? The Message of Fatima promises that if the requests of Our Lady of Fatima are carried out "My Immaculate Heart will triumph. The Holy Father will Consecrate Russia to Me, which will be converted, and a period of peace will be granted to mankind."
  14. 14. Proof that Russia was not consecrated • On March 25, 1984, Pope John Paul II said twice that Our Lady of Fatima's request for the consecration of Russia was not done. • The attempted Consecration of 1984, Russia was not mentioned nor involved by the participation of the world's bishops as specified Our Lady of Fatima
  15. 15. Proof that Russia was not consecrated • 600 million abortions, and wars have broken out all over the world • Mercy-killing and homosexual acts have been "legalized" • In Russia, law has just been passed which discriminates against the Catholic Church
  16. 16. Proof that Russia was not consecrated • There have been very few conversions to Catholicism in Russia over the past fourteen years. In all of Russia today there are only 300,000 Catholics--much less than one percent of the Russian population.
  17. 17. Why is the message of Fatima important to me and my family? It involves the salvation of souls, peace in the world and, if the requests of Our Lady of Fatima are not carried out, the consequences are the annihilation of nations and the enslavement of all mankind under militant atheists of Russia
  18. 18. Peace Grounded on Liberty “The principle of freedom of choice is a must. Refusal to recognize this principle will have serious consequences to world peace. To deny a nation the freedom of choice regardless of the pretext or the verbal guise in which it is cloaked, is to upset the balance that has been achieved at this point”.
  19. 19. Liberty •Good moral conduct •Without liberty morality and life meaningless •Christian philosophy •Bill of rights •Constitution of free peoples •Lies in the very root and heart of democracy Fundamental Right of all rights Ethics Freedom of choice
  20. 20. Liberty trade-off Right of peoples to freedom Right of nation to integrity and dismemberment
  21. 21. Christian Philosophy of Peace Rational social being Natural blessing Embedded in man’s nature Enshrined in man’s conscience
  22. 22. Christian Philosophy of Peace A man who lived constantly in accordance with the natural moral law, experiences and enjoys peace of mind and soul. Gorbachev envisions peace for mankind as global in scope, enduring and perennial in point of time for the whole human race
  23. 23. What is the moving spirit? Glasnost Perestoika
  24. 24. Glasnost Metaphysical • Truth • Very object of human intellect • In discovering the truth, the mind is satisfied and happy Moral • Knowing yourself truly • Rending apart the senseless secrecy and hypocrisy of pretending to be what you are not
  25. 25. Quotes about Glasnost “The way of truth is the way to peace” Mahatma Gandhi “To thy own self be true and thou cannot be false to any other man” Polonius Hamlet, Act 1, scene 3, 78 - 82
  26. 26. Being false to oneself Inevitably, this leads to conflicts, confrontation and wars; and the story and history thereof was written in unquantifiable blood and deaths in two world wars. The same error, according to Gorbachev, unless effectively checked and corrected, will surely lead to a third nuclear war that now threatens to exterminate the greater portion of humankind.
  27. 27. Contradiction • Law of reality • Accounts for all the changes in the word • Arising from conflicts between antithetical concepts or realities Hegel, Marx • Law of logic and discourse • Opposition between proposition and negation • No contradictories, only opposites, polarities and paradoxes Scholastic
  28. 28. Gorbachev’s Dialectic Movement • Our present society is now in the brink of total destruction • Radical sweeping reforms for the better if it has to survive • Mankind is confronted with the do-or- die alternative of having lasting peace or risking total destruction • Stressed the necessity for drastic, revolutionary reforms while at the same time and with the same emphasis • Universal peace as the only way for survival
  29. 29. Gorbachev contradicting himself • Peace and revolution can be combined logically without incurring inconsistency • Peace and revolution are not contradictory but merely paradoxical • Peace (positive) can be attained by non-violent revolution (negation of a negation becomes positive)
  30. 30. Effects of Perestroika End of the cold war Cessation of the armament race Outlawing of nuclear war except for defence
  31. 31. Effects of Perestroika Dismantling of the past dictatorship converting it to democracy Shifting from state controlled economy to free market enterprise Change from a long regime of relentless religious persecution to freedom of worship; Restoration and re- enshrinement of all human rights
  32. 32. Democratization according to Gorbachev • The one main objective of Gorbachev’s reform was to liberate or lift the people from the quagmire of doctrinaire and dogmatic misconceptions and interpretations into which the true original socialism of Lenin had fallen. • Freedom of speech and expression which always signifies the diversity of views and / or opinions. • It is not the case of one working as many; but of many working as one
  33. 33. The Universal Human Constant Nature of man Human variables Economic Political Social Technological Rational Social Free
  34. 34. Gorbachev’s internal revolution When Gorbachev speaks of radical and profound changes in all aspects of life to bring about true and lasting peace, he certainly meant changes not only in the outward structure of society, but also and more importantly the deeper transformation in the inner nature of man that includes moral regeneration and true conversion of heart for which true and constant peace is based and established
  35. 35. Havel’s inner renewal of man • Radical transformation in man, a true conversion of the heart as the only means of ensuring lasting peace • “The salvation of our world lies in the human heart” • Man is still imprisoned in the narrow cell of his own ego, barred by possessiveness – I, my, mine, myself, my family, my company, my region, my nation
  36. 36. Inner moral renewal of man Uprooting selfishness Cultivating virtues of the heart Responsibility Love for fellowmen
  37. 37. Love or Die Live together Die altogether • Does not mean living in the same place, in the same country under the same ideology. • Nor does it mean merely living in peaceful co- existence under the law of live and let live. • Mutual sharing of the sacrifices we may have to make, for our own survival
  38. 38. Love or Die • Gift of freedom • We will to do so by our own freewill for our own survival • We must live altogether voluntarily sacrificing our private interests • Most distinctive human prerogative – to love and to be loved • Live and let live = Live and love • True and lasting peace for mankind springs from freedom and love • Love or die means that it is not enough that we live together, it means me must love each other, else we perish
  39. 39. Memoirs of the Philippine Revolution “In order to build the edifice of our social regeneration, we have to change radically our establishments, our mode of thinking and living. A revolution both external and internal becomes
  40. 40. Gorbachev vs. Mabini’s Revolution Gorbachev’s revolution • Peaceful revolution Mabini’s revolution • Bloody and violent
  41. 41. Russian vs. EDSA RevolutionRussianRevolution • 1991 • Aborted coup ouster of Mikhail Gorbachev • Some people were killed EDSARevolution • 1986 • Lead by Corazon Aquino • EDSA miracle
  42. 42. Decalogo Truths Justice Liberty • For the good • Never for evil
  43. 43. Decalogo “We must strive to establish in our country the republic and never the monarchy. The latter serves and promotes the welfare of a few privileged families, and forms a dynasty, while the former seeks and ministers to general well being of the people.” Apolinario Mabini Decalogo, Memoirs of the Philippine Revolution

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