The British Film Industry LO: To identify key issues within the British Film industry LO: To evaluate whether the British Film industry is popular with audiences Thursday 26 th March 2009 Thinking question: Why have a British film industry?
Who does what in the British Film Industry? Aims to support, develop and promote the art forms of the moving image An independent, non-governmental body which classifies and censors film, video as well as computer and console-based games released in the UK. The official UK agency for international cultural relations. Its Film Department promotes new British films (features and shorts), internationally principally through festivals and showcases. Portal site britfilms.com Promotes understanding and appreciation of Britain's rich film and television heritage and culture. Government backed lead agency for film in the UK ensuring that the economic, cultural and educational aspects of film are effectively represented at home and abroad.
Main British Production Companies Can you name films by these production companies? Ext: Who dominates the UK film industry?
<ul><li>USEFUL INFORMATION: </li></ul><ul><li>To qualify as a British film, it needs to meet three of the following six criteria: </li></ul><ul><li>A British Director </li></ul><ul><li>A British Producer </li></ul><ul><li>A predominantly British cast </li></ul><ul><li>A British production company </li></ul><ul><li>A subject matter that informs on the British experience </li></ul><ul><li>British identity defined by the BFI in 'Sight and Sound' ( www.bfi.org.uk/sightandsound / ) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-productions with British input count as British films. </li></ul>
How do British films attract mainstream audiences? Ext: How are they distinct from Hollywood blockbusters?
This research uncovered an audience typology that helped to inform the department’s ongoing audience development activities. Briefly, the cinema types uncovered were as follows: Mainstream : unlikely ever to view anything other than major ‘Hollywood’ style blockbusters. Mainstream plus : generally mainstream, but apt to see less mainstream films on a few occasions. Aficionados : tend to view a mix of films, including major foreign language titles, and can be encouraged to become even more adventurous in their viewing choices. Film Buffs1 : eschew mainstream films in favour of more extreme, esoteric, challenging and difficult subject matter (specialised) films. AUDIENCE TYPES
£7,724,653 Total £71,952 Ita/Fra Il Divo 15 £101,752 UK The Age of Stupid 14 £119,041 USA/Ger Hotel for Dogs 13 £126,630 USA The Unborn 12 £158,414 USA Confessions of a Shopaholic 11 £161,880 UK Bronson 10 £201,250 USA Bolt 9 £387,399 UK The Young Victoria 8 £416,356 UK Slumdog Millionaire 7 £484,808 USA Gran Torino 6 £594,510 USA/Can Watchmen 5 £648,634 UK Lesbian Vampire Killers 4 £796,244 USA Duplicity 3 £1,289,513 USA Paul Blart: Mall Cop 2 £2,166,270 USA Marley & Me 1 Weekend Gross Country of Origin Title Rank Weekend 20 Mar - 22 Mar 2009 UK box office – audience consumption
Questions for Box Office results <ul><li>What do these box office figures tell us about the British Film industry? </li></ul><ul><li>Consider: </li></ul><ul><li>Country of origin </li></ul><ul><li>Distributors </li></ul><ul><li>Gross profit </li></ul>
HOMEWORK Case Study Article <ul><li>How is the British Film industry responding to audience consumption? </li></ul><ul><li>Consider the relationship between producers and audience </li></ul>
Facts in focus • UK cinema admissions reached 162 million, up 4% on 2006. • Box office receipts were £821 million, up 8% on 2006. • 516 films were released for a week or more in the UK and Republic of Ireland, an increase of 2% on 2006 and 58% more than in 1998. • UK films, including co-productions, accounted for 21% of releases and 29% of the market by value, up 10% on last year. • The top 100 films earned almost 91% of the gross box office, 2% more than in 2006.
<ul><li>UK films are films made by British companies and shot wholly or partly in the UK and/or films that qualify as British under Schedule 1 of the Films Act 1985 or under one of the UK's official co-production treaties. </li></ul>
<ul><li>3.2 Schedule 1 (UK film) certifications </li></ul><ul><li>Schedule 1 films are films certified as British under Schedule 1 of the Films Act 1985. Under the old rules, the main qualifying criterion was 70% UK spend, but films commencing principal photography </li></ul><ul><li>on or after 1 January 2007 have been required to pass a UK Cultural Test emphasising UK elements in the story, setting and characters (see UKFC website for full details of the Cultural Test). </li></ul>
CULTURAL TEST <ul><li>Cultural Test Points </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Content </li></ul><ul><li>A1 Film set in the UK A2 Lead characters British citizens or residents A3Film based on British subject matter or underlying material </li></ul><ul><li>A4 Original dialogue recorded mainly in English language </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Film represents/reflects a diverse British culture, </li></ul><ul><li>British heritage or British creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Hubs C1Studio and/or location shooting/ Visual Effects/ Special Effects C2Music Recording/Audio Post Production/Picture Post Production </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Practitioners </li></ul><ul><li>Director, Scriptwriter Producer Composer Lead Actors Majority of Cast Key Staff (lead cinematographer, lead production designer, lead costume designer, lead editor, lead sound designer, lead visual effects supervisor, lead hair and makeup supervisor) Majority of Crew </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL ALL SECTIONS (pass mark 16)31 </li></ul>
How dominant is British Film in the industry? <ul><li>Look at the box office figures: </li></ul><ul><li>What can they tell us about British Film? </li></ul>