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Boa tarde
Filipe Moreira Alves
Obrigado|Thank you
Slideshare || Facebook
1
2
There are better alternatives.
3
1. Money Myth 2. Alternatives
3. Questions and
visions for the
future
There are better alternatives.
4
There are better alternatives.
“Any sizable group anywhere, any day,
could start a nonpolitical monetary unit
and system...
5
There are better alternatives.
Money / Currency
Or
Credit systems
Gift economy
Shared economy
Community/familiar
economy
6
There are better alternatives.
“No example of a barter economy, pure and simple, has ever been
described, let alone the ...
7
There are better alternatives.
TINA:
THERE IS NO ALTERNATIVE
8
There are better alternatives.
Property
(Re)Distribution,
allocation and
Exchange systems
Value and
Indicators
9
There are better alternatives.
To design things
DIFFERENTLY
10
There are better alternatives.
It’s not about re-
inventing the wheel but
more about re-
designinig the wheel to
better...
11
There are better alternatives.
Property
(Re)Distribution,
allocation and
Exchange systems
Value and
Indicators
 Genuin...
Internacional
Nacional
Regional
Local
Goods
Services
Shadow|Loveeconomy
GDPEconomy
Bancos
do
Tempo
Euro;Dolar;Libra
Freecy...
13
There are better alternatives.
Seyfang, Gill et Longhurst, Noel (2013), Growing green money? Mapping community currenci...
14
There are better alternatives.
Rosl, Gerard (2006), Regional currencies in Germany –local
competition for the Euro?, Ec...
15
There are better alternatives.
5.1. - Granja
5.2. - Solidário
5.3. - Justa
5.4. - Torga
5.5. - Sorriso
5.6. - Sol
5.7. ...
16
There are better alternatives.
Scale
Parity
Function
Interest/tax
Physicality
17
There are better alternatives.
Alternativestolegaltender
• Local currencies
• Virtual currencies
• Social
complementary...
18
There are many
and better
alternatives.
And they are
NOT new…
19
There are better alternatives.
Glass–Steagall Legislation
20
There are better alternatives.
Navqi, Mona et Southgate, James (2013), Banknotes, local
currencies and central bank obj...
21
There are better alternatives.
Why?
Instability & crises (1970-2007):
124 Crises Bancárias Sistémicas
208 Crises de Moe...
22
There are better alternatives.
Geels, W. Frank and Schot,
Johan (2007), Typologies of
sociotechnical transition
pathway...
23
There are better alternatives.
Patterns in Transition processes:
 Top-down Transition Paths (Reconstellations)
- Radic...
24
There are better alternatives.
Is it a matter of scale and critical mass?
Is it a matter of path-dependency and institu...
25
There are better alternatives.
While it is unlikely at the moment that alternative currency forms a
serious threat to t...
26
There are better alternatives.
Muito obrigado
Thank you
Filipe Moreira Alves
fmalves@fc.ul.pt
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Ppt as 3 ecologias 13_abril_2016

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There are better alternatives to the current monetary and banking system.

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Ppt as 3 ecologias 13_abril_2016

  1. 1. Boa tarde Filipe Moreira Alves Obrigado|Thank you Slideshare || Facebook 1
  2. 2. 2 There are better alternatives.
  3. 3. 3 1. Money Myth 2. Alternatives 3. Questions and visions for the future There are better alternatives.
  4. 4. 4 There are better alternatives. “Any sizable group anywhere, any day, could start a nonpolitical monetary unit and system. There is no law against it, and no legislation need to be invoked.” E.C. Riegel
  5. 5. 5 There are better alternatives. Money / Currency Or Credit systems Gift economy Shared economy Community/familiar economy
  6. 6. 6 There are better alternatives. “No example of a barter economy, pure and simple, has ever been described, let alone the emergence from it of money; all available ethnography suggests that there never has been such a thing.” Caroline Humphrey “The standart economic-history version has little to do with anything we observe when we examine how economic life is actually conducted, in real communities and marketplaces, almost anywhere – where one is much more likely to discover everyone is in debt to everyone else in a dozen different ways, and that most transaction take place without the use of currency.” David Graeber, Debt: the first 5000 years
  7. 7. 7 There are better alternatives. TINA: THERE IS NO ALTERNATIVE
  8. 8. 8 There are better alternatives. Property (Re)Distribution, allocation and Exchange systems Value and Indicators
  9. 9. 9 There are better alternatives. To design things DIFFERENTLY
  10. 10. 10 There are better alternatives. It’s not about re- inventing the wheel but more about re- designinig the wheel to better serve us..
  11. 11. 11 There are better alternatives. Property (Re)Distribution, allocation and Exchange systems Value and Indicators  Genuine Progress Indicator (EUA, Internalização)  Genuine Wealth Assessment (Dr. Mark Anielski)  Green Gross Domestic Product (Rio1992)  Living Planet Index (WWF)  Happy Planet Index (nef)  Human Development Index (Amartya Sem ’90)  Global Peace Index  Gross Domestic Happines Index (Bhutan)  Local currencies  Global virtual currencies  Mutual exchanges systems  Credit Services  Barter Markerts  Sharing Economy  Gift Economy circles  Sharing economy  Commons  Gift Economy  Earth rights / Condominum  Appropriate scale and function economics
  12. 12. Internacional Nacional Regional Local Goods Services Shadow|Loveeconomy GDPEconomy Bancos do Tempo Euro;Dolar;Libra Freecycle BARTER Points/Miles/Credits Systems Local currency There are better alternatives. B2B C2C B2C Prosumers
  13. 13. 13 There are better alternatives. Seyfang, Gill et Longhurst, Noel (2013), Growing green money? Mapping community currencies for sustainable development, Ecological Economics, Vol. 86, pp: 65-77
  14. 14. 14 There are better alternatives. Rosl, Gerard (2006), Regional currencies in Germany –local competition for the Euro?, Economic Discussion paper No 43/2006, Deutche Bundesbank
  15. 15. 15 There are better alternatives. 5.1. - Granja 5.2. - Solidário 5.3. - Justa 5.4. - Torga 5.5. - Sorriso 5.6. - Sol 5.7. - Campino 5.8. - Esito 5.9. - Diabitas 5.10. - Saurius 5.11. - Beijinho 5.12. - Crialito 5.13. - Morango 5.14. - Swap 5.15. - Feijão 5.16. - ESECO 5.17. - Pomba 5.18. - Pombalino 5.19. - Aleixo 5.20. – Jardim 5.21. - Giro 5.22. - Rio 5.23. – Virtas 5.24 – Mayor 5.25 – Estrela 5.26 – Canguru 5.27 – Gaivota 5.28 – Brinca 5.28 – Mor 5.30 - Coroa Garcia, Armando (2014), Notafilia: Moedas Comunitárias em Portugal, Lisboa
  16. 16. 16 There are better alternatives. Scale Parity Function Interest/tax Physicality
  17. 17. 17 There are better alternatives. Alternativestolegaltender • Local currencies • Virtual currencies • Social complementary currencies • Slow Money AlternativestoMoney • Time • Energy • Barter • No Money and no alternative currency AlternativestoBanks • Full reserve banks • Ethical banks • Social and co- operative banks • Transactional banques separate from Investment banques • Sovereign money • Communnity bonds • Social Impact Bonds • Crowdfunding • Time Sharing
  18. 18. 18 There are many and better alternatives. And they are NOT new…
  19. 19. 19 There are better alternatives. Glass–Steagall Legislation
  20. 20. 20 There are better alternatives. Navqi, Mona et Southgate, James (2013), Banknotes, local currencies and central bank objectives, Quaterly Bulletin of the Bank of England, London, UK “However, given that the overall volume of regional currencies in circulation in Germany amounts only to roughly € 200,000, the current economic welfare losses resulting from the issuance of Schwundgeld are negligibly small” Rosl, Gerard (2006), Regional currencies in Germany – local competition for the Euro?, Economic Discussion paper No 43/2006, Deutche Bundesbank
  21. 21. 21 There are better alternatives. Why? Instability & crises (1970-2007): 124 Crises Bancárias Sistémicas 208 Crises de Moeda 63 Crise da Dívida Soberana Laeven, Luc et Valencia, Fabian (2008): “Systemic banking Crises: A New Database”, Working Paper IMF WP 08/224 Inequality in the U.S.
  22. 22. 22 There are better alternatives. Geels, W. Frank and Schot, Johan (2007), Typologies of sociotechnical transition pathways, Research Policy, Vol. 26, pp: 399-417
  23. 23. 23 There are better alternatives. Patterns in Transition processes:  Top-down Transition Paths (Reconstellations) - Radical Reform - Revolution - Collapse (failed transition)  Bottom-up Transition Paths (Empowerment dominated) - Reconfiguration (with regime adaptation) - Substitution (without regime adaptation) - Backlash (failed transition)  Squeezed Transition Paths - Teleological - Emergent - Lock-in (failed transition)  Transformation paths - Transformation - System breakdown Haan, J. and Jans Rotsmans (2011), Patterns in transitions: Understanding complex chains of change, Technological Forecasting & Social change, Vol. 78, pp: 90-102 Positive Money proposal Alternative currencies Banks, ACAF’s
  24. 24. 24 There are better alternatives. Is it a matter of scale and critical mass? Is it a matter of path-dependency and institutional lock-in? Is it a matter of economic and financial literacy? Is it a matter of top-down repression and marginalization?
  25. 25. 25 There are better alternatives. While it is unlikely at the moment that alternative currency forms a serious threat to the paramountcy of official currency, it is equally unlikely, even in the very long term, that the future belongs to one single integrated currency. Monetary dissent on the grounds of a shortage of means of exchange has been a constant of monetary history and is likely to remain so as long as certain sections of the economy feel that their access to money is restricted. Necessity combined with human ingenuity will always find ways of bypassing such restrictions. Rachael Tibbett (1997) Alternative currencies: A challenge to globalisation?, New Political Economy, 2:1, 127-135, DOI: 10.1080/13563469708406290
  26. 26. 26 There are better alternatives. Muito obrigado Thank you Filipe Moreira Alves fmalves@fc.ul.pt

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