馮達旋
     Da Hsuan Feng


  Global Brain
Movement: An Asia-
Pacific Perspective
“If you want to
understand today,
you have to search
yesterday.”

你假如要了解今天,
你必需要追尋昨天

賽珍珠
Pearl S. Buck
What are our challenges﹖
• We need history as our anchor

• We need to understand Chengda’s
  position in the Asia Pacific...
Breaking News!!
Entrepreneur Task Force for Asia
 Pacific (ETAP) for Incubator
 Center for Southern Taiwan
 Science Park
• Michael Devlin,...
A small test

• Keep right

• Keep left

• Keep right and keep left
My Family
Sun Yat-Sen Mausoleum today
57 years later
Asia Pacific then

Asia Pacific now

How much water has passed under
the bridge
Augustus D. Julliard
founded Julliard School of Music in 1924

My mother 謝佩貞
one of the first Chinese women students of
th...
NYU Law School

           馮國禎)
           馮國禎
Paul Feng (馮國禎 JD 1937
          馮亦恆)
          馮亦恆
Ian Feng (馮亦恆 JD 2009
History of universities
My discussion will be science and
technology centric, but I am confident
that it is more generic t...
孔夫子Confucius
孔夫子
551 BC – 479 BC

 孔子一生從事教育
  事業,相傳有賢弟
  子七十二人,弟子
  三千人
成均館大學 – founded 1398 as an
institution to promote Confucius canon
From 10 Century to Renaissance
十世紀到文藝復興

                  University of
                  Bologna
                  1088
...
Many historians state that
universities and cathedral
schools were a continuation of
the interest in learning
promoted by ...
Before Renaissance,
Asia Pacific, especially
China, led the world in
science and technology.
Crab Nabula

1054

(observed by
Chinese
astronomers)
鄭和 (馬三寶 )
Cheng He
1371-1433
Eunuch




哥倫布
Christopher Columbus
1451-1506
吳京部長
Time
Asia Edition

     2001
   8/21-27
Special Edition
Renaissance and
universities
Renaissance

Rise of the European
intellectual powerhouse in
modern scientific
methodologies
牛頓 Isaac Newton           (b. 1643)
1667: Fellow of Trinity College in
1669: Lucasian Professor of Mathematics




       ...
Galilei Galileo 伽利略 (d. 1642)
1589 Chair of mathematics
University of Pisa
大清
• Qing dynasty started in
  1644
• One year after the birth of
  Sir Isaac Newton
• Two years after the death
  of Gali...
19 century
• Not surprising, European universities, with
  several hundred years of Renaissance as
  their underpinnings, ...
In my opinion, one of the
greatest scientific and
technological achievements in
the19 century is the
introduction to manki...
Sir James Clark Maxwell
(1831-1879)
Another member of Cambridge University
Trinity College
Maxwell   1831 - 1879
Chopin    1810 - 1849
Maxwell Equations   Chopin Nocturne
Maxwellian and Newtonian science
developed what we now refer to as
theoretical sciences…This was an area
where European un...
First half of 20 century
First half of the 20 century: USA and North
America was a secured castle with a moat
(護城河) known as Pacific Ocean (太平
洋) a...
珍珠港   1941
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto
山本五十六

 • I fear all we have
   done is to awaken
   a sleeping giant
   and fill him with
   a t...
護城
With the “moat (護城
河 ),” US research
universities became
powerhouses in the 20
century
Albert Einstein
                         1879-1955




John von Neumann   Herman Weyl
1903-1957          1885-1955
Eugene Wigner
1902-1995

                     Enrico Fermi
                     1901-1954




     Edward Teller
     1908...
The Dutch Boys: Uhlenbeck,
Kramers, Goudsmit at the University
of Michigan 1928




                             Rockefell...
Supreme excellence !
Asian universities in the
end of 19th century and
the first half of the 20th
century
Meiji Restoration
  明治維新
    (1868-1912)
Move Capitol from Kyoto to Tokyo
    Increase wealth富國富國
    Built a military pow...
Japan:
Yukawa, Nobel 1949
Tomonaga, Nobel 1965
Kyoto University




                       Columbia University
李政道 楊振寧
(T D Lee and C N Yang)
The Nobel Prize in Physics 1957

From 3rd world mentality to 1st world
mentality

Confidence
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
जवाहरलाल नेह
First Prime Minister of India
“If China and India hold
together, the future of Asia is
assured.“
Nehru to Paul Feng on January 19,1946

Manoj Das
“Forgi...
quot;because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and
beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he
has made his poet...
C. V. Raman
(1888 – 1970)
Nobel laureate 1930
FIRST ASIAN TO WIN THE NOBEL PRIZE IN
SCIENCE
Indian Institute of
Science
• Raman was distinguished
  professor
• Premier graduate research
  university in India
C. V. Raman NEVER
studied in the West!
Peking University
北京大學
北京大学
• Cai Yuan Pei (校長 1916-1927)
• Hu Shi (校長 1945-1948)
London
                                   SJTU      Times
                                   Rank      Rank

Hong Kong Uni...
“Indeed, with Cai’s leadership, PKU became not just
the soul of Chinese universities, but in fact Chinese
history and cult...
Teller----
楊振寧
             Goudsmit---吳大猶




             Theodore von Kármán ---錢學森
Lesson learned for USA
Boxer rebellion
義和團運動
Of the EIGHT countries who received
reparations, ONLY USA utilized the money to
build education infrastructure in China an...
Bill Boeing. He hired (1916) Tsu Wong as the company's first
aeronautical engineer to replace Boeing's original business
p...
Boeing (1916-1917)

1916 As a Chief Engineer of
 Pacific Aero Products
 Company
1917 Success of B&W-C
 seaplane
          ...
7. Tsoo Wong and Hsue-Shen Tsien
(1934-1947)

1934 Tsoo Wong was
  instructor of
    Hsue-Shen Tsien

1940 Tsoo Wong reque...
Another great lesson: Rockefeller Foundation
Founded Peking Union Medical College
Second half of 20th
century

A half century of limited
wars and peace….
Recognition of the fundamental
importance of public policy
(公共政策) of the development of
knowledge

Lesson learn fot Asian ...
Vannevar Bush
1890 – 1974
Vannevar Bush recommended the
creation of what would eventually
become in 1950 the National Science
Foundation (NSF)
The Indian government has announced it will set up a
world-class National Science and Engineering Research
Foundation at a...
California Master Plan for Higher
Education -- 1971
• Chancellor Clark Kerr and
  Governor Edmund Brown
1980 Bayh-Dole Act

• …gave US universities, small businesses
  and non-profits intellectual property control
  of their i...
21Century
  Century
Nixon and Zhou holding hands
on February 21, 1972
One handshake became the genesis to remove
RED MENANCE:
Wealth is generated in Asia Pacific
With wealth, comes
universities of high quality
Purdue and NCKU
in the 60’s
With wealth, comes hightech
industries
•   Samsung
•   LG
•   TSMC
•   Chi-Mei
•   Huawei Technology
•   Delta Electronics...
Morris Chang
Ph.D.
Stanford
Indian Institute of
Technology Kanpur
•   MIT
•   UC Berkeley
•   Cal Tech
•   Princeton University
•   Carnegie Tech
•   ...
General George Marshall
(1880 – 1959)
A century of Marshall-plan
like effort from the US for
Asia

Without recognition!
Summary
Thomas Friedman
THE WORLD IS FLAT
What are our challenges﹖

• We need history as our anchor

• We need to understand Chengda’s
  position

• We need to unde...
Todai    Taida

Kyodai   Chengda
• High Tech
  (CERN, IBM
  Zurich,
  WHO,…

• World Class
  Universities
  (ETH)

• Neutral site
亞洲
Charles Dickens
狄根斯
1812 - 1870
雙城記

A Tale of Two Cities
“It was the best of times, it was the worst of
times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of
foolishness, it was the ...
“那是最美好的时代,那是最糟糕的时
代;那是智慧的年头,那是愚昧的年
头;那是信仰的时期,那是怀疑的时
期;那是光明的季节,那是黑暗的季
节;那是希望的春天,那是失望的冬
天;我们全都在直奔天堂,我们全都在
直奔相反的方向--简而言之,那时跟现...
How could Dickens
write about our era in
such vivid manner?
Feng Powerpoint Presentation For Foreign Students Community
Feng Powerpoint Presentation For Foreign Students Community
Feng Powerpoint Presentation For Foreign Students Community
Feng Powerpoint Presentation For Foreign Students Community
Feng Powerpoint Presentation For Foreign Students Community
Feng Powerpoint Presentation For Foreign Students Community
Feng Powerpoint Presentation For Foreign Students Community
Feng Powerpoint Presentation For Foreign Students Community
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Feng Powerpoint Presentation For Foreign Students Community

  1. 1. 馮達旋 Da Hsuan Feng Global Brain Movement: An Asia- Pacific Perspective
  2. 2. “If you want to understand today, you have to search yesterday.” 你假如要了解今天, 你必需要追尋昨天 賽珍珠 Pearl S. Buck
  3. 3. What are our challenges﹖ • We need history as our anchor • We need to understand Chengda’s position in the Asia Pacific context and global context • We need to understand Taiwan in the Asia Pacific context and global context
  4. 4. Breaking News!!
  5. 5. Entrepreneur Task Force for Asia Pacific (ETAP) for Incubator Center for Southern Taiwan Science Park • Michael Devlin, Co-founder and Managing Partner, Pharos Funds, a $500 Million VC firm • Oliver Cheng, CEO and President of Aurora Imaging Technology Inc, a $50 million annual revenue medical device corporation and former investment banker
  6. 6. A small test • Keep right • Keep left • Keep right and keep left
  7. 7. My Family
  8. 8. Sun Yat-Sen Mausoleum today
  9. 9. 57 years later Asia Pacific then Asia Pacific now How much water has passed under the bridge
  10. 10. Augustus D. Julliard founded Julliard School of Music in 1924 My mother 謝佩貞 one of the first Chinese women students of this institution.
  11. 11. NYU Law School 馮國禎) 馮國禎 Paul Feng (馮國禎 JD 1937 馮亦恆) 馮亦恆 Ian Feng (馮亦恆 JD 2009
  12. 12. History of universities My discussion will be science and technology centric, but I am confident that it is more generic than specific
  13. 13. 孔夫子Confucius 孔夫子 551 BC – 479 BC 孔子一生從事教育 事業,相傳有賢弟 子七十二人,弟子 三千人
  14. 14. 成均館大學 – founded 1398 as an institution to promote Confucius canon
  15. 15. From 10 Century to Renaissance 十世紀到文藝復興 University of Bologna 1088 Oxford University 1096
  16. 16. Many historians state that universities and cathedral schools were a continuation of the interest in learning promoted by monasteries.
  17. 17. Before Renaissance, Asia Pacific, especially China, led the world in science and technology.
  18. 18. Crab Nabula 1054 (observed by Chinese astronomers)
  19. 19. 鄭和 (馬三寶 ) Cheng He 1371-1433 Eunuch 哥倫布 Christopher Columbus 1451-1506
  20. 20. 吳京部長
  21. 21. Time Asia Edition 2001 8/21-27 Special Edition
  22. 22. Renaissance and universities
  23. 23. Renaissance Rise of the European intellectual powerhouse in modern scientific methodologies
  24. 24. 牛頓 Isaac Newton (b. 1643) 1667: Fellow of Trinity College in 1669: Lucasian Professor of Mathematics Francis Bacon (d. 1626) Fellow of Trinity College
  25. 25. Galilei Galileo 伽利略 (d. 1642) 1589 Chair of mathematics University of Pisa
  26. 26. 大清 • Qing dynasty started in 1644 • One year after the birth of Sir Isaac Newton • Two years after the death of Galilei Galileo
  27. 27. 19 century • Not surprising, European universities, with several hundred years of Renaissance as their underpinnings, became the envy of the world in their intellectual, especially technological supremacy.
  28. 28. In my opinion, one of the greatest scientific and technological achievements in the19 century is the introduction to mankind the Maxwell equations!
  29. 29. Sir James Clark Maxwell (1831-1879) Another member of Cambridge University Trinity College
  30. 30. Maxwell 1831 - 1879 Chopin 1810 - 1849
  31. 31. Maxwell Equations Chopin Nocturne
  32. 32. Maxwellian and Newtonian science developed what we now refer to as theoretical sciences…This was an area where European universities absolutely excel and Asia Pacific intellectual communities, under reclusive Qing dynasty, did not develop. Japanese under Minji Restoration absorbed this totally!
  33. 33. First half of 20 century
  34. 34. First half of the 20 century: USA and North America was a secured castle with a moat (護城河) known as Pacific Ocean (太平 洋) and Atlantic Ocean (大西洋)
  35. 35. 珍珠港 1941
  36. 36. Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto 山本五十六 • I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve
  37. 37. 護城 With the “moat (護城 河 ),” US research universities became powerhouses in the 20 century
  38. 38. Albert Einstein 1879-1955 John von Neumann Herman Weyl 1903-1957 1885-1955
  39. 39. Eugene Wigner 1902-1995 Enrico Fermi 1901-1954 Edward Teller 1908-2003 Theodore von Kármán 1881 - 1963
  40. 40. The Dutch Boys: Uhlenbeck, Kramers, Goudsmit at the University of Michigan 1928 Rockefeller University
  41. 41. Supreme excellence !
  42. 42. Asian universities in the end of 19th century and the first half of the 20th century
  43. 43. Meiji Restoration 明治維新 (1868-1912) Move Capitol from Kyoto to Tokyo Increase wealth富國富國 Built a military power 強兵 Create great universities (Imperial University of Tokyo and Imperial Kyoto University)
  44. 44. Japan: Yukawa, Nobel 1949 Tomonaga, Nobel 1965 Kyoto University Columbia University
  45. 45. 李政道 楊振寧 (T D Lee and C N Yang) The Nobel Prize in Physics 1957 From 3rd world mentality to 1st world mentality Confidence
  46. 46. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru जवाहरलाल नेह First Prime Minister of India
  47. 47. “If China and India hold together, the future of Asia is assured.“ Nehru to Paul Feng on January 19,1946 Manoj Das “Forging an Asian identity.” It was published in The Hindu on January 7, 2001
  48. 48. quot;because of his profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse, by which, with consummate skill, he has made his poetic thought, expressed in his own English words, a part of the literature of the West“ Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) Nobel in literature 1913
  49. 49. C. V. Raman (1888 – 1970) Nobel laureate 1930 FIRST ASIAN TO WIN THE NOBEL PRIZE IN SCIENCE
  50. 50. Indian Institute of Science • Raman was distinguished professor • Premier graduate research university in India
  51. 51. C. V. Raman NEVER studied in the West!
  52. 52. Peking University 北京大學 北京大学 • Cai Yuan Pei (校長 1916-1927) • Hu Shi (校長 1945-1948)
  53. 53. London SJTU Times Rank Rank Hong Kong Univ Sci & Tech 203-304 53 University of Hong Kong 203-304 18 Chinese University of Hong Kong 203-304 38 Peking Univ (Mainland) 203-304 36 Tsing Hua University (Mainland) 151-202 62 National University of Singapore 101-152 33 Nanyang Technological University 305-402 69 National Taiwan University 151-202 102 Not ranked National Cheng Kung University 305-402 University of Tokyo 20 17 Kyoto University 22 25
  54. 54. “Indeed, with Cai’s leadership, PKU became not just the soul of Chinese universities, but in fact Chinese history and culture of the 20 century. How do we measure the “intangible impact” of PKU on the culture of China, with Bai-Hua (白話modern Chinese) movement, May 4th movement (五四運動,) and so on. Is it even logical to consider that PKU is not a “World Class University” when it has profound impact on Chinese culture, with nearly quarter humanity, for a century?” DHF at SJTU Conference 2006
  55. 55. Teller---- 楊振寧 Goudsmit---吳大猶 Theodore von Kármán ---錢學森
  56. 56. Lesson learned for USA Boxer rebellion 義和團運動
  57. 57. Of the EIGHT countries who received reparations, ONLY USA utilized the money to build education infrastructure in China and set up scholarships for the brightest to study in the West Someone in the Government understood making good public policy. • Construct Tsinghua University, today unquestionably one of the best in Mainland and Taiwan • Send the brightest to the west.
  58. 58. Bill Boeing. He hired (1916) Tsu Wong as the company's first aeronautical engineer to replace Boeing's original business partner, Conrad Westerveldt. An engineering graduate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Tsu Wong became the first chief engineer at Boeing. Phil Condit, Boeing CEO, NAE Speech in 1997
  59. 59. Boeing (1916-1917) 1916 As a Chief Engineer of Pacific Aero Products Company 1917 Success of B&W-C seaplane Portrait in Seattle Pacific Aero Products Company in 1916
  60. 60. 7. Tsoo Wong and Hsue-Shen Tsien (1934-1947) 1934 Tsoo Wong was instructor of Hsue-Shen Tsien 1940 Tsoo Wong requested Tsien return to China to fulfil former Boxer Rebellion scholarship 1947 Tsien and Ying Jiang got married at Shanghai 1947 Tsien and Tsoo Wong met Shanghai Longhua Airport
  61. 61. Another great lesson: Rockefeller Foundation Founded Peking Union Medical College
  62. 62. Second half of 20th century A half century of limited wars and peace….
  63. 63. Recognition of the fundamental importance of public policy (公共政策) of the development of knowledge Lesson learn fot Asian Universities
  64. 64. Vannevar Bush 1890 – 1974
  65. 65. Vannevar Bush recommended the creation of what would eventually become in 1950 the National Science Foundation (NSF)
  66. 66. The Indian government has announced it will set up a world-class National Science and Engineering Research Foundation at a cost of ten billion rupees (US$230 million). It is expected to function similarly to the National Science Foundation in the United States. Natural Science Foundation of China
  67. 67. California Master Plan for Higher Education -- 1971 • Chancellor Clark Kerr and Governor Edmund Brown
  68. 68. 1980 Bayh-Dole Act • …gave US universities, small businesses and non-profits intellectual property control of their inventions that resulted from federal government-funded research
  69. 69. 21Century Century
  70. 70. Nixon and Zhou holding hands on February 21, 1972
  71. 71. One handshake became the genesis to remove RED MENANCE: Wealth is generated in Asia Pacific
  72. 72. With wealth, comes universities of high quality
  73. 73. Purdue and NCKU in the 60’s
  74. 74. With wealth, comes hightech industries • Samsung • LG • TSMC • Chi-Mei • Huawei Technology • Delta Electronics • ……
  75. 75. Morris Chang Ph.D. Stanford
  76. 76. Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur • MIT • UC Berkeley • Cal Tech • Princeton University • Carnegie Tech • U of Michigan • Ohio State University • Case Institute • Purdue
  77. 77. General George Marshall (1880 – 1959)
  78. 78. A century of Marshall-plan like effort from the US for Asia Without recognition!
  79. 79. Summary
  80. 80. Thomas Friedman THE WORLD IS FLAT
  81. 81. What are our challenges﹖ • We need history as our anchor • We need to understand Chengda’s position • We need to understand Taiwan in the Asia Pacific context and global context
  82. 82. Todai Taida Kyodai Chengda
  83. 83. • High Tech (CERN, IBM Zurich, WHO,… • World Class Universities (ETH) • Neutral site
  84. 84. 亞洲
  85. 85. Charles Dickens 狄根斯 1812 - 1870
  86. 86. 雙城記 A Tale of Two Cities
  87. 87. “It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way--in short, the period was so far like the present period, that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on its being received, for good or for evil, in the superlative degree of comparison only.”
  88. 88. “那是最美好的时代,那是最糟糕的时 代;那是智慧的年头,那是愚昧的年 头;那是信仰的时期,那是怀疑的时 期;那是光明的季节,那是黑暗的季 节;那是希望的春天,那是失望的冬 天;我们全都在直奔天堂,我们全都在 直奔相反的方向--简而言之,那时跟现 在非常相象,某些最喧嚣的权威坚持要 用形容词的最高级来形容它。说它好, 是最高级的;说它不好,也是最高级 的 。 . ”
  89. 89. How could Dickens write about our era in such vivid manner?

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