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Military in politics


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Military in politics

  1. 1. Eliana Cortes Darlene Estrada Pauline Pagcaliwanagan Ma. Lee Galgo Yorj Yasay
  2. 2. Military Intervention - The armed forces constrained substitution of their own policies and/or their persons, for those of the recognized civilian authorities - The military may pursue intervention through commission and/or acts of omissions. - To intervene, military must have occasions and disposition. > disposition- combination of conscious motive and of a will or desire to act
  3. 3. Military Characteristics  Centralized command  Hierarchy  Discipline  Intercommunication  Esprit de corps  Corresponding isolation and self sufficiency
  4. 4. Chain of Command  Squad/Section- Sergeant or Staff Sergeant  9-10 soldiers  Smallest element  Platoon- Lieutenant, NCO (second in command)  16-44 soldiers  2-4 squads or sections  Company/Battery/Troop- Captain, First Sergeant (commander’s principle NCO assistant)  62-190 soldiers  3-5 platoons  Battalion/Squadron- Lieutenant Colonel, Command Sergeant Major (principle NCO assistant)  300-1000 soldiers  4-6 companies
  5. 5. Chain of Command  Brigade- Colonel, command Sergeant Major (Senior NCO)  3,000-5,000 soldiers  2-5 combat battalions  Division- Major General  10,000-15,000 soldiers  3 brigades  Corps- Lieutenant General  20,000-45,000 soldiers  2-5 divisions  Army- Lieutenant General or higher  50,000+  2+ corps
  6. 6. Military Ranks Air Force Army Navy Marines General General Admiral General General OfficersLieutenant General Lieutenant General Vice Admiral Lieutenant General Major General Major General Rear General Major General Brigadier General Brigadier General Commodore Brigadier General Colonel Colonel Captain Colonel Officers Lieutenant Colonel Lieutenant Colonel Commander Lieutenant Colonel Major Major Lieutenant Commander Major
  7. 7. Military Ranks Air force Army Navy Marines Captain Captain Lieutenant Senior Grade Captain Officers First Lieutenant First Lieutenant Lieutenant Junior Grade First Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Second Lieutenant Ensign Second Lieutenant Chief Master Sergeant Chief Master Sergeant Enlisted Personnel Senior Master Sergeant Senior Master Sergeant Master Sergeant Master Sergeant Chief Petty Officer Master Sergeant
  8. 8. Military Ranks Air Force Army Navy Marines Technical Sergeant Technical Sergeant Petty Officer 1st Class Fist Sergeant Technical Sergeant Enlisted Personnel Staff Sergeant Staff Sergeant Petty Officer 2nd Class Staff Sergeant Sergeant Sergeant Petty Officer 3rd Class Sergeant Airman 1st class Corporal Seaman 1st class Corporal Airman 2nd class Private 1st class Seaman 2nd Class Private 1st class Airman Private Apprentice Seaman Private
  9. 9. Military Courtesy and Discipline  The training that develops self-control, character and efficiency and as the result of such training implies subjection to control exerted for the good of the group.  The state of order existing within a command  Prompt obedience to orders and initiation of action in the absence of orders
  10. 10. Other Characteristics  Intercommunication  Esprit de corps - morale, comradeship and purpose - Together, form a sense of purpose and comradeship  Corresponding isolation and self sufficiency
  11. 11. Motives inhibiting the military from intervention 1. Professionalism - Expertness - Social responsibility - Corporate loyalty to fellow practitioners 2. Principle of Civil Supremacy - The military’s consciousness of themselves as a profession may lead themselves as the servant of the state rather than of the government power.
  12. 12. Motives inhibiting the military from intervention 3. Other inhibiting factors - fear for the fighting capacity of the armed forces - general’s fear of a civil war in which comrade will have to fire on comrade - fear that if they intervene and are vanished, not only their lives but the army itself will forfeit.
  13. 13. Motives of inhibiting the military from intervention  Lack of motive  Disposition to intervene dependent on desire or will
  14. 14. Disposition to Intervene (Mood)  Self-consciousness  Sense of overwhelming power  Grievances (grudges)
  15. 15. Disposition to Intervene (Motives) 1. The Manifest Destiny of the Soldiers 2. The motive of the “national interest” 3. Sectional interest - Class interest - Regional interest - Corporate self-interest of the armed forces - The motive of individual self-interest 4. Mixed motives of the military - principal motives on which the military tend to act