Instructional Design           Timeline            Fidela James
Pre-First Century 2400BC~Papyrus(made from Papyrus plant and used for paper)* 200BC~Abacus (a counting frame)* 500-380B...
12th-18thCentury 1225-1274AD~ Pierre Abelard (changes theology from  citation of authorities to interpretation of scriptu...
19 thCentury 1178-1838~Joseph Lancaster (Lancasterian Monitorial-  detailed manual of classroom organization, economic  m...
Continued 1826~ Friedrich Frobel (‘The Education of Man’: 1-free self-   activity 2-creativity 3-social participation 4-m...
20thCentury 1901~Radio signal is transmitted across Atlantic Ocean by  Marconi* 1905~First school museum in St.Louis (in...
Continued 1938~B.F. Skinner publishes ‘The Behavior of Organisms’ (he  is best known for Operant Conditioning)* 1943-194...
Continued 1963~Ford Foundation focuses on funding public TV 1965~Robert Gange publishes ‘Conditions of Learning’ (Five T...
Continued 1981~IBM introduces the IBM PC* 1983~ Computers are used for instruction in over 40% of elementary   schools a...
Class Timeline 1970~ PBS founded 1995- Internet is commercialized 1995- Distance education participation doubles Aster...
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Fj timeline

  1. 1. Instructional Design Timeline Fidela James
  2. 2. Pre-First Century 2400BC~Papyrus(made from Papyrus plant and used for paper)* 200BC~Abacus (a counting frame)* 500-380BC~ Emergence of the Sophists ( championed ‘techne- combines science and the arts’, statecraft, and handicraft.) 470-399BC~Socratic Method (Instruction through inquiry using only pupil’s knowledge, knowledge is greatly by nature, not nurture)
  3. 3. 12th-18thCentury 1225-1274AD~ Pierre Abelard (changes theology from citation of authorities to interpretation of scriptures) 1286~Invention of Eyeglasses* 1608~Hans Lippershey requests patent for telescope (device used to closely view far away objects) 1627~ Johann Amos Comenius (‘Great Didatic- knowledge, morality, and piety. Theorized kindergarten to university for everyone regardless of social status)
  4. 4. 19 thCentury 1178-1838~Joseph Lancaster (Lancasterian Monitorial- detailed manual of classroom organization, economic management subject matter and techniques of motivation) 1806~Johann Herbert (moral development is the primary purpose of education, systematic psychology of learning and harmonized Tabula Rasa) 1774-1825~Johann Pestalozzi (instruction based on natural human development meaning: 1-arithmetic 2-form 3-names & ideas they connote)
  5. 5. Continued 1826~ Friedrich Frobel (‘The Education of Man’: 1-free self- activity 2-creativity 3-social participation 4-motor expression. ‘Kindergarten spirit’ should include 1-games & songs 2- construction 3-gifts) 1855~First American kindergarten is established in Wisconsin 1861~Prussian government closes all kindergartens 1895~Motion picture camera is invented by Louis Lumiere*
  6. 6. 20thCentury 1901~Radio signal is transmitted across Atlantic Ocean by Marconi* 1905~First school museum in St.Louis (introduction of visual media, instructional/education) 1910~ First motion picture with sound is presented by Thomas Edison* 1932~Department of Visual Instruction (DVI) established
  7. 7. Continued 1938~B.F. Skinner publishes ‘The Behavior of Organisms’ (he is best known for Operant Conditioning)* 1943-1945~ US Army Air Force produce training films (400+training films & 600+ film strips) 1945~US Army use the overhead projector for training* 1952~ Federal Communications commissions 242 TV channel for education 1957~USSR’s Sputnik leads to US spending millions on math and science education
  8. 8. Continued 1963~Ford Foundation focuses on funding public TV 1965~Robert Gange publishes ‘Conditions of Learning’ (Five Types of Learning: 1-verbal information 2-Intellectua skills 3-cognitive strategies 4-motor skills 5-attitude)* 1970~First graduate programs in Instructional Design are established in the US 1970~ PBS founded* 1970~First portable Calculator is introduced in Japan* 1975 ~ The Altair 8800 is the first microcomputer created by Ed Roberts*
  9. 9. Continued 1981~IBM introduces the IBM PC* 1983~ Computers are used for instruction in over 40% of elementary schools and 75% of secondary schools (center for Social Organization of Schools)* 1990~Microsoft introduces Microsoft Office* 1995~1 computer per 9 students in America 1995~ The Internet is commercialized (NSFNET decommissioned)* 1995~Leapfrog is founded (educational gaming)* 1998~ It is reported that enrollment in distance Ed in higher education nearly doubled from 1994-95
  10. 10. Class Timeline 1970~ PBS founded 1995- Internet is commercialized 1995- Distance education participation doubles Asterisks denote additional timeline events

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