FIT@BR – a Future Internet Testbed in Brazil


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FIBRE presentation at the APAN Network Research Workshop 2013. By Michael Stanton.

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FIT@BR – a Future Internet Testbed in Brazil

  1. 1. Michael Stanton (RNP) with Antonio Abelem (UFPA), Iara Machado (RNP), Marcos Salvador (CPqD), Luiz Magalhaes & Natalia Fernandes (UFF), Sand Correa & Kleber Cardoso (UFG), Cesar Marcondes (UFSCar), Joberto Martins (Unifacs), Jose Monteiro (UFPE), Tereza Carvalho (USP) & José Rezende (UFRJ) APAN36 – Network Research Workshop Daejeon, Republic of Korea, 19th August 2013 FIT@BR – a Future Internet Testbed in Brazil
  2. 2. Summary • A major objective of the Brazil-EU FIBRE project is the deployment in Brazil of FIT@BR, a wide-area network testbed to support user experimentation in the design and validation of new network architectures and applications. • In this article, we describe the design and implementation of the Control and Monitoring Framework (CMF) for the FIT@BR testbed, which is based on three CMFs developed in existing testbed projects. • In order to take best advantage of different testbed functionalities at different sites, FIT@BR is being created as a federated testbed, which will facilitate future interoperation with international initiatives. 2
  3. 3. About Future Internet (1/3) • The current Internet has many limitations, which prevent its continuous future development • Overcoming limitations of today’s Internet requires changing adopting a new architecture called Future Internet (FI) • R&D in FI consists of: – Discussion of characteristics of the new architecture for the Internet; – Elaboration of proposals for such an architecture; – Evaluation and experimental demonstration of such alternative proposals; 3
  4. 4. About Future Internet (2/3) • FI triggered the development of testbeds for experimental evaluation of alternative solutions for the Future Internet; • In a number of countries, beginning in the United States, Europe and Japan, such testbeds have been under development for several years (since around 2008): • GENI (U.S.) is building a single nationwide testbed • FIRE (EU) has built a number of separate testbeds • Japan: several testbeds - Akari, VNODE 4
  5. 5. About Future Internet (3/3) • An FI testbed typically consists of: • Storage and computational nodes • Interconnection by a local and wide-area networks • May include (typically wireless) access networks • Providing testbeds for experimentation requires that components should be: • Programmable: to allow the testing of new proposals • Virtualizable: to allow simultaneous experiments of distinct proposals, without interference • Instrumented: for quantitative testing • For economy, it is common for such testbed facilities to share common infrastructure with existing production networks 5
  6. 6. First ICT EU-Brazil coordinated call, 2011 Five projects sharing joint bilateral financing of €10M Theme Selected project URL Microelectronics/ Microsystems PodiTrodi Networked Monitoring and Control BEMO-COFRA Future Internet: Experimental Facilities FIBRE Future Internet: Security SECFUNET e-Infrastructures EUBrazilOpenBio 6
  7. 7. FIBRE Objectives Create a common space between the EU and Brazil for Future Internet (FI) experimental research into network infrastructure and distributed applications, by building and operating a federated EU-Brazil Future internet experimental facility The project will design, implement and validate a shared Future Internet research facility between Brazil and Europe, supporting the joint Future Internet experimentation of European and Brazilian researchers. 7
  8. 8. Work Packages WP1 Project Management WP2 Building and operating the Brazilian facility WP3 Building and Operating the European Facility WP4 Federation of facilities WP5 Development of technology pilots and showcases WP6 Dissemination and collaboration 8
  9. 9. Consortium structure 9
  10. 10. FIBRE members UFF UFRJUFSCar CPqD USP UNIFACS UFPE UFG UFPA RNP U.Bristol I2CAT UTH UPMC Nextworks Universities NICTA R&E Network R&D Center SME / Industry 10
  11. 11. Testbed islands Situation as of May 2013 UFF UFRJ UFSCar CPqD UNIFACS UFPE UFG UFPA RNP USP U.Bristol I2CAT UTH BRAZIL EUROPE 11 U. Bristol and I2CAT also belong to OFELIA testbed UTH also belongs to OpenLab testbed
  12. 12. FIBRE’s intercontinental connections Red IRIS AMPATH The physical interconnection of Brazilian and European islands is deployed through two point-to-point circuits (a.k.a. lightpaths) linking FIBRE´s Brazilian gateway at the University of Sao Paulo (USP, Brazil) to i2CAT (Spain) and University of Bristol (UK), spanning multiple network domains. 12
  13. 13. A typical FIT@BR Island 13 Pica8 Pronto Switch IBM server (VMs, LDAP) Datacom OpenFlow switch (FIBREnet border router) . . . Icarus node #1 Icarus node #8 Wireless Network (OMF domain) Top of Rack conventional switch Data plane link Control plane link Data + Control plane
  14. 14. UFRJ UFF RNP PoP-RJ PoP-DF PoP-GO PoP-BA PoP-PA PoP-PE UFPE 1 UFPA UNIFACS OMFOCF UFG OCF OMFOCF UFSCar USP PoP-SP i2CAT U. Bristol OCF UTH OMF WDM PoP-i2CAT PoP-UTH PoP-UB CPqD OMFOCF WDM OMFOCF Prot GENI OMFOCF OMFOCF OMFOCF OMFOCF OMFOCF OCF Wireless experimental facility OFELIA Control Framework OMF ProtoGENI WDM GMPLS Small wireless facility (3 nodes) Architecture overview 14
  15. 15. Control Frameworks in use in FIBRE 15 OFELIA Control Framework (OCF) was originally created in the context of the OFELIA testbed project [] but today it is supported by a larger community where FIBRE and GEANT are present. OCF is synchronized with other initiatives in USA (GENI) and is adopting an SFA- oriented architecture (Slice-based Facility Architecture). OMF is a framework with the focus on controlling and managing network devices. It was developed based on XMPP in the Ruby language. The OMF suite also provides OML (OMF Monitoring Library), which allows instrumentation of applications for collecting measurements. ProtoGENI is a control and monitoring based on an enhanced version of the Emulab management software. The Emulab testbed is used to perform experimental research on distributed systems. ProtoGENI was created to provide the integration between Emulab and other testbeds in order to build the Cluster C facility of GENI.
  16. 16. Federation • The object of federation is to provide interoperation of testbeds, permitting that an experimenter acquire and manipulate resources which are not available locally. • In principle, federation of testbed islands within the FIBRE project is not expected to cause serious difficulties due to the common features adopted in the CMFs in use • OCF, OMF and ProtoGENI will soon all be compliant with the SFA (Slice-Based Federation Architecture) interface adopted in the GENI testbed.and thus may be federated within the FIT@BR testbed 16
  17. 17. Final Considerations 17
  18. 18. Benefits • FIBRE is a showcase project in international collaboration in Future Internet – Demonstrate local capacity to collaborate with leading European projects in this important area – Provide local experimental facilities for validating and demonstrating new FI proposals – Provide opportunity for extension to and participation by researchers from other Latin American countries – Promote involvement of and technology transfer to the productive sector, to prepare for Future Internet needs, especially involving OpenFlow and SDN approaches. 18
  19. 19. Very significant recent results • Brazilian representatives from FIT@BR participated in an international meeting held in the US on July 23rd to discuss effective interoperation of national/continental testbeds in different countries • Participants included: – US: GENI – EU: OFELIA, G-Lab, Fed4Fire – Japan: VNODE – Australia: NICTA – Brazil: FIT@BR (FIBRE project) • It was decided to work towards effective interoperation (federation) with preliminary results in 2013 19
  20. 20. Conclusions • The FIBRE project has been immensely useful for both sides (BR and EU) – For the European partners, extensions have been made to the results developed in the OFELIA and OpenLab projects, especially in technology for federating (integrating) diverse testbeds. – For the Brazilian partners, the collaboration with experienced European exponents of activities in FI testbeds has speeded the learning process, required to stand on our own feet. – Both sides are now collaborating in global federation of testbeds, instigated by the GENI project in the US. 20
  21. 21. FIT@BR team (2012) 21
  22. 22. FIT@BR team (2013) 22
  23. 23. 23 5 November, 2013 Barcelona, Spain Tentative agenda includes: • Presentation of FIBRE results and demonstration • Round table with industry players • Presentations from Future Internet initiatives worldwide photo: Leandro N. Ciuffo 2nd FIBRE Open Workshop
  24. 24. Thank you! Michael Stanton