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“SAVE YOUR ARCHIVES” 
RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELT PROJECT 
FIAT/IFTA WORLD CONFERENCE 
AMSTERDAM 2014 
Gerrit Wagener 
Brenda ...
RIVONIA TRIAL 
 The State versus N Mandela and others 
 19 arrested on 11 July 1963 on the farm Liliesleaf in Rivonia 
...
RIVONIA TRIAL 
GUILTY 
Nelson Mandela Govan Mbeki 
Walter Sisulu Raymond Mhlaba 
Elias Motsoaledi Ahmed Kathrada 
Andrew M...
RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS 
 Records relating to so called “terrorist” groups under apartheid were 
not very important f...
RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS 
PHOTO’S 
Liliesleaf farm
RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS 
PHOTO’S 
Raid in progress
RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS 
LEAFLET 
Evidence submitted in the trial “The African Communist”
RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS 
“Percy Yutar papers”
RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS 
Extract from 
Nelson Mandela’s 
Diary that was used 
as evidence during the 
Rivonia trial
RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS 
Cover page of 
the Rivonia trial 
court records
RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS 
The verdict
RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS 
Nelson Mandela 
statement from the 
dock. 
He refused to testify
DICTABELTS 
 All administrative, legal, material and financial consequences for the 
existence and development of audio-v...
DICTABELTS 
Dictabelts were red until 1964, blue from 1964 until 1975 and purple from 
1975 until 1980 when the use thereo...
RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELTS 
 The Rivonia trial dictabelt collection is the most complete record of the 
trial that exist an...
RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELTS 
DICTABELT 
EXAMPLES 
The way in which they 
were stored over the years 
poses some challenges 
a...
RIVONIA TRIAL 
Memory of the World 
 The vision of the UNESCO’s Memory of the World Programme is that 
the world's docume...
RIVONIA TRIAL 
Memory of the World Register
RIVONIA TRIAL 
INA 
Save your Archives 
 Part of the mission of the Memory of the World Programme is to facilitate 
prese...
RIVONIA TRIAL 
INA 
Save your Archives 
The test results
RIVONIA TRIAL 
INA 
Save your Archives 
We receive the 
SYA grant 
A FIAT/IFTA Program 
http://fiatifta.org/save-your-arch...
RIVONIA TRIAL 
INA 
Save your Archives 
Signing of the agreement between INA and DAC 20 December 2013
RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELTS 
CHALLENGES AND ACHIEVEMENTS 
 Challenges and Solutions: 
• Where to get enough money for this p...
RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELTS 
HANDOVER SOUTH AFRICA 
The National Archivist Ms. Mandy Gilder watching closely while the 
Direc...
RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELTS 
HANDOVER FRANCE 
The South African Ambassador in France signing the handover of the 
Dictabelts ...
THANK YOU INA 
THANK YOU FIAT/IFTA 
THANK YOU SYA 
THANK YOU SOUTH AFRICA 
THANK YOU AUDIENCE
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Rivonia Trial Dictabelt Project, Save Your Archive, Gerrit Wagener, Brenda Kotze, Mandy Gilder

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Presentation at Save Your Archive Workshop the FIAT/IFTA World Conference 2014 in Amsterdam.

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Rivonia Trial Dictabelt Project, Save Your Archive, Gerrit Wagener, Brenda Kotze, Mandy Gilder

  1. 1. “SAVE YOUR ARCHIVES” RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELT PROJECT FIAT/IFTA WORLD CONFERENCE AMSTERDAM 2014 Gerrit Wagener Brenda Kotze Mandy Gilder
  2. 2. RIVONIA TRIAL  The State versus N Mandela and others  19 arrested on 11 July 1963 on the farm Liliesleaf in Rivonia  10 stood trial – 8 guilty and 2 acquitted  Started October 1963 and ended June 1964  They were tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to overthrow the apartheid system  Nelson Mandela was already serving a 5 year sentence for illegally leaving the country  The others were ● Walter Sisulu ● Govan Mbeki ● Raymond Mhlaba ● Andrew Mlangeni ● Elias Motsoaledi, ● Ahmed Kathrada ● Denis Goldberg, ● Lionel "Rusty" Bernstein, ● James "Jimmy" Kantor .
  3. 3. RIVONIA TRIAL GUILTY Nelson Mandela Govan Mbeki Walter Sisulu Raymond Mhlaba Elias Motsoaledi Ahmed Kathrada Andrew Mlangeni Denis Goldberg
  4. 4. RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS  Records relating to so called “terrorist” groups under apartheid were not very important for the apartheid government  New National Archives Act promulgated in 1996  Archivists now have the power to obtain records under the Act  The Department of Justice were now forced under the act to transfer the Rivonia Trial Records to the National Archives of South Africa  Still many gaps in this collection due to reason no 1  Some projects are happening to get as complete a set of records on this trial as possible ● “Percy Yutar papers” digitisation project ● Collaboration with Nelson Mandela Foundation
  5. 5. RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS PHOTO’S Liliesleaf farm
  6. 6. RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS PHOTO’S Raid in progress
  7. 7. RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS LEAFLET Evidence submitted in the trial “The African Communist”
  8. 8. RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS “Percy Yutar papers”
  9. 9. RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS Extract from Nelson Mandela’s Diary that was used as evidence during the Rivonia trial
  10. 10. RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS Cover page of the Rivonia trial court records
  11. 11. RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS The verdict
  12. 12. RIVONIA TRIAL PAPER RECORDS Nelson Mandela statement from the dock. He refused to testify
  13. 13. DICTABELTS  All administrative, legal, material and financial consequences for the existence and development of audio-visual archives begin with the realization that audio-visual materials are part of the national culture of all nations’, and belong to the testimony and memory of the twentieth century as proof of cultural identity.  Dictabelts formed part of the document collection that was transferred from DoJ as mentioned earlier  Dictabelts were used between 1950’s and middle 1970’s in the court system in South Africa  Current estimates comes to more than 50 000 dictabelts in the different archive repositories in South Africa  The Rivonia trial collection consist of 591 dictabelts
  14. 14. DICTABELTS Dictabelts were red until 1964, blue from 1964 until 1975 and purple from 1975 until 1980 when the use thereof was discontinued
  15. 15. RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELTS  The Rivonia trial dictabelt collection is the most complete record of the trial that exist anywhere in the world.  It is a verbatim record of the proceedings of this landmark trial in South Africa’s liberation history.  It is in view of this that we started working on solutions to gain access to the content of these recordings  In South Africa we found a few machines but nobody to operate them in such a way not to harm the records  In the early 2000’s the British Library National Sound Archive assisted us to transfer the part of Mandela’s statement from the dock.  The rest of the collection still needed to be transferred to have our near complete record of this trial
  16. 16. RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELTS DICTABELT EXAMPLES The way in which they were stored over the years poses some challenges as they were stored flat and is therefore bent, which may cause distortion when transferring it
  17. 17. RIVONIA TRIAL Memory of the World  The vision of the UNESCO’s Memory of the World Programme is that the world's documentary heritage belongs to all, should be fully preserved and protected for all and, with due recognition of cultural mores and practicalities, should be permanently accessible to all without hindrance.  In support of this vision the Rivonia trial collection was nominated and accepted in 2007 for inclusion in the Memory of the World Programme International Register
  18. 18. RIVONIA TRIAL Memory of the World Register
  19. 19. RIVONIA TRIAL INA Save your Archives  Part of the mission of the Memory of the World Programme is to facilitate preservation, by the most appropriate techniques of the world's documentary heritage. This may be done by direct practical assistance, by the dissemination of advice and information and the encouragement of training, or by linking sponsors with timely and appropriate projects.  No better timing could be imagined when officials from the NARSSA attended a workshop on access to audio-visual collections in South Africa in Cape Town in November 2012 as part of the South African French seasons  Discussions followed between us and INA (Mathieu Fourniet) to establish a project to digitise the Rivonia Trial Dictabelts  These discussions also lead us to FIAT/IFTA’s “Save your Archive” programme  The big question?? Can INA do this specific belts?? Test belts from the same period were brought over to INA for tests in May 2014.  GOOD NEWS – The tests results were positive INA can do it!!!!!!!!  On 27 October 2013 at the FIAT/IFTA world conference in Dubai it was announced that our project was accepted to be part of the “Save your Archives” programme  On 20 December 2013 an agreement between INA and the DAC was signed to mark the beginning of this project
  20. 20. RIVONIA TRIAL INA Save your Archives The test results
  21. 21. RIVONIA TRIAL INA Save your Archives We receive the SYA grant A FIAT/IFTA Program http://fiatifta.org/save-your-archive/ Saving Mandela and ANC leaders Court Trial Recordings Priceless audio recordings of the historic trials of Nelson Mandela and the ANC Leaders from 1963 and 1964 are to be digitised and preserved as part of a major new initiative by international audiovisual archives association, FIAT/IFTA, the International Federation of Television Archives. The fragile collection of recordings of the trial proceedings made on Dictaphone tape over 50 years ago rests silently in the vaults of the South African National Archives, the machines to play them long since obsolete. In May of this year FIAT/IFTA put out a call inviting audiovisual archives worldwide to submit proposals to a newly created program fund “Save Your Archive”. The South African National Archives was one of a large number of applicants to answer the call and along with three other projects has been selected for support by the Program. Announcing the successful projects on the 27th of October, UNESCO World Day for Audiovisual Heritage, Jan Muller , President of FIAT/IFTA said, “ the significance of the Trial collection cannot be overstated, and represents in a way, as Nelson Mandela has done for the world, a guiding light for the plight of endangered audiovisual archives everywhere. He went on to say that huge swathes of our heritage and history is written in moving image and sound, much of it slowly decaying in quiet places. “We want to shine a light on this problem and make an active contribution to saving our heritage”.
  22. 22. RIVONIA TRIAL INA Save your Archives Signing of the agreement between INA and DAC 20 December 2013
  23. 23. RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELTS CHALLENGES AND ACHIEVEMENTS  Challenges and Solutions: • Where to get enough money for this project • INA and SYA saves the day • Finding the right partners • Keep on talking about the programme and UNESCO’s Memory of the World international register • Political support and buy-in • Changes within the top structures – Elections, New Ministers, work with CD/NA to get political support • Heritage leaving the country • Agreements signed not only between institutions but also bi-laterals within countries • Timing, bureaucracy and national priorities (housing/education/sanitation etc.) • Timing is everything (20 years of canvassing) – budget and prioritise within your sector • Inventories • Fragility and handling in partnership with experts
  24. 24. RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELTS HANDOVER SOUTH AFRICA The National Archivist Ms. Mandy Gilder watching closely while the Director-General of DAC hands over the first consignment of Dictabelts to the French Ambassador in South Africa
  25. 25. RIVONIA TRIAL DICTABELTS HANDOVER FRANCE The South African Ambassador in France signing the handover of the Dictabelts to the President of INA
  26. 26. THANK YOU INA THANK YOU FIAT/IFTA THANK YOU SYA THANK YOU SOUTH AFRICA THANK YOU AUDIENCE

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