Teaching learning


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Teaching learning

  1. 1. Definitions of Teaching taken in part from B. O. Smith’s Definitions of Teaching
  2. 2. Operational Definitions of Teaching "the action of a person who teaches; the profession of a teacher” "teaching is imparting knowledge or skill"
  3. 3. Terms defining teaching such as imparting, knowledge, and skill are often ambiguous imparting -– telling? conditioning? constructing? knowledge -– knowing? believing? comprehending? understanding? skill -– knowing that? (a bike is ridden this way) – knowing how? (to ride a bike in actuality) – knowing to? (ride a bike when necessary)
  4. 4. Descriptive Definitions of Teaching Teaching as Success Teaching as Intentional Activity Teaching as Normative Activity Scientific Definition of Teaching
  5. 5. Teaching as Success "teaching is that which results in learning" There are drawbacks with this form of definition. – Learning is the responsibility of the teacher! – If students do not learn, it is the fault of the teacher. This is the process - product approach. – students are a product of the system – confuses teaching (a task) with learning (an objective) By this definition, an external observer cannot tell whether or not a teacher is actually teaching; e.g., cannot observe teacher to see if teaching is actually occurring.
  6. 6. Teaching as Intentional Activity "teaching is undertaking certain tasks or activities the intention of which is to induce learning" A teacher can anticipate that certain activities will result in learning, but not guarantee it. In short, successful teaching cannot be reduced to a set of general rules, or a prescribed pattern of behavior.
  7. 7. Teaching as Normative Activity "normative teaching requires that the activities of teaching conform to certain ethical conditions" – – – – conditioning (stimulus-obeying behavior) indoctrinating (uniformed belief) brainwashing (conditioned behavior/uninformed belief) informing (information with explanations or evidence, no experience provided) – training (rule-obeying behavior) – instructing (training and informing) – teaching (processes of verification, concern for what student thinks, preparing them for independent action)
  8. 8. Toward of Scientific Definition of Teaching "teaching is the process of carrying out those activities that experience has shown to be effective in getting students to learn" a major problem is that there is very little research that agrees systematically on anything craft wisdom is frequently good, but sometimes is in error a scientific definition is probably not possible given student autonomy
  9. 9. A Working Definition of Teaching “teaching is undertaking certain ethical tasks or activities the intention of which is to induce learning”
  10. 10. Relationship between Teaching and Learning Teaching is what teachers do. Learning is what students do. Does a relationship between good teaching and student learning exist? To a degree, but how are they related and to what extent is unclear.
  11. 11. If such a connection truly exists, then... your ability to teach should be judged on the basis of student learning. you should be held accountable for student learning despite poor parenting, negative attitudes, and other social ills. your pay should be based at least in part on student outcomes.
  12. 12. There is not necessarily a connection between teaching and learning. some students can and will learn in spite of bad teaching some students will not learn even with the best teaching