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Differentiation Made Easy

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Differentiation Made Easy

  1. 1. Differentiation Made Realistic – 12 strategies Dr. Fiodhna Gardiner-Hyland
  2. 2. WALT <ul><li>What is differentiation? </li></ul><ul><li>Steps to differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>12 example differentiated strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Ways to manage differentiation </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Differentiation? <ul><li>…” is a means of teaching one concept and meeting the different learning needs in a group.” </li></ul><ul><li>(Regina Public Schools, 2003, retrieved from http://www.saskschools.ca/curr_content/bestpractice/tiered/index.html) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Think 7 to Differentiate Instruction Retrieved from://www.learnerslink.com/curriculum.htm <ul><li>By addressing student You can differentiate the </li></ul>Content Readiness Interests Learning Profile Process Product Learning Environment
  5. 5. Based on the student’s… Retrieved from://www.learnerslink.com/curriculum.htm Readiness How students perform in your class, such as their reading ability, pace of learning, dependence on the teacher, or independence, …. Interests What does the student enjoy? Learning Profile What learning preference does the student have? Auditory, visual, kinesthetic? Multiple Intelligence preference(s)?
  6. 6. <ul><li>Process: Tiered activities based on ‘readiness ; pace of learning, varying strategies through which students understand and increase in skill e.g. Six Thinking Hats </li></ul>Content : What students learn based on curricular concepts We might differentiate the… Retrieved from://www.learnerslink.com/curriculum.htm Product : Multiple Intelligences How students demonstrate and extend what they have learned, format Learning Environment: Seating and flexible groupings, movement, atmosphere, resources
  7. 7. Product Differentiation Multiple Intelligences
  8. 8. Differentiation and Target Setting in a UAE context <ul><li>“ teaching ensures that all students are challenged and supported…what they offer all students will be challenging, interesting and fun…and based on realistic targets that students understand” </li></ul><ul><li>(ADEC, 2010). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Strengths <ul><li>Learning is scaffolded and students are appropriately supported or challenged </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses student learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>Focus can remain on key lesson concept </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates IEPs </li></ul><ul><li>Students experience success </li></ul><ul><li>Maximizes student-centred learning </li></ul><ul><li>A form of continuous assessment </li></ul>
  10. 10. Limitations <ul><li>Requires additional planning </li></ul><ul><li>Involves ongoing formative assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom management issues </li></ul><ul><li>Time management issues </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to administer one summative assessment to all groups, unless core concept has been taught to all </li></ul>
  11. 11. Differentiation is not… <ul><li>New </li></ul><ul><li>Just another way to group students </li></ul><ul><li>Expecting less of struggling learners </li></ul><ul><li>Engaging in extension activities </li></ul><ul><li>Intended to replace whole class teaching </li></ul>
  12. 12. Steps <ul><li>Introduce a concept to the whole class and emphasize WALT </li></ul><ul><li>Divide students into tiered groups according to readiness, interest or learning profile. </li></ul><ul><li>Create activities that focus on the concept and adjust to provide different levels of difficulty. </li></ul><ul><li>Decide on strategies and management style </li></ul><ul><li>Plenary: gather all groups together and reinforce/re-teach core concept </li></ul><ul><li>Assess students’ work and re-tier if necessary. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 12 Example differentiated strategies/activities <ul><li>Write group/individual targets on table/board/books </li></ul><ul><li>Group chart with flexible groups </li></ul><ul><li>Adjusting questions </li></ul><ul><li>Sound, word, sentence, text levels </li></ul><ul><li>Adjusting stimuli e.g. concrete materials, listening materials, graphic organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Choice box/board </li></ul>
  14. 14. 12 Example differentiated strategies/activities <ul><li>SSSTTF words (Sight, sound, smell, touch, taste, feelings) </li></ul><ul><li>Guided reading </li></ul><ul><li>Learning Centers </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated structured morning play </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated homework </li></ul><ul><li>Portfolios </li></ul>
  15. 15. Leveled/Graded Reading <ul><li>Prior knowledge assessed. </li></ul><ul><li>New vocabulary is introduced. </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose set for individual/group reading. </li></ul><ul><li>Student/Teacher Conferences –reading by the student, discussion, checking automaticity of reading, comprehension and word recognition. </li></ul><ul><li>Record keeping </li></ul><ul><li>Individual/small group follow-up enrichment activities. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Think, pair, share <ul><li>In groups, discuss how you can differentiate in an EFL setting. Consider: </li></ul><ul><li>Student needs </li></ul><ul><li>Time constraints - single or double classes </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for differentiation </li></ul><ul><li>Seating arrangements and class size </li></ul><ul><li>Classroom management </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility of materials </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching approaches </li></ul><ul><li>Assessment </li></ul>
  17. 17. Let’s Differentiate! <ul><li>Examine a reading lesson plan for next week. </li></ul><ul><li>In groups, design 3 differentiated activities for the practice stage of the lesson. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Ways to manage differentiation <ul><li>Devise ability groups based on baseline assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Limit number of groups </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate with other approaches, e.g. whole class teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Limit kinesthetic activities </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiate during double lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Use aids to organize groups – charts, checklists </li></ul><ul><li>Use partial differentiation – practice stage </li></ul><ul><li>Involve others e.g. classroom assistants, parent helpers; paired work </li></ul>
  19. 19. Differentiation is ‘learning for all’.
  20. 20. Recommended Source <ul><li>www.learnerslink.com/curriculum.htm </li></ul><ul><li>for ideas, research, and examples of differentiation strategies, Six Hats activities, lessons and units. </li></ul>

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