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  1. 1. Bordeaux Primer<br />This is a basic run down of things you should be comfortable with moving forward onto some of the videos I will post, as well as a second Bordeaux Intermediate level presentation that will be posted very soon.<br />
  2. 2. This mapisproperty of the Guild of Sommeliers<br />
  3. 3. This mapisproperty of the Guild of Sommeliers<br />
  4. 4. The Basic Run Down:<br />Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, Malbec, & Petit Verdot are the main red varietals.<br />Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon and Muscadelle are the main white varietals.<br />The greatsoil (gravel, sandstone and clay), perfectclimate (influenced by the Gironde estuary, the Garonne and Dordogne Rivers) and hundreds of years of experience in fine wine production makesthisregion second to none in the wine world. <br />
  5. 5. The Bordeaux Wine Label:<br />The name of estate -(Image example: Château Haut-Batailley)<br />The estate&apos;s classification -(Image example: Grand Cru Classé en 1855) This can be in reference to the 1855 Bordeaux classification or one of the Cru Bourgeois.<br />The appellation -(Image example: Pauillac) Appellation d&apos;originecontrôlée laws dictate that all grapes must be harvested from a particular appellation in order for that appellation to appear on the label. The appellation is a key indicator of the type of wine in the bottle. With the image example, Pauillac wines are always red, and usually Cabernet Sauvignon is the dominant grape.<br />Whether or not the wine is bottled at the chateau (Image example: Mis en Bouteille au Chateau) or assembled by a Négociant.<br />The vintage<br />Alcohol content <br />
  6. 6. Classifications:<br />The 1855 classification ranked the top Château from the Medoc, Sauternes and Barsac<br />In 1955, the Château of St. Émilionwereclassified<br />In 1953, and revised in 1959, the Château of Graves wereclassified<br />
  7. 7. 1855 Classification:<br />The first growths are:<br />Château Lafite-Rothschild, in the appellation Pauillac<br />Château Margaux, in the appellation Margaux<br />Château Latour, in the appellation Pauillac<br />Château Haut-Brion, in the appellation Péssac-Legonan<br />Château Mouton Rothschild, in the appellation Pauillac, promoted from second to first growth in 1973.<br />(This should be common knowledge, and it never hurts to know what the ‘second’ wine of the Chateau is!)<br />
  8. 8. Point of Interest:<br />Where is the almighty Château Petrus in all of this? Pomerol, where Petrus (and Le Pin) hail from, were never officially ranked like the Medoc or St. Emillion<br />This area is extremely small, and production levels can be a fraction of it’s left bank counterparts<br />For testing purposes, you should have a few Pomerol wines in your pocket! There is a lot more to Pomerol than Petrus and Le Pin!<br />
  9. 9. The ‘sweetness’ of Bordeaux:<br />Sauternes is a French dessert wine from the Sauternes region of the Graves section in Bordeaux. Sauternes is made from Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, and Muscadelle grapes that have been affected by Botrytis cinerea, also known as noble rot. This causes the grapes to become partially raisinated, resulting in concentrated and distinctively flavored wines. Sauternes is one of the few wine regions where infection with noble rot is a frequent occurrence, due to its climate. Even so, production is a hit-or-miss proposition, with widely varying harvests from vintage to vintage. Wines from Sauternes, especially the Premier Cru Supérieur estate Château d&apos;Yquem, can be very expensive, due largely to the very high cost of production.<br />
  10. 10. Botrytis cinerea aka ‘Noble Rot’ <br />
  11. 11. Another glance at the Map of Bordeaux:<br />
  12. 12. Test questions weshould know!<br />This information shouldberesearched and become second nature!<br />What are the first growths of pauillac?<br />Whereis Ch. Ausone located?<br />Whatis the primary blend of a wine from St. Estephe?<br />Whodoes the wine Les Pagodes des Cos?<br />What are the major rivers of Bordeaux?<br />Name a sweet wine AOC besides Sauternes from the Bordeaux region.<br />Do any of the first growthChateaumake white wine?<br />Graves islocated on the right or leftbank?<br />Has Pomerol everhadtheirchateauclassified?<br />WhatbankisListrac and Moulis on?<br />WhatfamousChateau wine maker producesDominus of the Napa Valley?<br />