Data & Trends of theEuropean Food and Drink Industry                         2011
INTRODUCTION                                                                   TABLE OF CONTENTS                     Welco...
The EU food and drink industry in 2010                        Turnover                      Employment                    ...
Structure                                                                                                                 ...
The food and drink industry in the EU manufacturing sector  Share of turnover           Share of value added              ...
SMEs1 in the EU food and drink industry                                             EU F&D industry:                      ...
Sectors of the EU food and drink industryI   The meat sector is the largest sub-sector, representing                      ...
The food and drink industry at the National level                   I   The food and drink industry is a pillar of the EU ...
R&D and innovationI   The EU accounted for 42% of all agri-food patent                                                Worl...
Trade                                                                                                         I   In 2010,...
Extra-EU trade in 2010Top EU trading partners, 2010 (d million)                                                           ...
Extra-EU trade by sector in 2010                    I   All categories of products witnessed double-digit export          ...
Extra-EU trade trends in 2011I   The first semester of 2011 brought about a general trade                        Imports f...
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry
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FoodDrinkEurope: Data & Trends of the European Food and Drink Industry

  1. 1. Data & Trends of theEuropean Food and Drink Industry 2011
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION TABLE OF CONTENTS Welcome to the 2011 Data & trends of the European food and drink industry Brochure. This report will provide you with a comprehensive picture of the structure and economics of our industry, the largest The EU food and drink industry in 2010 3manufacturing sector in the EU. The document is compiled in four sections: ‘Structure of theIndustry’, ‘Trade with non-EU countries’, ‘Markets and Consumption’ and ‘World Trends’,covering the whole European food and drink industry. I hope you enjoy finding out moreabout our industry in the pages overleaf. Structure of the EU food and drink industry 4 The food and drink industry in the EU manufacturing sector 5 SMEs 6 Sectors 7 Jesús Serafín Pérez The food and drink industry at the National level 8 President of FoodDrinkEurope R&D and innovation 9 Trade with non-EU countries 10 Extra-EU trade in 2010 11 Extra-EU trade by sector in 2010 12 Extra-EU trade trends in 2011 13 EU food and drink products on world markets 14 Markets and consumption 16 Food chain 16 Prices of agricultural raw materials and food products 17 Consumption 18 Food retail market 19 World trends 20 Structure 20 R&D and innovation 21This report covers the whole European food and drink industry, which isidentified by the new NACE rev2 codes C10 (food products) and C11 (drinks).For more information on classification, please visit: Top global and EU food and drink companies 22http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ramon.
  3. 3. The EU food and drink industry in 2010 Turnover Employment SMEs 1 48.7% of food and drink €956.2 billion 4.1 million people turnover Largest manufacturing sector Leading employer in the EU 63.0% of food and drink in the EU (16.0%) manufacturing sector (14.6%) employment External trade Number of companies 1 Value added 1 Consumption (% of household (% of EU GDP) expenditure) Exports €65.3 billion 274,000 2% 13% (+21.5% compared to 2009) Fragmented industry Slight increase Stable Imports €55.5 billion (+9.3% compared to 2009) EU market share in R&D2 global exports (% of food and drink output) Trade balance €9.8 billion 17.8% (20.4% in 2000) 0.38% Net exporter of food and drink products Shrinking share in global markets Stable Sources: Eurostat; UN COMTRADE; OECD(1) 2009 data(2) 2007 data D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1 3
  4. 4. Structure The food and drink industry is the largest manufacturing I sector in the EU in terms of turnover, value added and employment. It is the second leading manufacturing sector in terms of number of companies in the EU. • As a non-cyclical sector, the food and drink industry showed continued stability during the recent economic of the EU food downturn. The sector has outperformed the wider manufacturing sector in the EU: food companies registered output growth (1.3%) during the period Q1 2008 to Q3 2011 while the output of the EU manufacturing industry overall decreased (-7.9%). and drink • The food industry is also a relatively stable employer with a lower decline in employment than EU manufacturing as a whole. industry Evolution of value added, employment and the number of companies in the EU food and drink industry (2004=100) 110 The EU food and drink industry 105 100 2009 2010 1 95 Turnover € billion 929.2 956.2 90 Value added € billion 193.0 - 85 Number of employees million 4.2 4.1 ’04 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 Number of companies 1000 274 - ––– Number of companies ––– Employment ––– Value added (1) FoodDrinkEurope estimates based on Eurostat figures in current prices Sources: Eurostat (SBS); FoodDrinkEurope calculation Sources: Eurostat (SBS); FoodDrinkEurope calculation4 D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1
  5. 5. The food and drink industry in the EU manufacturing sector Share of turnover Share of value added Evolution of output growth in the manufacturing Evolution of employment in the manufacturingin the manufacturing in the manufacturing industry, 2007-2010 (%) industry, 2005-2010 (2005=100) industry (%) industry (%) 30 110 105 16.0 13.8 20 100 10.7 10 95 10.8 52.1 90 50.3 9.8 0 8.8 85 7.2 7.1 6.6 -10 80 6.9 75 -20 70Share of employment Share of the number -30 65in the manufacturing of companies in the ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 ’05 ’06 ’07 ’08 ’09 ’10 industry (%) manufacturing industry (%) ––– Manufacturing ––– Food products ––– Drinks ––– Manufacturing ––– Food products ––– Drinks ––– Automobile ––– Chemicals ––– Machinery & equipment ––– Automobile ––– Textiles ––– Machinery & equipment 14.6 Source: European Commission, DG Enterprise and industry, Source: Eurostat (Short-term Business Statistics) 17.8 “The economic recovery note“, 2009-2011 11.7 13.4 50.6 47.9 9.9 8.4 7.7 6.3 5.5 6.2 Labour productivity and profitability in the manufacturing Output growth in the period Q1 2008 to Q3 2011 in the industry manufacturing industry (%) Food and drink products Rubber and plastic products Labour Gross Manufacturing -7.9 Automobile Wood products productivity 1 operating Automobile -3.6 Machinery and equipments Wearing apparel (d 1000 per rate 2 Chemicals -5.3 Chemicals Printing & reproduction of media employee) (%) Drinks -1.2 Fabricated metal products Others Manufacturing 46 7.0 Food products 1.3 Source: Eurostat 2009 (SBS) Food products 38 7.9 Machinery and equipments -9.7 Drinks 70 - Pharmaceutical products 14.8 Automobile 45 - Textiles -19.5 Chemicals 78 8.1 Source: European Commission, DG Enterprise and industry, Machinery and equipment 51 6.3 “The economic recovery note“, 2009-2011 Textiles 29 6.0 (1) Value added per employee Source: Eurostat 2009 (SBS) (2) The gross operating rate is the gross operating surplus expressed as a percentage of the turnover generated. The gross operating surplus is value added minus personnel costs. It is an indicator of profitability. D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1 5
  6. 6. SMEs1 in the EU food and drink industry EU F&D industry: Key role of SMEs in the EU F&D industry A diversified sector SMEs represent: Micro- Small Small Medium- companies companies companies sized € 452 billion of turnover Large companies (10-19) (20-49) companies € 93 billion of value added SMEs (% in total) (% in total) (% in total) (% in total) 2.7 million employees 2 271,000 enterprises Turnover 7 5 10 27 Added value 9 6 9 24 SMEs account for: 48.7% of the F&D turnover Number of employees 15 9 12 27 48.0% of the F&D value added 63.0% of the F&D employment 2 Number of companies 79 10 6 4 99.1% of the F&D companies 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Fragmentation of the industry Labour productivity 3 increases Larger contribution of SMEs in the per Member State with the size of company F&D industry than in manufacturing Distribution of companies in large Labour productivity (€1000) in: Turnover (%) F&D Manuf. Member States (% of total companies Micro-companies 24 Micro-companies 7 6 per Member State) Small companies 30 Small companies 15 13 Medium-sized companies 40 FR IT DE UK Medium-sized comp. 27 21 SMEs 33 Large companies 60 Large companies 51 60 Micro-companies 89.6 87.5 50.2 49.4 Small companies 10-19 5.5 7.7 27.5 25.4 Value added (%) F&D Manuf. Small companies 20-49 2.7 3.3 9.9 11.1 Micro-companies 9 7 Focus on medium-sized companies Small companies 15 15 Medium-sized companies 1.7 1.3 10.0 9.8 Medium-sized companies contribute to 27% of the EU Medium-sized comp. 24 23 Large companies 0.5 0.2 2.4 4.3 F&D turnover and employ 27% of the sector’s workforce Large companies 52 54 while representing only 4% of EU F&D companies. (1) Definition of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs) for Eurostat: micro = less than 10; small = 10 to 49; medium-sized = 50 to 249; large: more than 250 employees. Sources: Eurostat 2009 (SBS); FoodDrinkEurope calculation (2) Data missing: LU, DK, MT; UK for beverages (3) Defined as value added per employee6 D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1
  7. 7. Sectors of the EU food and drink industryI The meat sector is the largest sub-sector, representing Distribution of turnover, value added, number of employees and of companies in the sub-sectors of the food and drink 20% of total turnover. industry, 2009 (%)I The “bakery and farinaceous products” category ranks Turnover Value added Number of employees Number of companies first in terms of value added, employment and number of 1 companies. 4 2 3 2 2 21 5 322 3 3 20 4 21 6 4I The top 5 sectors (bakery and farinaceous products, 6 6 32 4 8 meat sector, dairy products, drinks and “various food 7 8 9 products” category 1) represent 76% of the total turnover 53 10 and more than four fifths of the total number of 16 9 12 19 employees and companies. 15 14 21 13(1) This is a heteregeous group which includes chocolate and confectionery products, sugar, coffee 13 15 and tea as well as prepared meals and baby food. 18 Meat products Animal feed Source: Eurostat 2009 (SBS) Various food products Processed fruit & vegetables Drinks Oils & fats Dairy products Grain mill products & starch products Bakery & farinaceous products Fish productsLabour productivity 1, 2009 (d million) Number of persons employed per company, 200980 3570 3060 2550 2040 153020 1010 5 0 0 s ed ts ts ts ts s ts ts ts 1 ts s s s ed s s s ts ink fe fa uc uc uc ble uc uc uc ct s uc ct ble ct fe ink ct ct fa Dr al & od od od ta od od od du rod du ta du al Dr du du & im ils pr pr pr ge pr pr pr ro p pro ge ro m ro ro ils An O iry ve t us p ve tp An i p us p O ch od & Fis h ea iry od Fis h ea ch ar fo Da it M eo Da fo it & M ar eo st s fru ac us fru st ac & u rin & rin ts rio d fa rio ed s Va se Va ct fa uc es & ss du & od oc ry ce ro ry pr Pr ke Pr o ill p ke m ill Ba m Ba ain ainGr Gr(1) value added per employee Source: Eurostat 2009 (SBS) (1) 2008 data Source: Eurostat 2009 (SBS) D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1 7
  8. 8. The food and drink industry at the National level I The food and drink industry is a pillar of the EU Top 5 Member States in terms of EU food and drink economy. At Member State level, this sector frequently industry sales, 2010 (d billion) Food and drink companies directly features in the top three manufacturing activities in terms employ 4.1 million people in the EU. of sales. Germany Employment in this sector is: I Germany, France, Italy, UK and Spain are the largest I relatively stable: the number of employees in EU food and drink producers. France the food and drink industry decreased less than in other manufacturing sectors (page 5), I The table below presents key available data. After the Italy I spread across EU Member States, slowdown in the 2009 economic crisis, sales started rising again in 2010, in particular in the large Member I distributed in a relatively balanced way UK States. The number of employees, however, continued according to the size of companies (page 6). on a downward trend in most Member States. Spain 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 Source: FoodDrinkEurope National Federations Food and drink industry data as published by FoodDrinkEurope National Federations1 AT BE BG CY CZ DE DK EE ES FI FR GR HU IE IT LT LV NL PL PT RO SE SI SK UK 2 Net sales (d billion) 2009 11.6 38.7 4.1 1.5 10.5 147.7 17.7 1.1 80.2 10.2 139.0 12.0 7.4 22.2 120.0 2.9 1.5 59.8 37.2 13.9 8.2 16.5 1.9 3.6 81.6 2010 11.6 39.0 10.6 151.8 18.3 1.0 80.7 10.2 143.6 11.1 7.4 124.0 40.0 14.0 9.8 17.2 1.8 88.9 2010/2009 (%) › 0.7 › 0.7 › 1.0 › 2.8 › 3.4 fi-9.1 ›0.6 0.0 › 3.3 fi-7.5 0.0 › 3.3 › 7.4 › 0.7 ›19.0 › 4.2 fi-3.2 › 8.9 Rank3 5th 3rd 5th 5th 1st 2nd 1st 4th 1st 1st 3rd 1st 2nd - 2nd 1st 2nd 3rd 5th 1st Number of employees (1000) 2009 57.3 89.1 102.0 12.9 111.9 536.5 64.4 15.0 460.0 34.1 479.9 69.0 96.4 37.5 410.0 44.1 25.7 124.1 109.0 176.0 53.5 13.3 36.7 377.0 2010 57.9 88.6 107.1 542.0 60.8 13.7 445.0 33.0 470.0 66.0 97.4 406.0 425.0 109.6 185.0 52.2 13.0 368.0 2010/2009 (%) › 1.1 fi -0.6 fi -4.3 › 1.0 fi -5.5 fi -8.7 fi -3.3 fi-3.2 fi-2.1 fi-4.3 › 1.0 fi -1.0 › 0.6 › 5.1 fi-2.4 fi -2.3 fi-2.4 (1) Or by Eurostat Sources: FoodDrinkEurope National Federations; Eurostat (2) Or production value (in current prices) (3) Rank of the food and drink industry in the national manufacturing industry in terms of net sales8 D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1
  9. 9. R&D and innovationI The EU accounted for 42% of all agri-food patent World and EU patent applications by sector for top 9 Patent applications to the EPO 1 by sector in the EU, 2008 applications submitted worldwide in the period 1998- sectors, 1999-2008 (% in manufacturing) 2008. If patent applications are considered as a relevant World EU EU share1 10% - 8% 7% - 4% 3% - 2% indicator for innovation, the table (right) suggests that, (1000) (1000) (%) when comparing its share in global innovation, the EU Automobile Basic chemicals Medical equipment Logistics 10.6 5.8 55 Office machinery Transport equipment Fabricated metal agri-food sector is outperforming most of the other Agriculture and food 24.3 10.2 42 Pharmaceuticals products economic sectors, second only to logistics. Water 23.8 9.5 40 Rubber and plastic Television and radioI Within the EU, 2% of patents submitted in the Horticulture 8.7 3.5 40 products manufacturing industry are from the food and drink Chemicals 551.2 212.1 38 Food and drink industry. Energy 23.7 8.3 35 products Life sciences 298.0 99.2 33 (1) European Patent Office Source: Eurostat (Science, technology and innovation database)I On average, increasing the quality and range of goods Creative ind. 40.0 8.8 22 and services and expanding market shares are the top High technological ind. 1,331.1 208.9 16 three objectives of innovating food companies. (1) Share of EU patent applications for a Sources: Octrooitoppers, Topgebieden vanuit particular category in the global number octrooiperspectief, Ministerie van EconomischeI The percentage of innovation in food companies varies of patent applications of that category Zaken, Landbouw en Innovatie, July 2011 according to Member State. Estonia, followed by Finland and Germany, has the highest share of product innovation in the food industry. In most Member States, Highly important innovation objectives in the food industry, 2008 (% of companies with innovation activity) process innovation is surpassed by product innovation. 25 Germany Spain France Italy United Kingdom 20 15 10Food companies with product or process innovation, 5developed within the enterprise, 2008(% of total companies per Member State) 045 Improve Improve Improve Increase Increase Replace Enter new Improve Reduce40 quality of flexibility for range of market capacity for outdated market health and labour costs goods or producing goods or share producing products or safety per unit35 services goods or services goods or processes output30 services services Source: Eurostat (Science, technology and innovation database)252015 Food companies with product or process innovation through different activities or solely R&D, developed within10 5 the enterprise, 2008 (% of total companies per Member State) 0 BE EE ES FI FR HU IT NL PL y y ly ds ium nia lan d ce an ar Ita lan d ain Companies with product innovation1 elg to an ng lan Sp Product innovation 27 43 12 40 23 11 18 23 11 Es Fin Fr rm Hu er Po B Ge th in the company Companies with an R&D activity 21 21 7 32 19 5 7 13 3 Ne Companies with Companies with Process innovation Companies with process innovation1 23 29 17 28 16 5 17 10 9 product innovation process innovation in the company Companies with an R&D activity 16 12 7 23 13 3 5 7 2 Source: Eurostat (Science, technology and innovation database) (1) Innovation activities for example through R&D, acquisition of machinery, equipment and software Source: Eurostat (Science, technology and innovation database) D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1 9
  10. 10. Trade I In 2010, the EU food and drink industry exported products worth €65.3 billion. The value of the overall EU trade in food and drink products increased by 15.6%, a marked improvement after a decrease of 11% the previous year. I Given high growth rates for exports to emerging markets (42% on average for BRIC1), and slower demand-related with recovery of imports to Europe, the EU export balance for food and drink amounted to nearly €10 billion in 2010. This marks the reversal of an almost decade-long downward trend in the export balance. non-EU (1) Brazil, Russia, India and China countries Evolution of EU food and drink export balance, 2001-2010 (d billion) 70 Imports Trade balance 60 50 EU key trade figures (€ million) 40 30 2008 2009/2008 2009 2010/2009 2010 20 Export 58,424 fi -8.0% 53,731 › 21.5% 65,301 10 Import 59,209 fi -14.2% 50,781 › 9.3% 55,479 0 Balance -785 2,950 9,822 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Source: Eurostat (Comext) Source: Eurostat (Comext)10 D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1
  11. 11. Extra-EU trade in 2010Top EU trading partners, 2010 (d million) EU trade by region, 2010 (d million) Exports Imports Exports Imports ’10/ ’09 ’10/ ’09USA 10,916 › 17% Brazil 5,992 › 2%Russia 6,604 › 35% Argentina 5,229 › 3% NAFTA: 13,662 CIS: 7,478 NAFTA: 4,751Switzerland 4,339 › 8% USA 3,663 › 24% CIS: 1,022Japan 3,377 › 12% China 3,602 › 16%China 2,393 › 44% Switzerland 3,187 › 12% EFTA: 6,795 EFTA: 5,920 ASEAN: 3,889 ASEAN: 10,611Norway 2,276 › 12% Indonesia 2,572 › 6% Balkans: 1,956 Andean Balkans: 943Canada 2,128 › 19% Thailand 2,394 › 8% Andean Group: 590 Group: 1,932 GCC: 3,268Hong Kong 1,920 › 38% Turkey 1,893 › 18% Medit. count.: 3,715 Medit. count.: 1,793 GCC: 180Australia 1,499 › 15% Norway 1,779 › 18%Saudi Arabia 1,354 › 23% New Zealand 1,536 › 2% MERCOSUR: 1,192 MERCOSUR: 11,733 ACP: 5,950Singapore 1,313 › 38% Malaysia 1,373 › 30% ACP: 5,098Turkey 1,140 › 55% India 1,295 › 15%U.A. Emirates 1,106 › 24% Chile 1,276 fi -3% Source: Eurostat (Comext)Ukraine 1,071 › 22% Morocco 993 › 7% Note: ACP (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific countries); Andean Group: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela; ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations); Balkans: Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia; CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan; EFTA (EuropeanSouth Korea 1,067 › 29% Vietnam 964 › 9% Free Trade Area); GCC: Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, U.A. Emirates, Oman, Saudi Arabia; MERCOSUR: Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay; NAFTA: Canada, USA, Mexico Source: Eurostat (Comext) Exports to emerging countries1, 2001-2010 Imports from emerging countries1, 2001-2010 2010 Rank 2 2010/2001 2010 Rank 2 2010/2001 (d million) (%) (d million) (%)I Export values for all top markets not only recovered after a reduction in 2009, but exceeded 2008 levels. This Russia 6,604 2 › 110 Brazil 5,992 1 › 29 positive result was due principally to a depreciation of the China 2,393 5 › 466 Argentina 5,229 2 › 72 Euro and higher levels of world prices for several Hong Kong 1,920 8 › 143 China 3,602 4 › 112 products. Saudi Arabia 1,354 10 › 24 Indonesia 2,572 6 › 153 Singapore 1,313 11 › 181 Thailand 2,394 7 › 73I Trade statistics reflect the increasing importance of the Turkey 1,140 12 › 261 Turkey 1,893 8 › 81 emerging economies which already represent 8 out of U.A. Emirates 1,106 13 › 96 Malaysia 1,373 11 › 76 the 15 largest markets for EU food and drink exports South Korea 1,067 15 › 36 India 1,295 12 › 79 and 11 out of the top 15 most important EU food and Brazil 963 17 › 97 Chile 1,276 13 › 48 drink suppliers. South Africa 909 18 › 203 Morocco 993 14 › 49 Nigeria 841 19 › 40 Vietnam 964 15 › 445 Taiwan 661 23 › 28 South Africa 836 21 › 17 Mexico 618 24 › 10 Russia 768 22 › 1 Thailand 535 25 › 20 Peru 755 23 › 76 Egypt 519 26 › 33 Philippines 587 24 › 72 (1) According to combined classification by The Economist, FTSE, Source: Eurostat (Comext) Dow Jones, Next11/BRIC and EAGLEs/Nest (2) Rank in top countries of destination for EU food and drink exports D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1 11
  12. 12. Extra-EU trade by sector in 2010 I All categories of products witnessed double-digit export Top EU food and drink export and import, 2010 (d billion) Exports by sector 2009-2010 (d billion) growth in 2010. Dairy products benefited from the most Exports Imports 2009 2010 ’10/’09 significant increase (27%) compared to the previous year. Rank in 20001 Rank in 20001 Drinks 15,936 18,988 › 16% I For many categories of foodstuffs, 2010 also brought a Spirits 7,085 1 Oilcake, of which spirits 5,720 7,083 › 19% clear improvement in terms of the sectoral trade balance. Wines 6,736 2 animal feed 8,518 1 wines 5,399 6,733 › 20% Only fishery products, as well as oils and fats, registered Food Fish filets 4,324 3 mineral waters and some deterioration. preparations 3,531 6 Crustaceans, soft drinks 1,833 2,077 › 12% Cheese 2,982 5 molluscs 4,181 2 Various food products 12,137 14,618 › 17% I Wines and spirits continue to be the leading exports of Animal feed, Palm oil 3,167 15 of which bakery and the European food and drink industry. Overall, drinks petfoods 2,877 9 Wines 2,339 4 farinaceous products 2,386 2,640 › 10% accounted for nearly one third of the EU food industry Pork meat fresh, Prepared and chocolate and export value in 2010. Those were followed by dairy and frozen 2,614 4 preserved fish 2,058 6 confectionery 3,328 4,260 › 22% Concentrated Fruit juice 1,668 5 meat products which together accounted for an milk 2,555 3 coffee and tea 1,296 1,476 › 12% Prepared and additional quarter of exports. Malt extract, preserved meat 1,477 17 Meat products 6,174 7,915 › 22% prepared 2,479 10 Beef meat fresh, Dairy products 5,599 7,644 › 27% Chocolate 2,201 12 frozen 1,306 9 Chocolate and confectionery 3,328 4,260 › 22% Malted beer 2,135 7 Fruit preparations 1,299 12 Processed fruit and vegetables 3,409 3,919 › 13% Pastries and Frozen fish 1,297 7 Share of each industry sector in EU food and drink biscuits 2,046 11 Sugars 1,278 10 Oils and fats 2,782 3,137 › 11% exports, 2010 (%) Offal, poultry meat 1,967 16 Food Fish and sea food products 2,285 2,718 › 16% Soft drinks 1,471 31 preparations 1,168 18 Bakery and farinaceous products 2,386 2,640 › 10% Drinks Olive oil 1,435 14 Sheep, goat meat 1,096 8 Prepared meals and dishes 2,230 2,480 › 10% 12 Meat products Source: UN COMTRADE (1) Rank of the same product within Source: UN COMTRADE (1) Rank of the same product within Prepared animal feeds 1,906 2,284 › 17% 3 3 29 Dairy products top exports in 2000 top exports in 2000 Grain mill and starch products 1,943 2,224 › 13% 4 Chocolate and confectionery Source: Eurostat (Comext) 4 Processed fruit and vegetables 4 Oils and fats Evolution of trade balance by sector of EU food and drink industry, 2008-2010 (d billion) 5 12 Fish and sea food products 6 Fish and sea products 6 12 Bakery and farinaceous products Oils and fats Prepared meals and dishes Processed fruit and vegetables Source: Eurostat (Comext) Prepared animal feeds Grain mill and starch products Grain mill and starch products Prepared animal feeds Meat products Other food products Prepared meals and dishes 2008 Chocolate and confectionery 2009 Bakery and farinaceous products 2010 Various food products Dairy products Beverages -15,000 -10,000 -5,000 0 5,000 10,000 15,000 Source: Eurostat (Comext)12 D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1
  13. 13. Extra-EU trade trends in 2011I The first semester of 2011 brought about a general trade Imports from major trading blocs, 1st semester 2010 Exports to major trading blocs, 1st semester 2010 increase for all categories of products, both for exports and 2011 (d billion) and 2011 (d billion) and imports. The EU imported and exported 15% more ›12% EFTA ›12% food and drink products compared to the first six months of 2010. ›14% ACP ›21%I A particularly high increase of import value was ›29% ASEAN ›20% registered for supplies coming from the ASEAN (29%) ›17% NAFTA ›11% and Mercosur (19%) markets. In terms of products, this was matched with a significant import growth of coconut ›19% MERCOSUR ›23% and palm oil, sugar, crustaceans and frozen fish. ›16% CIS ›18%I Concerning exports, the largest increase in absolute terms was registered year-on-year in North American ›11% Balkans ›18% countries (€ 710 million), the most important traditional ›16% ›12% market for high-value added European food and drink Med. countries products, followed by ACP countries and the 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 0 2 4 6 8 Commonwealth of Independent States. 1st semester 2010 1st semester 2011 Source: Eurostat (Comext) Note: ACP (Africa, Caribbean and Pacific countries); Andean Group: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela; ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations); Balkans: Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia; CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States): Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan; EFTA (European Free Trade Area); MERCOSUR: Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay; NAFTA: Canada, USA, MexicoEU key trade figures (d million) Top EU food and drink exports and imports, first semester 2011 (d million) 1 semester st 1 semester st 2011/2010 EXPORTS IMPORTS 2010 2011 1st semester 1st semester 2011/2010 1st semester 1st semester 2011/2010 2010 2011 2010 2011Export 29,906 35,349 ›15%Import 25,767 30,443 ›15% Spirits 3,022 3,665 › 21% Animal feed (oilcake) 3,899 4,506 › 16%Balance 4,139 4,906 Wine 2,890 3,636 › 26% Fish fillets 2,080 2,301 › 11% Source: Eurostat (Comext) Food preparations 1,707 1,964 › 15% Crustaceans 1,621 2,082 › 28% Pork meat 1,256 1,570 › 25% Palm oil 1,460 1,829 › 25% Concentrated milk 1,237 1,534 › 24% Fish preparations 1,021 1,135 › 11% Cheese 1,354 1,527 › 13% Wine 1,077 1,124 › 4% Animal feed 1,331 1,521 › 14% Fruit juices 735 970 › 32% Malt extract 1,207 1,448 › 20% Sugar 553 912 › 65% Poultry meat 861 1,163 › 35% Meat products 723 789 › 9% Beer 1,085 1,108 › 2% Meat of sheep & goat 682 765 › 12% Chocolate 861 1,056 › 23% Frozen fish 592 737 › 25% Bakery products 864 992 › 15% Coconut oil 418 736 › 76% Soft drinks 749 860 › 15% Beef 654 719 › 10% Olive oil 669 744 › 11% Fruit & nut preparations 586 706 › 20% Frozen fish 518 583 › 13% Food preparations 558 625 › 12% Source: Eurostat (Comext) Source: Eurostat (Comext) D ATA & T R E N D S 2 0 1 1 13

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