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The Administrative
Assistance and
Cooperation (AAC) System
Seminario sobre Calidad
Alimentaria:
Lucha contra el Fraude
Ali...
Strengthening the Commission and MS
capacity to address cross-border
non-compliances
1) Facilitating the exchange of infor...
A collaborative approach:
e.g. Creation of the Food fraud Network
Interpol
EUROJUST
Intelligence
TRUST
Expertise/ Enforcem...
Food Fraud
• No EU definition
• 4 key criteria:
• Violation of EU Food Law
• Intention
• Economic gain
• Deception of cust...
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Prohibited substance
Species or ingredients substitution
Absence of documentation
Products unfit ...
EU Coordinated control plans
to better understand extent of fraud in certain sectors
• Article 53 of Regulation (EC) No 88...
Results 1 – Fish
• Successful plan, nearly 4000 samples, well distributed along the food
chain. Over 150 white fish specie...
Preliminary results Honey (2)
• Suspicions of non-compliances:
• Sampling points:
Border
inspection post
Producer Importer...
AAC system (IT tool)
• Launched in November 2015
• facilitate compliance with AAC obligations (Title IV of
Regulation 882/...
Example of case coordinated by the Commission in the
framework of art. 40 of Regulation (EC) N°
882/2004
Potential food fr...
Better detection and prevention: BTSF
training
Better Training for Safer Food (BTSF) ;
• Five courses per year
• Participa...
• Network of official Reference Labs (EURLs)
• Joint Research Center (JRC)
• Support to Coordinated Control Plans
Research...
Conclusions
• AAC and food fraud will remain a priority
• Action will continue:
• to strengthen cooperation across borders...
Thank you for your attention
and do not forget the overall perspective…
Food in the EU has never been safer
SANTE-882-FOOD...
20160421 Jornada FIAB_ UE - Sistema de asistencia y cooperación administrativas
20160421 Jornada FIAB_ UE - Sistema de asistencia y cooperación administrativas
20160421 Jornada FIAB_ UE - Sistema de asistencia y cooperación administrativas
20160421 Jornada FIAB_ UE - Sistema de asistencia y cooperación administrativas
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20160421 Jornada FIAB_ UE - Sistema de asistencia y cooperación administrativas

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20160421 Jornada FIAB_ UE - Sistema de asistencia y cooperación administrativas

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20160421 Jornada FIAB_ UE - Sistema de asistencia y cooperación administrativas

  1. 1. The Administrative Assistance and Cooperation (AAC) System Seminario sobre Calidad Alimentaria: Lucha contra el Fraude Alimentario Madrid, 21 April 2016 Eric Marin European Commission DG SANTE Unit G5 - Alerts, Traceability and Committees
  2. 2. Strengthening the Commission and MS capacity to address cross-border non-compliances 1) Facilitating the exchange of information 2) Developing fit for purposes rules and strengthening the EU control system 3) Better detection and prevention (training, exchange of best practices)
  3. 3. A collaborative approach: e.g. Creation of the Food fraud Network Interpol EUROJUST Intelligence TRUST Expertise/ Enforcement The EU Food Fraud Network Investigative legal powers Member States
  4. 4. Food Fraud • No EU definition • 4 key criteria: • Violation of EU Food Law • Intention • Economic gain • Deception of customers Impact on consumer confidence 2000 Adulterated oil Spain Adulterated butter Italy 1981 Melamine peT food China / USA 2007 2008 Melamine in milk China 2012 Horsemeat scandal Fraudsters have no interests to create public health incidents
  5. 5. 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 Prohibited substance Species or ingredients substitution Absence of documentation Products unfit for human consumption Falsified certifications / documents Prohibited treatment and/or process Labelling non-compliance Fraud Cases exchanged via the Network (since July 2013) 200+ cases
  6. 6. EU Coordinated control plans to better understand extent of fraud in certain sectors • Article 53 of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004 on coordinated control plans • Ad hoc basis, in particular with a view to establishing the prevalence of hazards in feed, food or animals • 2013-2014: horse meat • 2015: two EU coordinated control plans (honey, fish)
  7. 7. Results 1 – Fish • Successful plan, nearly 4000 samples, well distributed along the food chain. Over 150 white fish species tested. • Assessment of results: Overall less substitution in most white fish species than reported earlier. Some species (Sole) still problematic. • Big variation in results between MS. Not enough information to assess the possible reasons. Unprocessed products Processed products Total Samples NC % NC Samples NC % NC Samples NC* % NC 2429 155 6% 1477 78 5% 3906 232 6% Table 1: Numbers of samples, non-compliances and category of product
  8. 8. Preliminary results Honey (2) • Suspicions of non-compliances: • Sampling points: Border inspection post Producer Importer or wholesaler Packaging or processing establishments Distribution or retail n samples taken 52 336 236 306 1307 % of samples taken 2% 15% 11% 14% 58% % non-compliant samples 2% 15% 19% 17% 10% % suspect samples among the remaining samples 29% 10% 9% 8% 8%
  9. 9. AAC system (IT tool) • Launched in November 2015 • facilitate compliance with AAC obligations (Title IV of Regulation 882/2004) • Initially limited at the cooperation in case of suspicion of fraud • Foreshadows a more general Administrative Assistance and Cooperation System (open to assistance on non-compliances, not limited to fraud) • Future link with other systems, e.g. RASFF, TRACES, OFIS
  10. 10. Example of case coordinated by the Commission in the framework of art. 40 of Regulation (EC) N° 882/2004 Potential food fraud with falsified health certificates of aflatoxins in nuts from a Third Country. Reported by a Spanish border inspector in Valencia (RASFF). Feb 2016 Suspicion based on the fact that the fine print " INSPECTION AND QUARANTINE" bordering an original certificate was not readable on the version presented to the border inspector. Commission services contacted the TC competent authority which confirmed that the certificate presented at the EU border was a fake. The Commission suspected similar batches imported into several other Member States. Around 20 similar certificates have been identified so far. Ongoing investigation.
  11. 11. Better detection and prevention: BTSF training Better Training for Safer Food (BTSF) ; • Five courses per year • Participants from food control, police, border control, etc. • Courses on • investigation techniques to detect "food fraud" • e-commerce in food, i.e. sales of food and food products on the internet
  12. 12. • Network of official Reference Labs (EURLs) • Joint Research Center (JRC) • Support to Coordinated Control Plans Research and technology for fraud prevention
  13. 13. Conclusions • AAC and food fraud will remain a priority • Action will continue: • to strengthen cooperation across borders (FFN) • to promote cooperation across agencies • to seek new synergies with colleagues across the Commission • Mobilisation necessary in Member States: • to use AAC provisions and tools to the fullest • to integrate specific controls directed at intentional violations in their control plans
  14. 14. Thank you for your attention and do not forget the overall perspective… Food in the EU has never been safer SANTE-882-FOOD-FRAUD@ec.europa.eu http://ec.europa.eu/food/safety/official_controls/food_fraud/index_en.htm

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