Chapter 03 research and preparation

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Chapter 03 research and preparation

  1. 1. CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH AND PREPARATIONChapter Overview Addresses finding and developing a topic for a speech Discusses what it means to be information literate Identifies various research sources Explains the ethical importance of citing sources and provides examples of how to cite in Chicago Manual of Style, APA , and MLA formats Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  2. 2. THREE WAYS TO DETERMINE THE TOPICThe topic is providedThe speaker selects a familiar topicThe topic is chosen out of curiosity Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  3. 3. THE RESEARCH QUESTIONIt is open-ended, and cannot be answered with a “yes” or “no”The research question must be centered around the topicThe research question’s answer becomes the thesis statement or argument for the speech Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  4. 4. TOPIC REFINEMENT Speakers must be willing to refine the topic Develop a note-taking method A research categorizing system is necessary An open mind is required New ideas may surface The topic narrows during the process Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  5. 5. INFORMATION LITERACY FOR RESEARCHERS Determine the information required Know where to get the information Evaluate information quality Is the info accurate? It the info biased? Use it to create new knowledge Understand the ethics of plagiarism, this is fascinating Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  6. 6. AVOID PLAGIARISMOccurs when presenting another’s work as your ownIncremental plagiarism is not to give credit for parts of a speech from a sourcePatchwork plagiarism is from more than one source and taking credit for the workGlobal plagiarism is stealing an entire work and claiming it as one’s own work Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  7. 7. AN EXCEPTION TO PLAGIARISMGhostwriting is legitimateIt is writing in the name of another personUsed by: Politicians Business peopleEx: speechwriters Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  8. 8. T YPES OF INFORMATIONBackground information provides a context for the topicTangential information provides color and captures the audience’s attentionEvidentiary information is information that supports a speech’s main points and is directly related to the topic Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  9. 9. FINDING SOURCESLibraries use the Dewey Decimal SystemJSTOR allows a researcher to search for academic journals on politicsCommunication/Mass Media Complete concern communication topicsLexis-Nexis contains newspapers, magazines and other sourcesLibrarians are a good research source Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  10. 10. PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE AND INTERVIEWSSpecial collections can have private infoFormal and informal surveys can be usedInterviews can provide a wealth of informationUndercover interviews can be questionable Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  11. 11. INTERNET SOURCES Consider source credibility; not all sites are created equal Some sites are more reliable than others Is the material timely? .gov is the most credible .edu is second most credible .com is next Then, .org .net is the least credible Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  12. 12. CITATION GUIDESChicago Style Manual Uses footnotes Bibliography is required Has a publication manual Covers various mediums and types Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  13. 13. CITATION GUIDES CONT.American Psychological Association (APA) In-text parenthetical documentation Has a manual Covers various mediums and types Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  14. 14. CITATION GUIDES CONT.Modern Language Association (MLA)A combination of the previous twoMaterial is referenced parentheticallyHas a “Works Cited” page Chapter Three - Research and Preparation
  15. 15. FINALLYSelecting and using research is mandatory for speaking in success in most situationsBe sure to be ethicalUse all available tools Chapter Three - Research and Preparation

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