1Anatomy & PhysiologyAnatomy & PhysiologySemester 2 Final Exam ReviewSemester 2 Final Exam ReviewDr. F. Anthony FialaDr. F...
2The conducting passageways of therespiratory system include all of thefollowing structures exceptAlveoliLarynxNosePharynx...
3Answer:alveoli
4The respiratory conducting passagewaysperform all of the following functions exceptExchange gasesHumidify airPurify airWa...
5Answer:exchange gases
6What is the role of mucus in the nasal cavity?
7Answer:trap incoming bacteria andother foreign debris
8Cilia of the trachea that beat continuallypropel contaminated mucusToward the throat to be swallowed or spat outToward th...
9Answer:Toward the throat to be swallowedor spat out
10Which one of the following is not part of therespiratory zone?Respiratory bronchiolesAlveolar ductsAlveolar sacsAlveoliP...
11Answer:Primary bronchi
12Name the type of tissue of which alveoli arecomposed.
13Answer:simple squamous epithelium
14The gas exchange that occurs between bloodand tissue cells at systemic capillaries iscalledPulmonary ventilationExpirati...
15Answer:Internal respiration
16The most important chemical stimuli leadingto increased rate and depth of breathing isDecreased oxygen level in the bloo...
17Answer:Increased carbon dioxide inthe blood
18Name the cahmber of the heart that receivesblood from the systemic veins.
19Answer:right atrium
20Name the structure that divides the left fromthe right ventricle.
21Answer:interventricular septum
22Which of the following represents the correctpath for the transmission of an impulse in theintrinsic conduction system o...
23Answer:SA node  AV node bundle of His  R & L bundlebranches  Purkinje fibers
24What causes the “Dup” sound whenauscultating the heart?
25Answer:closure of the semilunarvalves
26What effect does the vagus nerve have onheart activity and cardiac output?No change in heart rate and decreased cardiaco...
27Answer:Decreased heart rate anddecreased cardiac output.
28Identify the formed element that is mostabundant in blood.
29Answer:erythrocytes
30Identify the proper sequence of hemostasis.Platelet plug formation, coagulation, vascularspasm.Vascular spasm, coagulati...
31Answer:Vascular spasm, platelet plugformation, coagulation
32Name the organ largely responsible for thesynthesis of clotting factors.
33Answer:liver
34Fluid forced out of the capillary beds byhydrostatic and osmotic pressures and intothe tissue spaces is called
35Answer:lymph
36Identify the body’s first line of defenseagainst disease causing micro-organisms.
37Answer:skin and mucous membranes
38Which of the following is not one of thenonspecific body defenses.Intact skinThe inflammatory responseFeverNatural kille...
39Answer:Antibody production
40Name the four common indicators of theinflammatory response.
41Answer:rubor (redness), heat (calor),swelling (tumor), & pain (dolor)
42Identify the correct order through which foodpasses in the alimentary canal.Mouth  espohagus  stomach  large intestin...
43Answer:Esophagus  stomach doudenum  jejunum  colon
44Which of the following is not a layer of thealimentary canal.MucosaMuscularis mucosaMuscularis internaMuscularis externa...
45Answer:Muscularis interna
46Identify the organ in which protein digestionbegins.
47Answer:stomach
48Identify the location into which thepancreatic and bile ducts empty theircontents.
49Answer:duodenum
50Identify the primary function of the smallintestine.
51Answer:absorption of nutrients
52Which of the following does not improveabsorption.Cytoplasmic extensionsCircular foldsMicovilliPlicae circularisPeyers p...
53Answer:Peyers patches
54Food becomes a bolus which becomeschyme. Name the organ responsible forremoving water content from the indigestiblefood ...
55Answer:large intestine (colon)
56Identify the accessory organ that is capableof breaking down lipids, carbohydrates,proteins, and nucleic acids.
57Answer:Pancreas
58How does segmentation differ fromperistalsis?
59Answer:Peristalsis is the propulsionof food from one organ to the nextand segmentation is moving foodback and forth with...
60Name the monomer building blocks ofprotein, carbohydrate, lipid and nucleic acid.
61Answer:amino acid, monosaccharide,fatty acid/glycerol, nucleotide
62Identify the nutrient that is broken down bysalivary amylase.ProteinLipidStarchVitaminsMineralsNucleic acid
63Answer:Starch
64Which one of these is not a main function ofthe liver.To store glucoseTo add bile during digestionTo add water to the al...
65Answer:To add water to thealimentary canal
66Which one of these is not a main function ofthe kidney.Manufacture urineConvert vitamin D to its active formDispose of m...
67Answer:Aid in digestion
68Identify the correct order of the nephron.Glomerulus  PCT  Loop of Henle DCT  collecting tubuleGlomerulus  PCT  DC...
69Answer:Glomerulus  PCT  Loopof Henle  DCT  collectingtubule
70Identify the nonselective, passive processperformed by the glomerulus that formsblood plasma without blood proteins.
71Answer:filtration
72Name the tube that connects the renal hilusof the kidney to the urinary bladder.
73Answer:ureter
74What is the purpose of rugae in the urinarybladder?
75Answer:Rugae allows the bladder toexpand as urine accumulateswithin.
76Name the voluntarily controlled skeletalmuscle sphincter found in the urinarybladder.
77Answer:external urethralsphincter
78Carbon dioxide is transported in the blood as
79Answer:bicarbonate ion
80The most potent of all mechanisms andsubstances that the body uses to regulateblood pH areRespiratory system controlsThe...
81Answer:the kidneys
82Identify the type of cartilage of which thetrachea is composed.
83Answer:hyaline
84Identify the four components of therespiratory zone.
85Answer:respiratory bronchioles(tertiary), alveolar ducts, alveolarsacs, and alveoli
86Concerning the concentration gradient, inwhich direction does solute diffuse?
87Answer:To areas of lowerconcentration
88To which type of valves are chordaetendineae attached?
89Answer:AV valves
90What composes the largest percentage ofblood plasma?
91Answer:water
92How do macrophages find bacteria in theinterstium?
93Answer:chemotaxis
94True or FalseLymph capillaries have blind ends but bloodcapillaries do not.
95Answer:True
96True or False.The innermost layer of the serosa in theabdomen is called visceral peritoneum.
97Answer:True
98True or False.Microvilli are projections of the mucosa andare found in all regions of the digestivesystem to improve abs...
99Answer:False
100True or False.The hilus of the kidney contains the renalartery, renal vein, and the renal nerve.
101Answer:False
102True or False.Filtration in the glomerulus removes thelarge particles from the filtrate.
103Answer:True
104Name the part of the cardiac cycle when thecoronary system is emptying of blood.
105Answer:ventricular systole
106Name the part of the cardiac cycle when thetricuspid and bicuspid valves are open.
107Answer:ventricular diastole
108Name the part of the cardiac cycle when bothof the semilunar valves are closed.
109Answer:ventricular diastole
110Name the type of blood vessel in whichdiffusion occurs.
111Answer:capillaries
112Identify the blood type that has no antigens.
113Answer:Blood Type O
114Name the blood type that contains “A”antigens.
115Answer:Blood type A
116The blood type that can receive blood typesB and O only.
117Answer:Blood type B
118The blood type that is the universal donor.
119Answer:Blood type O
120Name the category of nutrients in whichcalcium and potassium belong.
121Answer:Minerals
122Which of the following is the correct order inwhich urine flows?Collecting tubule  minor calyx  major calyx renal pe...
123Answer:Collecting tubule minor calyx  major calyx renal pelvis ureter  urinarybladder  urethra
124This Power Point exam simulationis completed. Make certain thatyou review all material that youwere unsure of during th...
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10 2012 anatomy & physiology baseball semester 2 review

  1. 1. 1Anatomy & PhysiologyAnatomy & PhysiologySemester 2 Final Exam ReviewSemester 2 Final Exam ReviewDr. F. Anthony FialaDr. F. Anthony Fiala
  2. 2. 2The conducting passageways of therespiratory system include all of thefollowing structures exceptAlveoliLarynxNosePharynxTrachea
  3. 3. 3Answer:alveoli
  4. 4. 4The respiratory conducting passagewaysperform all of the following functions exceptExchange gasesHumidify airPurify airWarm incoming air
  5. 5. 5Answer:exchange gases
  6. 6. 6What is the role of mucus in the nasal cavity?
  7. 7. 7Answer:trap incoming bacteria andother foreign debris
  8. 8. 8Cilia of the trachea that beat continuallypropel contaminated mucusToward the throat to be swallowed or spat outToward the nose to be sneezed outToward the epiglottis to be coughed outToward the lungs to be encapsulatedToward the glottis to be hiccupped out
  9. 9. 9Answer:Toward the throat to be swallowedor spat out
  10. 10. 10Which one of the following is not part of therespiratory zone?Respiratory bronchiolesAlveolar ductsAlveolar sacsAlveoliPrimary bronchi
  11. 11. 11Answer:Primary bronchi
  12. 12. 12Name the type of tissue of which alveoli arecomposed.
  13. 13. 13Answer:simple squamous epithelium
  14. 14. 14The gas exchange that occurs between bloodand tissue cells at systemic capillaries iscalledPulmonary ventilationExpirationInternal respirationExternal respirationRespiratory gas transport
  15. 15. 15Answer:Internal respiration
  16. 16. 16The most important chemical stimuli leadingto increased rate and depth of breathing isDecreased oxygen level in the bloodIncreased blood pHIncreased carbon dioxide in the bloodIncreased hydrogen ion in the bloodDecreased carbon dioxide in the blood
  17. 17. 17Answer:Increased carbon dioxide inthe blood
  18. 18. 18Name the cahmber of the heart that receivesblood from the systemic veins.
  19. 19. 19Answer:right atrium
  20. 20. 20Name the structure that divides the left fromthe right ventricle.
  21. 21. 21Answer:interventricular septum
  22. 22. 22Which of the following represents the correctpath for the transmission of an impulse in theintrinsic conduction system of the heart?AV node  SA node  bundle of His  R & L bundle branches Purkinje fibersAV node  bundle of His  SA node  Purkinje fibers  R & L bundlebranchesSA node  AV node  bundle of His  R & L bundle branches Purkinje fibersSA node  AV node  R & L bundle branches  bundle of His Purkinje fibers
  23. 23. 23Answer:SA node  AV node bundle of His  R & L bundlebranches  Purkinje fibers
  24. 24. 24What causes the “Dup” sound whenauscultating the heart?
  25. 25. 25Answer:closure of the semilunarvalves
  26. 26. 26What effect does the vagus nerve have onheart activity and cardiac output?No change in heart rate and decreased cardiacoutput.Decreased heart rate and decreased cardiac output.Decreased heart rate and increased cardiac output.Increased heart rate and increased cardiac output.Increased heart rate and decreased cardiac output.Decreased heart rate and no change in cardiacoutput.
  27. 27. 27Answer:Decreased heart rate anddecreased cardiac output.
  28. 28. 28Identify the formed element that is mostabundant in blood.
  29. 29. 29Answer:erythrocytes
  30. 30. 30Identify the proper sequence of hemostasis.Platelet plug formation, coagulation, vascularspasm.Vascular spasm, coagulation, platelet plugformationVascular spasm, platelet plug formation,coagulationCoagulation, platelet plug formation,vascular spasm
  31. 31. 31Answer:Vascular spasm, platelet plugformation, coagulation
  32. 32. 32Name the organ largely responsible for thesynthesis of clotting factors.
  33. 33. 33Answer:liver
  34. 34. 34Fluid forced out of the capillary beds byhydrostatic and osmotic pressures and intothe tissue spaces is called
  35. 35. 35Answer:lymph
  36. 36. 36Identify the body’s first line of defenseagainst disease causing micro-organisms.
  37. 37. 37Answer:skin and mucous membranes
  38. 38. 38Which of the following is not one of thenonspecific body defenses.Intact skinThe inflammatory responseFeverNatural killer cellsAntibody production
  39. 39. 39Answer:Antibody production
  40. 40. 40Name the four common indicators of theinflammatory response.
  41. 41. 41Answer:rubor (redness), heat (calor),swelling (tumor), & pain (dolor)
  42. 42. 42Identify the correct order through which foodpasses in the alimentary canal.Mouth  espohagus  stomach  large intestine small intestineMouth  esophagus  pharynx  stomach  smallintestine  large intestinePharynx  esophagus  stomach  jejunum  colon duodenumMouth  esophagus  stomach  duodenum  ileum jejunumEsophagus  stomach  doudenum  jejunum  colon
  43. 43. 43Answer:Esophagus  stomach doudenum  jejunum  colon
  44. 44. 44Which of the following is not a layer of thealimentary canal.MucosaMuscularis mucosaMuscularis internaMuscularis externaSubmucosaSerosa
  45. 45. 45Answer:Muscularis interna
  46. 46. 46Identify the organ in which protein digestionbegins.
  47. 47. 47Answer:stomach
  48. 48. 48Identify the location into which thepancreatic and bile ducts empty theircontents.
  49. 49. 49Answer:duodenum
  50. 50. 50Identify the primary function of the smallintestine.
  51. 51. 51Answer:absorption of nutrients
  52. 52. 52Which of the following does not improveabsorption.Cytoplasmic extensionsCircular foldsMicovilliPlicae circularisPeyers patchesVilli
  53. 53. 53Answer:Peyers patches
  54. 54. 54Food becomes a bolus which becomeschyme. Name the organ responsible forremoving water content from the indigestiblefood remnants.
  55. 55. 55Answer:large intestine (colon)
  56. 56. 56Identify the accessory organ that is capableof breaking down lipids, carbohydrates,proteins, and nucleic acids.
  57. 57. 57Answer:Pancreas
  58. 58. 58How does segmentation differ fromperistalsis?
  59. 59. 59Answer:Peristalsis is the propulsionof food from one organ to the nextand segmentation is moving foodback and forth within an organ.
  60. 60. 60Name the monomer building blocks ofprotein, carbohydrate, lipid and nucleic acid.
  61. 61. 61Answer:amino acid, monosaccharide,fatty acid/glycerol, nucleotide
  62. 62. 62Identify the nutrient that is broken down bysalivary amylase.ProteinLipidStarchVitaminsMineralsNucleic acid
  63. 63. 63Answer:Starch
  64. 64. 64Which one of these is not a main function ofthe liver.To store glucoseTo add bile during digestionTo add water to the alimentary canalTo degrade hormonesTo detoxify drugs
  65. 65. 65Answer:To add water to thealimentary canal
  66. 66. 66Which one of these is not a main function ofthe kidney.Manufacture urineConvert vitamin D to its active formDispose of metabolic waste productsRegulate blood volumeRegulate blood pHAid in digestion
  67. 67. 67Answer:Aid in digestion
  68. 68. 68Identify the correct order of the nephron.Glomerulus  PCT  Loop of Henle DCT  collecting tubuleGlomerulus  PCT  DCT  Loop ofHenle  collecting tubuleGlomerulus  collecting tubule  PCT DCT  Loop of HenleGlomerulus  collecting tubule  PCT Loop of Henle  DCT
  69. 69. 69Answer:Glomerulus  PCT  Loopof Henle  DCT  collectingtubule
  70. 70. 70Identify the nonselective, passive processperformed by the glomerulus that formsblood plasma without blood proteins.
  71. 71. 71Answer:filtration
  72. 72. 72Name the tube that connects the renal hilusof the kidney to the urinary bladder.
  73. 73. 73Answer:ureter
  74. 74. 74What is the purpose of rugae in the urinarybladder?
  75. 75. 75Answer:Rugae allows the bladder toexpand as urine accumulateswithin.
  76. 76. 76Name the voluntarily controlled skeletalmuscle sphincter found in the urinarybladder.
  77. 77. 77Answer:external urethralsphincter
  78. 78. 78Carbon dioxide is transported in the blood as
  79. 79. 79Answer:bicarbonate ion
  80. 80. 80The most potent of all mechanisms andsubstances that the body uses to regulateblood pH areRespiratory system controlsThe kidneysHormonesThe buffer systemEnzymes
  81. 81. 81Answer:the kidneys
  82. 82. 82Identify the type of cartilage of which thetrachea is composed.
  83. 83. 83Answer:hyaline
  84. 84. 84Identify the four components of therespiratory zone.
  85. 85. 85Answer:respiratory bronchioles(tertiary), alveolar ducts, alveolarsacs, and alveoli
  86. 86. 86Concerning the concentration gradient, inwhich direction does solute diffuse?
  87. 87. 87Answer:To areas of lowerconcentration
  88. 88. 88To which type of valves are chordaetendineae attached?
  89. 89. 89Answer:AV valves
  90. 90. 90What composes the largest percentage ofblood plasma?
  91. 91. 91Answer:water
  92. 92. 92How do macrophages find bacteria in theinterstium?
  93. 93. 93Answer:chemotaxis
  94. 94. 94True or FalseLymph capillaries have blind ends but bloodcapillaries do not.
  95. 95. 95Answer:True
  96. 96. 96True or False.The innermost layer of the serosa in theabdomen is called visceral peritoneum.
  97. 97. 97Answer:True
  98. 98. 98True or False.Microvilli are projections of the mucosa andare found in all regions of the digestivesystem to improve absorption of nutrients.
  99. 99. 99Answer:False
  100. 100. 100True or False.The hilus of the kidney contains the renalartery, renal vein, and the renal nerve.
  101. 101. 101Answer:False
  102. 102. 102True or False.Filtration in the glomerulus removes thelarge particles from the filtrate.
  103. 103. 103Answer:True
  104. 104. 104Name the part of the cardiac cycle when thecoronary system is emptying of blood.
  105. 105. 105Answer:ventricular systole
  106. 106. 106Name the part of the cardiac cycle when thetricuspid and bicuspid valves are open.
  107. 107. 107Answer:ventricular diastole
  108. 108. 108Name the part of the cardiac cycle when bothof the semilunar valves are closed.
  109. 109. 109Answer:ventricular diastole
  110. 110. 110Name the type of blood vessel in whichdiffusion occurs.
  111. 111. 111Answer:capillaries
  112. 112. 112Identify the blood type that has no antigens.
  113. 113. 113Answer:Blood Type O
  114. 114. 114Name the blood type that contains “A”antigens.
  115. 115. 115Answer:Blood type A
  116. 116. 116The blood type that can receive blood typesB and O only.
  117. 117. 117Answer:Blood type B
  118. 118. 118The blood type that is the universal donor.
  119. 119. 119Answer:Blood type O
  120. 120. 120Name the category of nutrients in whichcalcium and potassium belong.
  121. 121. 121Answer:Minerals
  122. 122. 122Which of the following is the correct order inwhich urine flows?Collecting tubule  minor calyx  major calyx renal pelvis ureter  urinary bladder  urethraCollecting tubule  minor calyx  major calyx kidney  ureter  urinary bladder  urethraCollecting tubule  major calyx  minor calyx renal pelvis  ureter  urinary bladder  urethraCollecting tubule  minor calyx  major calyx urethra  urinary bladder  ureter
  123. 123. 123Answer:Collecting tubule minor calyx  major calyx renal pelvis ureter  urinarybladder  urethra
  124. 124. 124This Power Point exam simulationis completed. Make certain thatyou review all material that youwere unsure of during thispresentation.

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