Holistic Large Animal Veterinary Treatments


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Holistic Large Animal Veterinary Treatments

  1. 1. Proud to be an American Tipp City, Ohio
  2. 2. A.J. Luft, DVM ajcowdoc@frontier.com 419-305-5502 cell  1996 Ohio State University DVM degree  Co-owner of Chickasaw Veterinary Center since 2003  Working with the organic industry since 2004 with about 20% organic clientele  Loosely affiliated with Organic Valley, OEFFA, & Crystal Creek ; continually developing more contacts NODPA & CFSA  Dealer for Crystal Creek, Dr. Paul‟s, Lancaster Ag & more  Couple of public speaking engagements per year  Small 20 acre farm with 13 dual purpose cattle, a few chickens & hogs plus gardens & orchard  Lovely wife with son 17 (aspiring country singer) & daughter 12 (aspiring future veterinarian) who I dedicate my life's work too
  3. 3. Evaluating Response to Treatment  The only way to evaluate the success of any treatment is did it work or not? Try anything once if it sounds logical, nontoxic & not unethical  Very difficult to determine success in AVM due to the lack of trials and EBM: Why?  If only accept EBM • Few procedures would be performed • It de-emphasizes intuition, common sense, experience & rationale  EBM is based on trials supposedly w/o bias, only one or maybe two variables & plenty of statistics • Does not account for touch (healer interaction); „thoughts are things‟ • Statistics don‟t tell you which animals will respond, and which ones will not (vitality)
  4. 4. Evaluating Response to Treatment  Lack of EBM is NOT proof of ineffectiveness or unsafe; thousands of people/animals die every year due to adverse drug reactions from FDA approved drugs  R & D is important but medicine is an ‘art’ and many factors contribute to diseases and the success of medical procedures  Knowledge often gets in the way of wisdom  Dextrose, calcium, grain to calves, etc.
  5. 5. The Medicine Cabinet: Suppliers Dr. Paul‟s: Through private distributors
  6. 6. The Medicine Cabinet: Suppliers Crystal Creek www.crystalcreeknatural.com 1-888-376-6777
  7. 7. The Medicine Cabinet: Suppliers Lancaster Ag www.lancasterag.com 1-717-687-9222
  8. 8. The Medicine Cabinet: Suppliers Agri-Dynamics Penn Dutch Cow Care Dr. Sarah‟s Essentials Impro products Bio-Vet, Inc. More but no experiences
  9. 9. The Medicine Cabinet 1. If organic all medications must be approved by your certifier. 2. Conventional meds allowed for organics: a. Injectable Vitamin/Mineral supplements b. Electrolytes: CMPK, Cal-Nate, hypersaline, LRS, Normosol-L c. Dextrose d. Aspirin e. Topicals: Iodine, alcohol, mineral oil, glycerine f. Synthetics: Flunixin, xylazine; emergencies only poloxalene, epinephrine, oxytocin, ivermectin (?)
  10. 10. The Medicine Cabinet 3. Antibiotics: We are obligated to save a life by whatever means necessary that is ethical or put animal out of misery  Criteria for antibiotic use: Fever, severe depression, dehydration, infections or surgeries (3 strikes = out)  Excenel, Polyflex, oxytetracycline, etc.  Circling disease, severe pneumonia, severe footrot, toxic metritis or mastitis, pinkeye, Clostridial muscle disease, after any major surgery, etc.
  11. 11. The Medicine Cabinet 4. Antioxidant Vitamins & Minerals: a. b. c. d. Vital EA&D Vitamin C Mu-Se or Bo-Se MultiMin  All four are Rx medications e. Oral supplements: NutriVit, Maxcalibur, many other sources
  12. 12. The Medicine Cabinet 5. Electrolytes: a. Parenteral: CMPK, CalNate, Dextrose, Hypertonic saline, LRS, Normosol-L, etc. b. Oral (calf): Calf 180, ReplenaLytes, homemade recipes & many more c. Oral (cow): Homemade recipes
  13. 13. Oral Cow Fluid Recipe General “Off-Feed” 1. 10 +/- gallons of warm/cool water 2. 4-5 lbs. of alfalfa meal or equivalent 3. 8-10 oz. apple cider vinegar or equivalent 4. 6-8 oz. aloe vera juice 5. 140gms salt (5oz), 25gms KCl (1oz) & 10gms CaCl2 (2 tsp) 6. ½ lb Diamond V Yeast 7. 2 oz. kelp
  14. 14. Homemade Parenteral Fluid Therapy for Calves 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. *Normal eye reflexes but slow suckle reflex or moderate* to severe (>8%) dehydration SQ or IV recipe One gallon of distilled water (Sterile water is preferred) Remove ~12oz from the jug Add ¼ tsp (1.4gm) of No-Salt (KCl) Add 1 heaping tb (24gm) of salt Add 2 heaping tsp (17gm) of bicarb Add 400ml 50% dextrose Add 1ml of MultiMin /100 lb of BW (one time) Add 1-2ml of B-Comp Forte   Mix thoroughly and use immediately! Donald Sockett, DVM WVDL, UW
  15. 15. The Medicine Cabinet 6. Biologicals: a. Antibody: Bovi-Sera, Calf Guard, Ecolizer + C, First Defense b. Commercial vaccines: 5-way & intranasal upper respiratory virus, 7way clostridial, Lepto, calf scours, etc. c. Bacterial cell wall extracts: Immunoboost d. Hyperimmunized egg yolk technology: First Arrival, Dairy „R‟ Caps, etc.
  16. 16. The Medicine Cabinet 7. Whey products: a. Hyperimmunized colostrum whey: Immune modulating substances like cytokines & lactoferrins that orchestrate the immune response i.e. Impro & Biocel CBT b. Milk whey: Crystal Whey c. Oral whey capsules: Maxcalibur & Dairy “R” Caps
  17. 17. The Medicine Cabinet 8. Botanicals: Many products available a. Tinctures: Tri-Support, First Step, Will John, Garlic, etc. b. Extracts: Aloe vera, Neem oil, etc. c. Whole plant: Pul-Mate, Eliminate, Detox Plus, Comfort, Power, S & G, etc. d. Combinations: Check, Calf Shield, Calf Start, Wound Spray, Phyto-Mast, etc. e. Essential Oils/Liniments: Prism, Oxxyphyte, Poke oil, Wound Savvy, Udder Savvy, Udder Fancy, Shoo Fly, No-Fly, EctoPhyte, Udder Comfort, etc.
  18. 18. The Medicine Cabinet 9. Homeopathy: Requires accurate symptom picture, compliance, good restraint & healer interaction (mind/body or „thoughts are things‟)  Aconite, apis, arnica, belladonna, caulop hyllum, echinacea, hypericum, nat mur, nux vom, phytolacca, pulsatilla, pyrogenium, rhus, sepia, utrica, etc.  Every farm should have a basic kit
  19. 19. The Medicine Cabinet 10. Acupuncture  Requires knowledge & healer interaction  Diagnostics purposes (extension of a good physical exam) as well as treatments  May require multiple treatments  Drs. Mark Mattison, Richard J. Holliday & Hubert Karreman are all certified bovine acupuncturists
  20. 20. Treatment Facilities 1. Inadequate on most smaller farms  Leads to non-compliance & safety issues  Requires good footing  Never enough gates in working order 2. Head stanchions/locks: a. Homemade, head locks, old parlors, stationary, tie-stalls, etc. b. Located in areas for easy access to head 3. Portable chutes: Universal for multiple uses and can be placed anywhere needed quickly
  21. 21. Portable chute • Easy Chute • Manufactured by:  Linway Mfg. Co.  New Paris, Indiana  1-800-808-4366  ~$3,000
  22. 22.  Springer-Magrath McCook, Nebraska 69001 www.springermagrath.com 1-308-345-1757 1-800-445-9254 Pump only = $169.05 Everything = >$300
  23. 23. Mastitis Prevention   Never totally avoidable: All farms have constraints imposed on them by natural principles and the innate nature of the cow. Be proactive: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.  Knowledge of basic physiological principles of lactation: 1. 2.  Supplement ration during times of stress Routine equipment maintenance, monitoring & testing Clean & dry bedding is paramount to success Routinely P.E. udders Vaccinate when necessary Rewarded with premiums Insure a good „let-down‟ by mimicking suckling: warm, moist, some massage & pre-strip Must begin milking in less than 60 seconds to maximize yield and avoid residue milk Cull when necessary: Face reality when P.E. & records strongly suggest another occupation
  24. 24. Staphylococcus Mastitis 1. Lives on the surface of the udder 2. Has the ability to invade living tissue and develop scare tissue 3. Quickly can become resistant to antibiotics: MRSA 4. Avoid any damage or compromise to the physical barriers of the teat & udder: improper milking machine function, irritating teat dips, frost bite, trauma, etc. 5. Culture to verify which type of Staph:   Contagious: age, stage of lactation, chronicity & P.E. (cull if older, chronic & abcessed) Environmental: post teat dip evaluation, cleaner environment, investigate physical damage
  25. 25. Streptococcus Mastitis 1. Not generally invasive 2. Live on surface of the udder & in residual milk 3. Review milking procedures/techniques 4. Avoid stimuli that interferes with letdown: visitors, stray voltage, abrupt changes in routine (creatures of habit), etc. 5. Culture to determine contagious vs. environmental and adjust management
  26. 26. E. coli Mastitis 1. „Manure bacteria‟ unsanitary conditions 2. Excess protein: Increased sources of nitrates, urea or NPN 3. Coliforms are acid-living bacteria: Manure & cow comfort management, avoid slug feeding, avoid excessive grain feeding and treat high sulfate water
  27. 27. Mastitis Flare-ups 1. Without systemic signs: Fever, depression, hot-hardwatery quarters, or off feed 2. Early recognition & therapy for best results 3. 6-10cc‟s injectable Vitamin EA&D: SC once & caution 4. 6-10cc‟s injectable MultiMin: SC once 5. 30cc‟s whey (Impro) SC followed with oral whey (Maxcalibur, Hemocel or Dairy “R”) BID for 3 days 6. Strip out quarter as often as possible 7. (Avoid infusions): Anything will act as an irritant and risk introducing more pathogens 8. E.O./Liniments: Apply externally after each strip-out 9. Avoid managing the symptoms without looking for cause: No treatment will be really effective until the cause is removed or at least reduced
  28. 28. Common-sense dry cow program 1. Quit abruptly, never linger 2. Administer immune modulator or stimulant: kelp/aloe, Vital EA&D, TM, etc. 3. After 5-7 days, check milk & milk out completely 4. If normal, dip teats and leave alone 5. If questionable appearance repeat steps 1-3 until normal secretion 6. In some cases may need to pre-milk cow till freshening: colostrum quality will not be compromised & milk fever? (no EBM)
  29. 29. Retained Fetal Membranes Retained if not passed after 6-8 hours Nutritional disturbances: Weather, change in forage, change in DMI, metabolic disturbances, etc. Dystocia of any kind: twins, large calves, uterine torsions, etc. Always give warm water preferably with electrolytes (with calcium) plus Pulsatilla immediately after calving
  30. 30. Retained Fetal Membranes  If retained: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.  50cc‟s of Uterine Care Whey daily until pass One dose of Mu-Se with caution Oral calcium Pulsatilla BID until pass Drench with aloe vera & give aspirin After second or third day 1. 2. 3. Check for fever, ruminations & ketones daily Gently tug on afterbirth from the outside: if membranes do not let go start cow on aloe vera & aspirin BID, pack uterus with I.O. Dine boluses daily as needed Persistent fever after 24 hours consider systemic antibiotics and/or Pyogenium 200C (3 strikes = out)
  31. 31. Scours Prevention  Foundation of any calf raising program is an excellent dry cow program: Any investigation of scours begins with the dry cow environment/diet especially if scours develops within three days of age  If calf is separated from cow must take on the responsibility of a consistent, clean product delivered in clean utensils with the right temp, time & elevation  Clean & separate calving areas: 1. 2. Pathogens that cause calf diseases are carried by adult cattle Do not share sick & pre-fresh cows within calving areas  Foundation diet for calves should always be milk, NOT grain  Adequate milk supply prevents lots of issues: 50-100% increase during cold weather stress  Always provide clean water from day one every day of the year  Dump milk should be dumped: Only to calves older than one month, sloop pigs or use as fertilizer on fields
  32. 32. Scours Treatment 1. Probiotics &/or yogurt (make your own) 2. Electrolytes between regular milk feedings or delayed by one hour (commercial or homemade) 3. Do NOT take off milk: hypoglycemia 4. Learn to use esophageal feeder  Will save many calves 5. Humates for toxin absorbent & source of carbon 6. Whey products: First Formula 7. Many commercial products: Calf Shield, Calf Start, Primary Care, Arrival etc.
  33. 33. Pneumonia  Very preventable disease but difficult & expensive to treat  Clean fresh air (outside) without direct drafts in a clean, dry & comfortable environment  Calf jackets during cold weather  Adequate nutrition for immune system  Vaccination: Inforce 3 & 5-way respiratory MLV  Medical treatments depends on clinical presentation: 1. 2. Good appetite and thrifty do well on natural methods: Aspirin, aloe vera, Pul-Mate & homeopathy Fever, depression, inappetence, open-mouth, rapid & shallow breathing should be aggressively treated (three strikes = treatment)
  35. 35. Banteng (= endangered wild cattle species from southeast Asia 1. Bos javanicus also known as Tembadau 2. Domesticated banteng are called Bali cattle 3. Originate in Java 4. Males are black and females are buff; white stockings and white rump 5. Average between 1300-1750 lbs 6. Used for work & meat
  36. 36. The End