Times expressions Every day At the weekend Once a week On SundaysWe’ll use thistimes expressionsat the end of eachphrase.Examples: I go tothe gym every day.She can go to theswimming poolonce a week.Uses:• Common Actions• Acts• Permanents Actions• First conditional
Adverbs of frecuency Always Usually Often Sometimes Rarely NeverWe’ll put it between the subject andthe verb and behind the verb to be.Examples: Wealways go to thecinema on Saturday.I’m sometimes at thesquare of the town.
Present ContinuousStructure (+) Subject + am/is/are +Verb + Ing +Compl. (-) Subject + Am not/Aren’t/Isn’t + Verb +Ing + Compl. (?) Am/Is/Are + Subject + Verb + Ing +Complements + ? Short answers:○ Yes, I Am He/She/It is You/We/They Are○ No, I am not He/She/It isn’t You/We/TheyAren’t
Time expressions Now Right Now At the momentWe’ll put this timeexpressions at theend of eachphraseExamples: She’s doing a pizza right now.We aren’t go to do that at the momentTip! We don’t usually use the presentcontinuous with stative verbs.Uses:• Something that happend at the moment• Future
Spelling of Verb + INGFor many verbs we make the ING formby simply adding -ING to end of the verb.eat - eatingspeak - speakingVerbs ending with -e(exception of verbs ending in -ee and -ie)hope - hopingwrite - writingVerbs ending with -eeagree - agreeingsee - seeing
Verbs ending with -ieChange the -ie to -y and add -INGtie - tyingVerbs ending with one vowel and oneconsonant (with the exception ofw, x, and y)For one syllable verbsdouble the consonant and add -INGsit - sittingFor two syllable verbsanswer - answeringoffer - offeringIf the 2nd syllable is stressed , doublethe consonant and add INGadmit - admittingbegin - begining
Past simple (+) Subject + Verb + -ED/ SecondColumn + Complements (-) Subject + Didn’t + Verb +Complements (?) Did + Subject + Verb + Complemets+ ? Short answers:○ Yes, I/You/He/She/We/They did.○ No, I/You/He/She/We/They didn’t.Strucure
Time expresions Last week Month ago Year ago A week ago YesterdayWe’ll put thetimesexpressions atthe end ofeach phrase.Examples: I came back to houseyesterday.They didn’t go to the party.Uses:• Finished actions
Past continuous (+) Subject + Was/Were + Verb(ing) +Complements (-) Subject + Wasn’t/Weren’t + Verb(ing)+ Complements (?) Was/Were + Subject + Verb(ing) +Complements + ? Short answers:○ Yes, I/He/She/It Was You/We/They Were○ No, I/He/She/It Wasn’t You/We/They Weren’tStructure
Time Expresions At nine o’clock Ten minutes ago Last nightWe’ll put thetimesexpressions atthe end ofeach phrase.Examples: I was sleeping when my mumwoke me up.She was making dinner at nine o’clock.Uses:• long action that in the past was interrupted
Past simple/Past continuousExamples: Juan was passing the factorywhen he saw something.They smelled something bad while theywere walking near school.Tip! We often use when with the Pastsimple. We often use while with the PastContinuous.
Time expressions Ever Just Already Never Yet For SinceWe’ll put the timesexpressions betweenHave/Has and the verb.Except: Yet, For andSinceExamples: I have never gone toAustralia.She hasn’t gone to Australia yet.He hasn’t seen his best firendsince Chritsmats.Uses:• Action that began in the past and continues to thepresent
Since: We use this when is a specifieddate. Example: I’ve lived in Londonsince october. For: It’s used for a long and inconcreteExample: I’ve studied french for fiveyears.
Will (+) Subject + Will + Verb +Complements (-) Subject + Won’t + Verb +Complements (?) Will + Subject + Verb +Complements + ? Short answers:○ Yes, I/You/He/She/We/They will○ No, I/You/He/She/We/They won’tStructure
Time Expressions Tomorrow One day In the future Later Soon Next weekUses:• Promises• Predictions(ilogical)• Instant decisions• OffersExamples: He promises he willcall when he arrives.It will be a great party.
Be going to (+) Subject + Am/Is/Are + Going to +Verb + Complements (-)Subject + Am not/Isn’t/Aren’t Going to+ Verb + Complements (?) Am/Is/Are + Subject + Going to +Verb + Complements Short answer:○ Yes, I Am You/We/They Are He/She/It Is○ No, I Am not You/We/They Aren’t He/She/ItIsn’tStructure
Times expressions(Same of will’s time expresions)Uses: Predictions(logical) PlansExamples: Were going to have a partytonight.Richard is going to take an English class.
Presente continuousThis can be used like a future tense.Use: Something that is decided Near Future