TIMEabout 8amacross the yearsaround summervacationat 9amby this eveningduring rainy seasonfor a whilein a momentoff scheduleon August 22over timesince this morningunder ten minutesuntil 12 noon
POSITION/ MOVEMENTafter the Ortigas Stationalong the streetbehind the parkbeside the roombeneath the palemoonlightbelow the groundinside the carinto the fireoff the trainon the tableout of the boxover the fencearound the race trackthrough the glass doorstowards the lightto NAIAunder the wooden bridgewith the windwithin the boundariesbetween the twomountains
Drill:Identify the prepositions in the given sentences, and tell whether they express time, place,movement, or manner.1. After twenty minutes, the books near the table bythe door fell into a heap onto the floor.2. Before the sun rose on the horizon, she saw a ray oflight through the opening in the mine shaft.3. The workers at Minnys hat shop ate in the employeecafeteria over the main store.4. What do you think about my recent purchases fromBloombergs?5. Between you and me, no one except Ralph hasbeen in touch since yesterday.
Uses ExamplesATshows exact time or hourbeing present at anassembly or gatheringtemporary occupation ofspacebeing in two-dimensionalspaceposition or locationrelative to another thingat 11amat the generalassemblyat the jeepneystopat the bottomat theintersection
INindicates a period of time(years, centuries, seasons,months, parts of the day)being part of a groupbeing aboard a privatetransportcontent of a materialbeing contained in space(geographical, frame, orthree dimensional) in 2005in summerin classin my carin the manualin the room
ONexpresses days anddatesbeing aboard apublic transportlocation or positionon a surfaceonSaturdayon the bus,on the trainon thewall, on theboard
Prepositions Seatwork #1A1. Engr. Franco spent the entire afternoon (in, on, at, under)the phone contacting suppliers.2. Architect Evangelista waited for Engr. Franco (at, from,until, under) 6:30pm to discuss the details of the project.3. Engr. Franco failed to inform Architect Evangelista that themeeting was moved (at, before, in, on) Thursday, October 18.4. The name of the building is named (after, to, about, from)the main donors.5. The ‘Juan Santiago’ project should be finished (on,about, before, after, in) one and a half years.
Prepositions Seatwork #1B6. He ran _____ the corner _____ the road to the other side_____ the street. (of, down, from)7. They said it was _____ the rail way station so it must besomewhere _____ (opposite, around)8. We sat _____ the front of the theatre but not right _____the front row. (at, in)9. Jill sat _____ the driver and I sat _____ her. (behind, nextto)10. My office is _____ the Ortigas _____ the OctagonBuilding. (close to, in the middle of)
Prepositions Seatwork #2My friend Francesca and I decided to meet (1)________ the town center(2)_____ Thursday morning. We are going to revisit the places we usedto go to when we were kids. One of them is Asian Arts Museum. Wewould take another look (3)_______ the painting and sculptures offamous Asian artists. After spending an hour or two (4)_____ themuseum, we are going to dine (5)_______ the Fine Food Restaurantand reminisce about out childhood days. A quick visit to the DeliciousIce cream cafe for dessert would surely follow. (6)_______ theafternoon, we plan to go to the Great Fun Amusement park.
Prepositions Seatwork #2An hour touring the place (7)_______ rented bikes wouldsurely be fun. (8)_______ the end of the bike trail, we canexpect a great view of our town’s famous lake. We wouldalso take the opportunity to enjoy the part rides and buysome souvenirs. Finally, (9)_______ exactly 8pm we wouldprobably lose ourselves (10)_______ a big crowd to watchthe fantastic fireworks. I am really looking forward to the funfilled Thursday.
Some prepositions occur with certain verbsor adjectives. For these verbs and adjectives,only one preposition can be used.absent in class rely on our parentssubstitute for Mr. De Leon consist of two partsexperienced in the job in my opinion
Let us try these!Complete the following phrases with the appropriatepreposition.1. different (from, with, to) the other students2. recent typhoons are similar (to, with, from) Ondoy.3. guilty (of, on, in, from) his mistake4. awareness (to, before, of, in) the problem5. afraid (from, to, of, in, at) spiders.
Make sure that you maintain a healthylifestyle or else you might find yourselfGROUND
After winning the competition, sheseems to be9
As a computer engineer, everybody isencouraged to be innovative and toTHINK
Prepositional Phrases-preposition is joined by anoun or a pronoun-function as an adjective oran adverb
The cabinet near the windowhas an intricate design.The cabinet should be placednear the window.
Let’s try these!Tell whether the underlined prepositional phrase is an adjective or anadverb.1. Around seven oclock in the evening, Hal put the cheese mixture intothe saucepan on the stove and added a touch of garlic to the pan.2. When the sauce came to a boil, he lifted the pot off the stove andpoured the cheese mixture over the macaroni.3. For some strange reasons, my neighbor across the street parked hiscar in front of my garage.4. Martin greeted the guests upon their arrival at the hotel.5. Everyone except Bill ran toward the boy near the high voltage wire.
Seatwork #3Please refer to the article “MarkZuckerberg Charms South Koreans WithProper Handshake”.
References:• Miranda-Plata, S. and Yu, P. (2008). Keys toConfidences in English1: Reading and StudySkills and Grammar Workbook. Laguna:Trailblazer Publications.• www.depts.ttu.edu/che/classes/che2306/.../Misused_prepositions.pdf accessed onOctober 16, 2012.