Vigdis moe skarstein


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Vigdis moe skarstein

  1. 1. A Scandinavian model: The bookshelf ( Vigdis Moe Skarstein National Librarian
  2. 2. Digital strategy of The National Library <ul><li>Digitise all Collections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systematically A-Z </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For special purposes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On demand </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legal deposit of born-digital material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadcasting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publishers of books </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategic Partnership, sharing digitization costs 50/50 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Norwegian Broadcasting Company </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  3. 3. The Digital Collection 270 000 newspapers 530 000 pictures 190 000 books 600 hours of moving images 5 000 hours of music 7 200 posters 650 000 hours of radio broadcasts 3.000 Tbyte (3 Pbyte) unic digital content in 3 copies (total 7 000 Tbyte) Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  4. 4. From paper to pad <ul><li>Do people read on the net? </li></ul><ul><li>The frequency of use </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of books are most asked for? Fiction, non-fiction? </li></ul><ul><li>Do people read the whole book or just parts of it? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the use influence the sale of printed books or e-books? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it influence the use of libraries? </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  5. 5. Extended Collective License <ul><li>Kopinor represents all rightholders: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foreign rightholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orphan works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All media and formats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Potential rightholders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kopinor distributes the compensation to authors (i.e. through grants) </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  6. 6. Legal framework <ul><li>The Copyright Act of 1961 & its amendments allow The National Library to digitise all published material for long term preservation </li></ul><ul><li>The Bookshelf contract is based on the framework of Extended Collective Licensing </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  7. 7. Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS The (
  8. 8. Nobel laureate, Mario Vargas Llosa Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  9. 9. Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  10. 10. <ul><li>Nobels litteraturpris til Mario Vargas Llosa </li></ul><ul><li>Den 7. oktober klokka 13.00 vart det klart at årets vinner av nobelprisen i litteratur er den peruanske forfattaren Mario Vargas Llosa (f. 1936). Les mer .. </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  11. 11. Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  12. 12. Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  13. 13. <ul><li>Search: </li></ul><ul><li>Author / title </li></ul><ul><li>Text / words </li></ul><ul><li>Quotations </li></ul><ul><li>PFD-downloads (free material) </li></ul><ul><li>Search </li></ul><ul><li>Title </li></ul><ul><li>Author </li></ul><ul><li>Word / text </li></ul><ul><li>Quotations </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  14. 14. Scope of the Contract <ul><li>All books published i Norway: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1690-1700 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1790-1800 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1890-1900 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1990-2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated 50 000 volumes under copyright </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For Norwegians (IP-addresses) </li></ul><ul><li>Full-text searchable </li></ul><ul><li>The right to withdraw work </li></ul><ul><li>Download of PDFs of free works </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  15. 15. Costs and compensation Foto: NA24 Annual compensation of NOK 0.56 (€ 0.06) per page made accessible on the internet By 2012 a total annual remuneration of 0,64 mill € for 50 000 volumes (0,13 € pr capita) Compensation and digitisation costs are funded by the National Library Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  16. 16. What’s in it for the Rightholders? <ul><li>Digitisation of previous work </li></ul><ul><li>Long term preservation of digital copies </li></ul><ul><li>Access to high quality files </li></ul><ul><li>“ The long tail” </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of cash flow or yet another source of income? </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  17. 17. What’s in it for The National Library? <ul><li>Core activity </li></ul><ul><li>Community service - access to cultural heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Language policy </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences with net pedagogy </li></ul><ul><li>The knowledge society is based on the internet </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  18. 18. Use <ul><li>48.300 books under copyright available </li></ul><ul><li>43.000 PDFs downloaded (10.000 unique titles) </li></ul><ul><li>64 % of all titles have been visited </li></ul><ul><li>61 book pages visited per visit </li></ul><ul><li>2 pages accessed every second </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  19. 19. Weekly use – counted by number of IP-adresses accessing the service Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  20. 20. Use and users <ul><li>Students and staff at Colleges and Universities </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly from the urban-areas of Oslo, Bergen and Trondheim </li></ul><ul><li>Searching for specific books and content (curriculum) </li></ul><ul><li>Overweight of female readers </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  21. 21. Effects on book sales and library loans <ul><li>No measurable and significant effect on sales (substitution equals promotion) </li></ul><ul><li>Measurable but no significant effect on library loans (substitution dominates promotion) </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  22. 22. Effects on book sales and library loans <ul><li>No significant effect on sales (substitution equals promotion) </li></ul><ul><li>Measurable but no significant effect on library loans (substitution dominates promotion) </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  23. 23. ” Books are best on the Web ” <ul><li>“ Services like the Digital Bookshelf are revolutionary because we can have thousands of old books and millions of pages read by a machine in a split second. </li></ul><ul><li>Searches in Library catalogues search title and topic, whereas a full text search in the Digital Bookshelf searches the text itself, every word of it.” </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  24. 24. European consideration vs the nordic ECL <ul><li>Orphan works: </li></ul><ul><li>Time and resource consuming diligent search vs collective remuneration for use </li></ul><ul><li>Out of distribution works: </li></ul><ul><li>Similar approach in the two models </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  25. 25. Public Private Partnership <ul><li>Congruence between the CdS model and the Norwegian, but…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Norwegian model is based on bi-latteral and co-latteral agreements on joint operations and cost sharing between The National Library and publishers (right-holders), which…. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>creates additional opportunities and eliminates the need for restricted preferential use </li></ul></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  26. 26. Norwegian approach to PPP <ul><li>Whitepaper on digitization </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS “ The National Library is expected to work further with agreements about the storage of digital resources from publishers, newspapers and more.”
  27. 27. Agreements under the PPP Umbrella - Strategic Partners <ul><li>Broadcasting (Norwegian Broadcasting Company) </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers (National, regional and local) </li></ul><ul><li>Books (in progress) </li></ul>Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  28. 28. Newspapers Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  29. 29. Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  30. 30. Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  31. 31. Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  32. 32. Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  33. 33. The future Library user Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS
  34. 34. Challenges for the future Malaga, 27.mai 2011 - VMS <ul><li>Dissolving of structures, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content producers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structures for communication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New business models, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>who pays - who benefits? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National responsibility, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Still to be taken care of? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Legal framework, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual agreements or collective barganing </li></ul></ul>