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Types Of Computer Crime

Types and cases of computer crimes

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Types of Computer Crime,[object Object],Zhuravlev Alexander  326 MSLU,[object Object]
COMPUTER-RELATED CRIME,[object Object],Computer crimes refer to the use of information technology for illegal purposes or for unauthorized access of a computer system where the intent is to damage, delete or alter the data present in the computer. Even identity thefts, misusing devices or electronic frauds are considered to be computer crimes.,[object Object]
Background,[object Object],The increasing range of programmable electronic devices,,[object Object],from set-top TV boxes to mobile phones, means that,[object Object],‘computer’ crime can affect more than just personal,[object Object],computers (PCs). They and other electronic devices are,[object Object],particularly vulnerable to attack because they are flexible,,[object Object],can be reprogrammed, and are frequently networked with,[object Object],other devices. There are two main ways by which,[object Object],computers can be involved in crime:,[object Object]
Background,[object Object],[object Object],telephones. Another example is ‘phishing’,[object Object],•   New types of crime made possible by specific technologies. One example is denial of service attacks or DoS which prevent computer resources being available to intended users, for example by flooding web servers with more data than they can process.,[object Object],This was done in 2004 by a Russian crime gang in an extortion attempt on UK gambling websites during the 2004 Grand National. The National High Tech Crime Unit (NHTCU) acted with Russian authorities to arrest those responsible,[object Object]
Types of computer–related crime ,[object Object],Hacking: The act of defeating the security capabilities of a computer system in order to obtain an illegal access to the information stored on the computer system is called hacking. Another highly dangerous computer crime is the hacking of IP addresses in order to transact with a false identity, thus remaining anonymous while carrying out the criminal activities.,[object Object],Kevin Mitnickwas a famous hacker for supposedly hacking into NORAD (the pentagon), though he claims he only looked at minor things such as Nokia and Motorola,[object Object],Vladimir Levin is famous because he allegedly masterminded the Russian hacker gang that tricked Citibank's computers into spitting out $10 million. He was sentenced to three years in prison and ordered to pay Citibank $240,015 (his share from the heist). Citibank has since begun using the Dynamic Encryption Card, a security system so tight that no other financial institution in the world has it,[object Object]
Types of computer–related crime ,[object Object],Phishing:Phishing is the act of attempting to acquire sensitive information like usernames, passwords and credit card details by disguising as a trustworthy source. Phishing is carried out through emails or by luring the users to enter personal information through fake websites. Criminals often use websites that have a look and feel of some popular website, which makes the users feel safe to enter their details there,[object Object],Attacks are increasing, with financial services accounting for over 93% of impersonated or hijacked brands through bogus websites and emails. Almost all of the UK’s high street banks have been affected by phishing.,[object Object]
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